We Must
Морамо
Moramo
Co-leaders
Founded19 January 2022 (2022-01-19)
Ideology
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
European affiliationEuropean Green Party (cooperation)
Colours  Green   Purple
National Assembly
13 / 250
Assembly of Vojvodina
0 / 120
City Assembly of Belgrade
13 / 110
Website
moramo.rs

We Must (Serbian Cyrillic: Морамо, romanizedMoramo; stylized as Moramo,) is a green political coalition in Serbia.

Initially formed in November 2021, when Together for Serbia (ZZS), Do not let Belgrade drown (NDB) and Ecological Uprising (EU) signed an agreement to participate in the 2022 general election under a joint list, it was formalized as a coalition in January 2022. Its representatives had previously played a major role during the 2021–2022 environmental protests.

The coalition won 4.7% of the popular vote and managed to cross the threshold, while its presidential candidate, Biljana Stojković, won 3.3% of the popular vote. Following the election, a part of the coalition had transformed into the Together political party in early June. We Must describes itself as a "green-left" coalition and it cooperates with the European Green Party.

History

Background

During the early beginning of environmental protests in January 2021, Aleksandar Jovanović Ćuta, a member of the "Defend the Rivers of Stara Planina" organization, gained popularity due to his involvement in protests and his environmental activism.[1][2] In March 2021, he announced that he would organize an "Ecological Uprising" protest in April,[3] in which 60 environmental organizations ended up participating in.[4] The protests later continued in September,[5] with more involvement from the Together for Serbia (ZZS), and the Do not let Belgrade drown (NDB) movement.[6] Their influence grew through November and December, when the number of demonstrators became much larger.[7][8] Although the number of demonstrators in 2022 became smaller,[9] the protests were regularly organized up until 15 February.[10]

Formation

In June 2021, Nebojša Zelenović, leader of the Together for Serbia party, announced the formation of "Action", a political group built around 28 environmental civic groups that support the "Green Agreement of Serbia".[11] Later during the environmental protests in November, the leader of NDB, Dobrica Veselinović, Zelenović and Ćuta had announced the formation of a joint list for the 2022 general elections and Belgrade City Assembly election.[12][13] The media dubbed the coalition as "Green-Left bloc" (Serbian Cyrillic: Зелено-леви блок, romanizedZeleno-levi blok).[12][14] The formation was finalized on 19 January, when it was announced to the public that the coalition had been officially formed.[15][16] During the presentation, it was announced that Zelenović would be the representative of the parliamentary list, Veselinović would head the Belgrade City Assembly list, while Ćuta agreed to be the first MP candidate on the parliamentary list.[17] They had also stated its support for the common opposition candidate for the presidential election. Zelenović stated that "the main organizations that are a part of the "We Must" coalition had applied for the membership in the European Greens, and that it all started with the Spanish Podemos".[17]

2022 election and aftermath

The coalition began its campaign in Gornje Nedeljice, and on 27 February, they had announced Biljana Stojković as their presidential candidate.[18][19] It campaigned in cities across Serbia, while its last rally was held in Kragujevac.[20][21] The Slovenian political party The Left had stated its support for the coalition in late March.[22] The coalition ended up winning 4.7% of the popular vote and 13 seats in the National Assembly, while its presidential candidate Stojković won 3.3% of the popular vote.[23] In May, Ćuta stated that together with Zelenović, they would hold a founding assembly on 11 June in order to reveal the creation of a joint political party.[24][25][26] It was also speculated that the Democratic Party would join the coalition.[27][28] The party was presented to the public as Together, and it was announced that the party would have three co-leaders.[29][30]

During the same period, a conflict emerged due to the dispute over the coalition's name. NDB had claimed the name as its intellectual property, although it later withdrew the request that it had sent to the Intellectual Property Office (ZIS).[31] Radomir Lazović had argued that the intellectual property would be the property of the coalition, and not NDB.[32] During an interview, Zelenović had stated that the coalition still exists.[31] In late June, Together held a meeting with Party of Freedom and Justice (SSP) and Zdravko Ponoš; NDB did not participate.[33]

Ideology and position

The coalition was formed by the centre-left Together for Serbia, green Do not let Belgrade drown and the environmentalist "Ecological Uprising" movement, that emphasize their support towards green politics.[34] During their founding conference, they had stated that they would represent green-left values,[15][35] and that some of their main goals would include the abandonment of Rio Tinto's plan to excavate lithium in Serbia, and to defeat the Serbian Progressive Party in the 2022 election.[16][36] Zelenović had also stated that "it is necessary for Serbia to join the green transformations, otherwise it would remain a place for dirty technologies, cheap labor and colonization", and that Serbia should be more orientated towards the European Union and the Western world.[37][38] Its leaders had stated support for social justice and basic needs for every citizen, and had also commented that "we must overcome the authoritarian regimes in the Balkans".[39] They were also described as "the new faces of the opposition's left-wing",[40] and were compared to the Croatian We can! party[41] and the Montenegrin United Reform Action.[17] The coalition cooperates with the European Greens,[42] while it had also received support from the European Left.[43] Political parties such as the German Die Linke, Danish Red–Green Alliance and Slovenian Levica had also voiced its support for We Must.[44]

Members

The coalition is also made up of the Local Front and the Forum of Romani People of Serbia.[15]

Name Leader Main ideology National Assembly Vojvodina Assembly Belgrade Assembly
Together Z Collective leadership Green politics
8 / 250
0 / 120
3 / 110
Do not let Belgrade drown NDB Dobrica Veselinović Green politics
5 / 250
0 / 120
8 / 110
Solidarity Platform PS Collective leadership Democratic socialism
0 / 250
0 / 120
1 / 110

Electoral performance

Parliamentary elections

National Assembly
Year Leader Popular vote % of popular vote # of seats Seat change Government
2022 Nebojša Zelenović 178,733 4.70%
13 / 250
Increase 13 TBA

Presidential elections

President of Serbia
Year Candidate # 1st round popular vote % of votes # 2nd round popular vote % of votes
2022 Biljana Stojković 6th 122,368 3.30%

Belgrade City Assembly

City Assembly of Belgrade
Year Leader Popular vote % of popular vote # of seats Seat change Government
2022 Dobrica Veselinović 99,078 11,04% (3rd)
13 / 110
Increase 13 opposition

See also

References

  1. ^ Spasić, Vladimir (10 January 2021). "Održan protest za bezopasan vazduh: građani traže Srbiju bez smoga". Balkan Green Energy News (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Ćuta: Izgradnja MHE postaće najomraženija profesija u zemlji". NOVA portal (in Serbian). 1 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  3. ^ Dejanović, M. (10 March 2021). "ORSP: Protest "Ekološki ustanak" 10. aprila u Beogradu". Južne vesti (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Komarčević, Dušan (10 April 2022). "Ekološki protest u Beogradu: Traži se obustava projekata štetnih po životnu sredinu". Radio Free Europe (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  5. ^ Spasić, Vladimir (13 August 2021). "Protest Ustanak za opstanak - narod protiv Rio Tinta zakazan za 11. septembar u Beogradu". Balkan Green Energy News (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  6. ^ Latković, Nataša (18 August 2021). "Opozicija će podržati Ekološki ustanak 11. septembra". NOVA portal (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Ekološki ustanak najavio blokadu puteva u Srbiji u subotu". N1 (in Serbian). 26 November 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  8. ^ France-Presse, Agence (5 December 2021). "Rio Tinto lithium mine: thousands of protesters block roads across Serbia". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Da li manje ljudi na protestima znači i manji pritisak na vlast?". NOVA portal (in Serbian). 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  10. ^ "Ekološki ustanak: Ako do sutra ne objave dokumenta o Rio Tintu - radikalizacija". N1 (in Serbian). 6 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Osnovana otvorena građanska platforma "Akcija"". Danas (in Serbian). 5 June 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ a b "Zelenović i Ćuta potpisali sporazum, "zeleno-levi" blok izlazi na izbore". N1 (in Serbian). 14 November 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Sporazum Zelenovića i Jovanovića: Zeleno-levi blok za izbore". Euronews (in Serbian). 14 November 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  14. ^ Petković, Gordana (14 November 2021). "Zelenović: "Zeleno - levi" blok nudi građanima da zajedno zaštitimo prirodu". NOVA portal (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  15. ^ a b c "Formirana zeleno-leva koalicija "Moramo"". NOVA portal (in Serbian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Zajedno za Srbiju, Ne davimo Beograd i Ekološki ustanak u koaliciji "Moramo"". 021.rs (in Serbian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  17. ^ a b c Radovanović, Vojin (19 January 2022). "Zajedno za Srbiju, Ne davimo Beograd i Ekološki ustanak ozvaničili koaliciju "Moramo"". Danas (in Serbian). Retrieved 19 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "Predizborna kampanja koalicije "Moramo" kreće u nedelju iz Gornjih Nedeljica". Danas (in Serbian). 25 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Biljana Stojković predsednička kandidatkinja SSS i koalicije Moramo". N1 (in Serbian). 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  20. ^ "Završna konvencija Koalicije "Moramo" večeras u Kragujevcu". Danas (in Serbian). 29 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  21. ^ Milošević, Ana (22 March 2022). "Konvencija koalicije "Moramo" u Užicu: Građani će glasati za zemlju, vodu, vazduh i slobodu". Danas (in Serbian). Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  22. ^ "Slovenačka Levica podržala koaliciju "Moramo" na predstojećim izborima". N1 (in Serbian). 30 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  23. ^ "RIK objavio rezultate parlamentarnih izbora sa oko 99 odsto biračkih mesta u Srbiji". Radio Free Europe (in Serbian). 6 April 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Jovanović (Moramo): Osnivačka skupština nove stranke 5. juna". Novinska agencija Beta (in Serbian). 14 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  25. ^ Petrović, Marija (1 June 2022). "Ćuta, Zelenović i Skupština slobodne Srbije prave stranku: Osnivačka skupština 11. juna". Telegraf (in Serbian). Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  26. ^ Mirilović, Filip (1 June 2022). "Aleksandar Jovanović Ćuta: Moramo se neće deliti kao amebe". Vreme (in Serbian). Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  27. ^ Latković, Nataša (13 May 2022). "Prestrojavanja u opoziciji: Formiraju novu organizaciju, DS sve bliži "Moramo"". NOVA portal (in Serbian). Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  28. ^ "DS drži sednicu Glavnog odbora, štampa piše da se približavaju "Moramo"". Danas (in Serbian). 15 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  29. ^ "Članice koalicije "Moramo" se ujedinile u "Zajedno" - stranku bez lidera". N1 (in Serbian). 11 June 2022. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  30. ^ "Zelenović: Formiramo novu političku stranku sa tri kopredsednika". N1 (in Serbian). 11 June 2022. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  31. ^ a b "Zelenović: Ne davimo Beograd nije hteo u zajedničku stranku". Danas (in Serbian). 29 June 2022. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  32. ^ Čongradin, Snežana (15 June 2022). "Čije je "Moramo" i zašto: Sagovornici Danasa o tome ko je u pravu u borbi za brend imena koalicije". Danas (in Serbian). Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  33. ^ Valtner, Lidija (27 June 2022). "Ko dolazi i zašto se organizuje prvi sastanak opozicije posle susreta Vučić - Đilas". Danas (in Serbian). Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  34. ^ Centre-left:
    Green politics:
  35. ^ "Formirana zeleno-leva koalicija "Moramo"". N1 (in Serbian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Formirana zeleno-leva koalicija "Moramo"". Voice of America (in Serbian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  37. ^ "Predstavljena koalicija "Moramo" – lideri poručuju da će promovisati zelene i leve vrednosti". Radio Television of Serbia (in Serbian). 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  38. ^ "Zelenović: Potreban brz ulazak Srbije u EU, imamo plan kako svaki građanin da živi dobro". Euronews (in Serbian). 9 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  39. ^ "Koalicija Moramo - da li smo pobedili Rio Tinto, šta misle o Kosovu, Srebrenici". N1 (in Serbian). 21 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  40. ^ "Serbia in crisis: Can authoritarian trends be reversed?". Progressive Britain. 14 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  41. ^ Stilin, B. (20 January 2022). "Srpski 'Možemo' zove se 'Moramo', imaju gotovo isti vizualni identitet, a evo i tko su vodeća lica". Telekom Portal (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  42. ^ "Koalicija Moramo započela pridruživanje porodici evropskih zelenih partija". Danas (in Serbian). 30 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  43. ^ "Pismo podrške Partije Evropske levice Solidarnosti i koaliciji Moramo". Solidarnost (in Serbian). 31 March 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  44. ^ "Međunarodna podrška levice koaliciji Moramo". Solidarnost (in Serbian). 31 March 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.