Weaverville
Ho'raqtu (Chimariko)
Main Street in April 2020
Main Street in April 2020
Location in Trinity County, California
Weaverville is located in the United States
Weaverville
Weaverville
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°44′12″N 122°56′10″W / 40.73667°N 122.93611°W / 40.73667; -122.93611
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyTrinity
Area
 • Total10.424 sq mi (26.999 km2)
 • Land10.424 sq mi (26.999 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation2,051 ft (625 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,667
 • Density350/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP code
96093
Area code530
FIPS code06-83794
GNIS feature IDs1652649, 2409537

Weaverville (Chimariko: Ho'raqtu) is a census-designated place and the county seat of Trinity County, California, United States. Its population is 3,667 as of the 2020 census, up from 3,600 from the 2010 census.

History

Founded in 1850, Weaverville is a historic California Gold Rush town. Located at the foot of the current Trinity Alps Wilderness Area, Weaverville was once home to approximately 2,000 Chinese gold miners and had its own Chinatown. Many of these miners left once the gold rush ended, and the majority of the Chinatown burned down in a 1911 fire.[3] Historical monuments and architecture throughout the town keep this history alive. The Joss House is California's oldest active Chinese temple, housing Chinese artifacts thousands of years old, and is Weaverville's oldest building, built in 1852.

A self-guided walking tour of historic downtown buildings (some said to be haunted) is the best way to experience the ambiance and quaint shops and businesses.

Logging and tourism were the economic mainstays of Weaverville for many years. Weaverville is now more known for its robust trail system and quaint historic downtown. The Trinity Alps Basin Trails system starts in Weaverville and is a network of professionally maintained hiking and biking trails ranging in difficulty in and around Trinity Alps and its majestic lakes.

Weaverville has notable and unusual original gold rush historical architecture, like its iconic spiral staircases on Main St., an old Bandstand, and red Courthouse. The Jake Jackson Museum on Main Street is an original building from the 1850's and displays gold rush equipment, tools, photos and memorabilia. The Diggins Saloon and New York Saloon are still open and welcoming customers since the gold rush era.

Historically, Trinity Lake (off Highway 3 just 15 minutes from Weaverville) is a man-made lake providing water to nearby Whiskeytown Lake in neighboring Shasta County, and farmers as far as the Central Valley of California. It became a popular secret recreation area for campers, boaters, and motorcyclists in the 1970's and continues its popularity in non-drought years.

Weaverville has relied on the Trinity Journal as its main source of county news, event calendar, and business advertisements since 1856. It is one of California's oldest newspapers still in print. The office of the Trinity Journal is housed in Weaverville's Historic District, right downtown. The Trinity Journal publishes weekly on Wednesdays.

Also unique to Weaverville is its electrical grid. Weaverville created its own power company (Trinity PUD) so it could be independent of PG&E and have the ability to create power from local hydro sources.

Geography and climate

Weaverville is located at 40°44′12″N 122°56′10″W / 40.73667°N 122.93611°W / 40.73667; -122.93611 (40.736687, -122.936208).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.4 square miles (27 km2), all of it land.

Weaverville has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa, bordering on Csb), though owing to its inland valley location the town is wetter and observes much larger diurnal temperature variations, creating colder mornings, than considered prototypical for the climate type. The National Weather Service has had a cooperative weather station in Weaverville since 1894. Based on those records, average January temperatures are a maximum of 47.2 °F (8.4 °C) and a minimum of 27.4 °F (−2.6 °C), while July temperatures average a maximum of 94.1 °F (34.5 °C) and a minimum of 49.1 °F (9.5 °C). There are an average of 77.3 afternoons with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, plus an average of 126.8 mornings with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower, although only two afternoons every three years fail to rise above freezing, and only one morning every three years will fall to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below. The record high temperature was 116 °F (46.7 °C) on August 4, 1932, and the record low temperature was −10 °F (−23.3 °C) on December 9, 1972.

Average annual precipitation is 35.45 inches (900 mm), with an average of 83 days annually with measurable precipitation. The most precipitation in one month was 20.86 inches (530 mm) in December 2005, while the wettest "rain year" was from July 1982 to June 1983 with at least 65.82 inches (1,672 mm) (several days missing) and the driest from July 1990 to June 1991 with 19.02 inches (483 mm)[5] – although the 1976–77 "rain year" with many days in May missing had a recorded total of only 12.73 inches (323 mm). The most precipitation in 24 hours was 5.5 inches (140 mm) on January 4, 1982. Average annual snowfall is 8.7 inches (22 cm). The most snowfall in one month was 75.3 inches (191 cm) in January 1950.[6]

Climate data for Weaverville, California (1991–2020 normals, 1894–2020 extremes)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
82
(28)
90
(32)
94
(34)
106
(41)
113
(45)
113
(45)
116
(47)
111
(44)
104
(40)
89
(32)
85
(29)
116
(47)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.0
(16.1)
69.2
(20.7)
77.4
(25.2)
84.8
(29.3)
93.5
(34.2)
101.0
(38.3)
105.3
(40.7)
104.4
(40.2)
100.6
(38.1)
91.0
(32.8)
72.4
(22.4)
59.1
(15.1)
106.8
(41.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 49.5
(9.7)
55.3
(12.9)
61.1
(16.2)
67.6
(19.8)
77.1
(25.1)
86.1
(30.1)
95.1
(35.1)
94.5
(34.7)
88.5
(31.4)
75.2
(24.0)
57.3
(14.1)
46.7
(8.2)
71.2
(21.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 40.3
(4.6)
43.3
(6.3)
47.2
(8.4)
51.8
(11.0)
59.4
(15.2)
66.3
(19.1)
73.7
(23.2)
72.3
(22.4)
66.2
(19.0)
55.8
(13.2)
45.4
(7.4)
38.6
(3.7)
55.0
(12.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 31.2
(−0.4)
31.2
(−0.4)
33.3
(0.7)
36.1
(2.3)
41.8
(5.4)
46.4
(8.0)
52.2
(11.2)
50.0
(10.0)
43.9
(6.6)
36.4
(2.4)
33.4
(0.8)
30.5
(−0.8)
38.9
(3.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 20.3
(−6.5)
20.7
(−6.3)
23.1
(−4.9)
25.7
(−3.5)
31.3
(−0.4)
35.9
(2.2)
43.8
(6.6)
42.6
(5.9)
34.8
(1.6)
27.1
(−2.7)
21.3
(−5.9)
19.0
(−7.2)
14.9
(−9.5)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
0
(−18)
12
(−11)
16
(−9)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
32
(0)
29
(−2)
23
(−5)
14
(−10)
4
(−16)
−10
(−23)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.68
(170)
5.69
(145)
5.01
(127)
2.62
(67)
1.86
(47)
0.93
(24)
0.27
(6.9)
0.17
(4.3)
0.31
(7.9)
2.00
(51)
4.33
(110)
7.67
(195)
37.54
(954)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.2
(5.6)
1.3
(3.3)
0.2
(0.51)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(2.0)
4.0
(10)
8.7
(22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.7 13.6 14.1 10.6 7.2 3.6 1.2 1.2 2.0 5.9 12.8 17.1 105
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.4 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.5 5.4
Source 1: NOAA[7]
Source 2: National Weather Service[8]

Demographics

One of many spiral staircases in Weaverville

Population

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
20103,600
20203,6671.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2015[13]

2010

At the 2010 census Weaverville had a population of 3,600. The population density was 345.4 inhabitants per square mile (133.4/km2). The racial makeup of Weaverville was 3,162 (87.8%) White, 11 (0.3%) African American, 152 (4.2%) Native American, 41 (1.1%) Asian, 1 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 38 (1.1%) from other races, and 195 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 255 people (7.1%).[14]

The census reported that 3,473 people (96.5% of the population) lived in households, 61 (1.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 66 (1.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,513 households, 440 (29.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 622 (41.1%) were married couples living together, 185 (12.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 112 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 145 (9.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 12 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 473 households (31.3%) were one person and 196 (13.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30. There were 919 families (60.7% of households); the average family size was 2.80.

The age distribution was 842 people (23.4%) under the age of 18, 247 people (6.9%) aged 18 to 24, 734 people (20.4%) aged 25 to 44, 1,109 people (30.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 668 people (18.6%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 44.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

There were 1,675 housing units at an average density of 160.7 per square mile, of the occupied units 908 (60.0%) were owner-occupied and 605 (40.0%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 2,089 people (58.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,384 people (38.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 3,554 people, 1,513 households, and 960 families in the CDP. The population density was 100.4 inhabitants per square mile (38.8/km2). There were 1,653 housing units at an average density of 46.7 per square mile (18.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.5% White, 0.3% African American, 2.9% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3%.[15]

Of the 1,513 households 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.3% of households were one person and 13.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.85.

The age distribution was 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median household income was $30,319 and the median family income was $37,813. Males had a median income of $34,091 versus $24,722 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,297. About 13.2% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

Government

In the California State Legislature, Weaverville is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[16]

In the United States House of Representatives, Weaverville is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[17]

Sites of interest

Name Image Date listed Location Description
Weaverville Joss House State Historic Park Added to California Historical markers in 1956 Southwest corner of Main Street "The Temple of the Forest Beneath the Clouds"), a Taoist temple, was built in 1874 and is California's best-preserved example of a Gold Rush-era Chinese place of worship.
Racetrack-Airport-GolfCourse Historical Marker[18] Marker erected in 2007 Located at current site of the Trinity County Golf Course. Historical Marker for the site of former racetrack and airport
Weaverville Historic District Added to NHRP 1971 Located on both sides of Main Street 11 acres (4.5 ha) consisting of 25 historical buildings

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ "Weaverville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Christopher "Redwood forest offers glimpses of many faces of U.S," The Vancouver Sun, September 12, 1998, pg 133.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ National Weather Service, Eureka, CA; NOW Data: NOW Online
  6. ^ "Weaverville, California (049490): Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary". Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Weaverville, CA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
  8. ^ "NOAA Online Weather Data – NWS Eureka". National Weather Service. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Weaverville CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  17. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  18. ^ "Race Track – Airport – Golf Course Historical Marker". hmdb.org. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  19. ^ "Hollywood Holds A World Premier In Mining Town". The Christian Science Monitor. February 5, 1938. p. 3.
  20. ^ Ballad of Weaverville - Mary McCaslin, archived from the original on December 11, 2021, retrieved January 15, 2020
  21. ^ "Weaverville- Road Trip with Huell Howser (154) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University". September 25, 2011.