Wencheng dialect
Native toPeople's Republic of China
RegionWenzhou prefecture, Zhejiang province
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6wceg
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Wencheng dialect (Chinese: 文成話; pinyin: Wénchénghuà) is a dialect of Wu Chinese. It is an Oujiang dialect, but its tone system differs from other Oujiang dialects such as Wenzhounese.


The most important difference between eastern Oujiang dialects such as Wencheng and Wenzhou proper are tonal differences and the retention of /f/ before /o/:

Wenzhou puu hoŋ ɕadei
Wencheng foŋ ɕoli

Wencheng shares the long vowels of Wenzhonese entering tone (spelled puu above) as well as the abrupt glottal stops of the shang tones. The shang and ru tones are largely similar to Wenzhonese, but there are no falling tones—yang ping and yin qu are level—and yang qu is dipping rather than simply low.

Tone chart of the Wencheng dialect[1]
Tone number Tone name Tone contour
1 yin ping (陰平) ˧ 3
2 yang ping (陽平) ʱ˨ 2
3 yin shang (陰上) ˧˦ʔ 34
4 yang shang (陽上) ʱ˨˧ʔ 23
5 yin qu (陰去) ˨ 2
6 yang qu (陽去) ʱ˧˨˧ 323
7 yin ru (陰入) ˨˧ː 23
8 yang ru (陽入) ʱ˨˩˧ː 213

Although yin qu has been said to have merged with yang ping (these are also close in Wenzhou, both being falling tones), the consonant voicing remains distinct. A second, slightly different transcription of Wencheng tone is reported, presumably largely due to speaker differences.


  1. ^ Rose, Phil (2008). "Oujiang Wu Tones Are Acoustic Reconstruction". In Bowern, Claire; Evans, Bethwyn; Miceli, Luisa (eds.). Morphology and Language History: In Honour of Harold Koch. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. p. 245. ISBN 978-90-272-4814-5.