Wessex Trains
Overview
Franchise(s)Wessex
14 October 2001 – 31 March 2006
Main region(s)South West England
Other region(s)South East England, South Wales
Fleet size70
Stations called at161
Stations operated125
Parent companyNational Express
Reporting markWE
SuccessorFirst Great Western
A Wessex Trains Class 153 Super Sprinter at Plymouth in 2003.
A Class 150 Sprinter in West Country advertising livery. Many of these units were named after local attractions.
A Class 143 Pacer in advertising vinyls for the City of Bristol in 2005.

Wessex Trains[1] was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Wessex Trains franchise from October 2001 until March 2006, when the franchise was merged with the Great Western and Thames Valley franchises to form the Greater Western franchise.

History

In October 1996, Wales & West commenced operating the South West & Wales franchise in Wales and the West Country. It also operated services to Liverpool Lime Street, Manchester Piccadilly, Birmingham International, Southampton Central, Brighton and London Waterloo.

In 2001 the Strategic Rail Authority decided to re-organise the Valley Lines and Wales & West franchises, both being operated by National Express. Wales & West became Wessex Trains from October 2001.

Wessex Trains retained the West Country services with the Welsh services transferred to Wales & Borders although Wessex Trains operated services to Cardiff.

Services

Wessex Trains ran the majority of local trains in the South West as seen in their route map.[2]

Services ran from Great Malvern and Cardiff to Brighton, Portsmouth, Weymouth and Penzance and on these secondary lines:

Rolling stock

Wessex Trains inherited a fleet of Class 143s, Class 150s, Class 153s and Class 158s from Wales & West.

Wessex Trains leased Class 31 locomotives from Fragonset to haul a set of Mark 2 carriages from 2002 on services from Cardiff and Bristol Temple Meads to Brighton and Weymouth.[3][full citation needed]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Built
mph km/h
143 Pacer Diesel multiple unit 75 120 8 1985–1986
150 Sprinter 25 1984–1987
153 Super Sprinter 13 1987–1988
158 Express Sprinter 90 145 12 1989–1992
Mark 2 carriages Passenger carriage 100 160 5 1969–1975

Depots

Wessex Trains' fleet was maintained at Cardiff Canton and Exeter depots.

Demise

In 2002 as part of a franchise re-organisation by the Strategic Rail Authority, it was announced that the Great Western, Thames Trains and Wessex Trains franchises would be combined to form the Greater Western franchise. This was part of a Strategic Rail Authority strategy to reduce the number of train operating companies providing services from London terminal stations.[4]

Originally it was planned for Wessex Trains to take over the diesel services from Exeter St Davids to London Waterloo on the West of England Main Line operated by South West Trains as part of the South Western franchise.

On 13 December 2005 the Department for Transport awarded the Greater Western franchise to FirstGroup and the services operated by Wessex Trains transferred to First Great Western on 1 April 2006.[5]

References

  1. ^ Companies House extract company no 3011029 Archived 29 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Wales & West Passenger Trains Limited
  2. ^ Wessex Trains route map
  3. ^ Rail Magazine. No. 458. 2 April 2003. p. 49. ((cite magazine)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ SRA Announces New Franchise for West Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Strategic Rail Authority Press Release 6 November 2002
  5. ^ "Greater Western Franchise - Invitation to tender". Department for Transport. 2 February 2006. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012.


Preceded byWales & WestWales & West franchise Operator of Wessex franchise 2001–2006 Succeeded byFirst Great WesternGreater Western franchise