West Bengal Police
West Bengal Police Logo
West Bengal Police Logo
Flag of West Bengal Police
Flag of West Bengal Police
AbbreviationWBP
Motto"We Care We Dare"
Agency overview
Formed1861
EmployeesUnknown[1]
Annual budget10,410 crore (US$1.4 billion) (2022-23 est.)[2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionWest Bengal, IN
West Bengal map for WLM-IN.svg
Jurisdiction of the West Bengal Police
Size88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
Population91,347,736 (2011)
Legal jurisdictionWest Bengal
Governing bodyDepartment of Home and Hill Affairs
Constituting instrument
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersBhabani Bhawan, Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal
Gazetted Officers200 IPS officers[3]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Child agencies
Facilities
Police Stations444[5]
Dogs60[6]
Notables
Significant operation
  • Law Enforcement
Website
wbpolice.gov.in Edit this at Wikidata

The West Bengal Police is one of the two police forces of the Indian state of West Bengal. The other being the Kolkata Police, which has a separate jurisdiction across Kolkata.

The West Bengal Police was reorganized under provisions of the Police Act 1861 during the British Raj. It is headed by an officer designated as the Director General of Police who reports to the State Government through the Home (Police) Department. Shri Manoj Malaviya, an IPS officer of the 1986 batch is the DG & IGP of West Bengal Police since December 28, 2021.[7]

The West Bengal Police has jurisdiction concurrent with the twenty-two revenue districts of the State (excluding the metropolitan city of Kolkata) which comprises one of the two general police districts of West Bengal under the Police Act 1861. The other general police district consists of the major portions of the metropolitan area of Kolkata, and has a separate police force (Kolkata Police Commissionerate) constituted and administered under the Calcutta Police Act 1866 & Calcutta (Suburban Police) Act 1866. This arrangement, unique in India, was conceived during colonial times when Calcutta was the capital of British India. The city police have been kept independent of the state police force.

Oraganisational Structure

West Bengal Police Ten Police Ranges in three zones and a Railways zone.[8]

Zone Ranges Districts
South Bengal Zone Presidency Range Baruipur Police District, Diamond Harbour Police District, Sundarbans Police District, and Howrah Rural Police
Murshidabad Range Krishnanagar Police District, Ranaghat Police District and Murshidabad
Barasat Range Barasat Police District, Basirhat Police District and Bongaon Police District
Western Zone Burdwan Range Hooghly, Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Bardhaman and Birbhum
Midnapore Range Paschim Medinipur and Purba Medinipur
Bankura Range Bankura, Purulia and Jhargram
North Bengal Zone Jalpaiguri Range Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Cooch Behar
Darjeeling Range Darjeeling and Kalimpong
Malda Range Malda and Dakshin Dinajpur
Raiganj Range Uttar Dinajpur (Raiganj Police District and Islampur Police District)

Police commissionerates

A police commissionerate is a law enforcement body especially in the urban parts of the state. The commissionerate is headed by a Commissioner of Police. There are Six commissionerates under West Bengal Police for Urban Area policing. The Howrah, Chandannagar, Asansol-Durgapur & the Siliguri Police commissionerates are headed by Commissioner of Police (CP) who are of the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) while the Bidhanagar and Barrackpore police commissionerates are headed by Commissioner of Police of the rank of Inspector General of Police (IGP).[9]

All these police commissionerates are under the direct control of Director general of police.

Organisational divisions

Zones

The police administration in the state is divided into three police zones and a Government Railway Police (GRP) Zone, each headed by an Inspector General of Police. Each Zone consists of one or more Ranges headed by an officer designated as the Deputy Inspector General of Police (or Special Inspector General of Police). In all, there are 28 police districts (including four consisting of Government Railway Police districts), each headed by a Superintendent of Police. The three Zones are South Bengal Zone, Western Bengal Zone and North Bengal Zone, and an office of the IGP Railways.

Besides, there are some other IGP ranked officers in the following department: Coastal Security, Fire & Emergency Services, Training, Provisioning, Armed Police (AP), Enforcement Bureau (EB), Administration, Law & Orders, Telecommunications, CID, Traffic, WBPRB, SVSPA, CIF, STF, Vigilance Commission etc.

Ranges

Each Range comprises two or more districts or one district divided into multiple police districts. The Range is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG). In West Bengal there are 10 ranges.

Besides, there are DIG ranked officers in the department of Traffic, Railways, States Crime Records Bureau (SCRB), CID West Bengal, Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB), AP Barrackpore, AP Eastern Frontier Rifles (EFR) Salua, AP North Bengal, AP Durgapur, AP Siliguri, Border, Enforcement Bureau (EB), Intelligence Bureau, Fire Services, Head Quarter (HQ), Police Training Center (PTS), Training, Personnel & Weapon, Provisioning, Telecommunication, WBNVF, Civil Defence etc.

Districts

Each Police District is either coterminous with the Revenue district or in the case of Government Railway Police districts, is located within a number of revenue districts. It is headed by a District Superintendent of Police (or simply called Superintendent of Police). Each district comprises two or more Sub-Divisions, several Circles and Police Stations. But in recent times, several districts are divided into police districts for better police administration. Each of those police districts are headed by an SP.[10]

Sub-Divisions

Each Sub-Division is headed by one Police officer of the rank Deputy Superintendent of Police (members of West Bengal Police Service, a directly recruited officer or one promoted from the ranks) or an Assistant Superintendent of Police (members of Indian Police Service). In West Bengal, the officer who heads a Sub-Division is known as SDPO i.e. Sub Divisional Police Officer.

Circles

A Circle comprises several Police Stations within a sub-division. An Inspector of Police who heads a police circle is the Circle Inspector of Police or CI.

Stations

A Police Station is the basic unit of policing, responsible for prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of public order, enforcing law in general as well as for performing protection duties and making security arrangements for the constitutional authorities, government functionaries, representatives of the public in different legislative bodies and local self governments, public figures etc.

A Police Station is headed by either a Sub-Inspector (lower subordinate rank), mostly in rural areas or an Inspector (an upper subordinate rank), mostly in urban areas. Police outposts are headed by a Sub-Inspector or Assistant Sub Inspector. After the year 2009 both ASI and SI have equal investigation power and both serve as duty officers.

Police ranks

Main article: List of police ranks in India

The Director General functions from the West Bengal Police Directorate, located in the Writers' Buildings, the State Government's main Secretariat in Central Kolkata. He is assisted by a team of senior officers from the ranks of Additional Director General & Inspector General of Police to Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIG — a post equivalent in rank and status to the Superintendent of Police). Officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police are selected by the West Bengal Public Service Commission through the West Bengal Civil Service (Executive & other services) examinations. In addition to this, the directly recruited Sub Inspectors of Police may also become Deputy Superintendent of Police on promotion.

The West Bengal Police maintains the following ranks:

Designation in State Police Designation in Commissionerate Abbreviation
Director General of Police Commissioner of Police DGP or CP
Additional Director General of Police Special Commissioner of Police Addl. DGP or Spl. CP
Inspector General of Police Additional Commissioner of Police IGP(IG) or Addl. CP
Deputy Inspector General of Police Joint Commissioner of Police DIG or Jt. CP
Senior Superintendent of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection Grade) SSP or DCP
Superintendent of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police SP or DCP
Additional Superintendent of Police Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police Addl.. SP or Addl. DCP
Deputy Superintendent of Police
/Sub Divisional Police Officer
Assistant Commissioner of Police DSP/SDPO or ACP
Assistant Superintendent of Police Same in both state and city police Asst. SP
Police Inspector Inspector
Sub-inspector SI
Assistant Sub-Inspector ASI
Senior Police Constable ( Unarmed division)
Junior Police Constable (Entry level armed division)

Organisation

The Police Manual of West Bengal Police was compiled and issued during British Raj and is known as the Police Regulations of Bengal(PRB), 1943 and with subsequent modifications and corrections, is the guiding source of internal Police Organization and Administration under its area of responsibility. The WBP is divided into a number of units:

Local Intelligence Unit

Post 2014 Burdwan blast, which unearthed Bangladesh-based militant group Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh, middle-east's terrorist group Islamic State and Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence terror module, the need for strengthening the local intelligence gathering mechanism was first felt. Following the incident the state govt has set up a new intelligence agency to counter terrorism, bust terror modules and invigilate suspicious movements in West Bengal and also to foil militant infiltration into the state.[11]

Armed Police

The Armed Battalions consisting of State Armed Police (SAP), Eastern Frontier Rifles (EFR) and India Reserve Battalions (IRBs),

Civil Police

The Civil Police consists of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Counter Insurgency Force (CIF), Enforcement Branch (EB), Intelligence Branch (IB), Traffic Branch, Police Telecommunications, Training Wing, State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB) & Police Computer Centre (PCC).

STRACO

An elite force named "STRACO" has been created to combat insurgency & terrorism, posted in West Zone to fight Maoist guerrillas. WBP is raising another new "Counter Insurgency" force on the line of Gray Hound Special Force of Andhra Pradesh Police.

STF

West Bengal government created new directorate of the Special Task Force under West Bengal Police[12]

SVSPA

The Swami Vivekananda State Police Academy (SVSPA) is the state level police training institution catering to the training needs of West Bengal Police and Kolkata Police. The Academy conducts basic training for DSP Probationers, Cadet Sub-Inspectors of both Armed & Un-Armed branches and Recruit Constables for West Bengal Police and also for Warders and Inspectors of Correctional Services, Sub-Inspectors and Sergeants of Kolkata Police. The Academy also conducts Pre-promotional training for Constables, Asst. SI's and SI's for their promotion to the next rank besides conducting various short in- service training courses on different professional issues. SVSPA is well equipped with in-house faculty members both for academic indoor training and outdoor training. Besides, a number of eminent faculty members from different disciplines take classes for the training programs. These include academicians, experts from Forensic Science Medicine, scientific officers/experts from Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL) & Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), lawyers, judicial officers and senior police officers.[13]

Recruitments

Entries are done at the following ranks:

  1. Recruitments to the posts of Constables / Lady constables, Sub Inspectors and Lady Sub inspectors are done by West Bengal Police Recruitment Board.
  2. West Bengal Police Service: Officers selected through West Bengal Civil Service (Group-B) etc., examination conducted by West Bengal Public Service Commission are appointed as Deputy Superintendent of Police.
  3. Indian Police Service: Officers selected through Civil Service Examinations conducted by Union Public Service Commission are appointed as Assistant Superintendent of Police during their probationary period. Upon confirmation to the service, they are appointed as Additional Superintendent of Police.

Eastern Frontier Rifles

Main article: Eastern Frontier Rifles

The Eastern Frontier Rifles are an armed police force of the WBP, the purpose of which is to control major law & order problems, communal riots and terrorist attacks. Many contingents of EFR are deployed in various disturbed areas of the State. However, in recent years the effectiveness of this force has been weakened by overuse and prolonged deployment at Police Stations for day-to-day law & order duties. The headquarters of EFR is at Salua, near Kharagpur.

Counter Insurgency Force

Main article: Counter Insurgency Force

The specialised force of the CIF was raised by the Government following the worsening situation in the Jungle Mahals. The force was charged with the specific task of curbing presence of the maoists within the state. The force was allowed its own recruiting process so as to select the best men from within the force. The force is headed by an Additional Director General of Police ranked officer.

Insignia of West Bengal Police (State Police)

Indian State Police Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia[14][15][16]
Insignia
Assistant Superintendent of Police.png
Deupty Superintendent of Police.png
Rank Additional Superintendent of Police Deputy Superintendent of Police
Abbreviation Addl. SP DSP/Dy. SP
  • Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks DSP and SP.
  • Officers usually undergo training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy are awarded IPS to attain Assistant SP rank (1 year of service) but this varies from state to state.
Indian Police non-gazetted officers rank insignia [17][18][19]
Insignia
Police Inspector insignia.png
Assistant Police Inspector.png
Police Sub-Inspector.png
Assistant Sub-Inspector.png
Head Constable.png
Police Head Constable.png

Police Naik.png
Senior Police Constable.png
No insignia
Rank Inspector Assistant inspector[note 1] Sub-inspector Assistant sub-inspector Head constable[note 2] Senior police constable
Police Naik[note 3]
Constable
Abbreviation INS API SI ASI HC SC PC
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevrons may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police services.


Equipment

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This rank only exists in the Maharashtra Police.
  2. ^ Shoulder insignia rank only used in the Maharashtra Police.
  3. ^ Shoulder insignia rank only used in the Maharashtra Police.

References

  1. ^ "2018 WBPS list" (PDF), WB Police Gazette
  2. ^ "PRS Budget Analysis" (PDF). 11 March 2022. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  3. ^ "West Bengal Police".
  4. ^ সংবাদদাতা, নিজস্ব. "West Bengal Police: দুই বছরের জন্য রাজ্য পুলিশের ডিজি নিযুক্ত হলেন মনোজ মালব্য, শীঘ্রই নেবেন দায়িত্বভার". www.anandabazar.com. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  5. ^ "Police Stations under West Bengal Police Jurisdection". Department of Information & Cultural Affairs(I&CA), Government of West Bengal. 30 April 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Minhaj, Adnan (7 November 2021). "West Bengal Police to set up dog squads in all districts". The Siasat Daily 7:39 pm IST. pp. Offbeat. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  7. ^ "Acting DGP Malaviya becomes DGP for 2 yrs". www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Organization chart of West Bengal Police". WBP. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  9. ^ "WB govt to set up two new police commissionerates", Indian Express, retrieved 15 November 2017
  10. ^ Nandi, Soumitra (21 February 2017). "Three new police districts to be set up". The Asian Age. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  11. ^ Gupta, Saibal (30 December 2016). "West Bengal to get grassroots eyes & ears". The Times of India 03.07 AM IST. pp. Kolkata News. Archived from the original on 31 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.((cite news)): CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  12. ^ "West Bengal govt creates new directorate of Special Task Force". Financial Express. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  13. ^ "SVSPA: The Seedbed Where Future Cops Grow". theprotector.in. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Governance of Kerala Police". Kerala Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  18. ^ "Governance of Kerala Police". Kerala Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  19. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  20. ^ The Times of India (6 August 2016). "Excalibur muscle for Bengal police". timesofindia.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  21. ^ NYOOOZ (6 August 2016). "Excalibur muscle for Bengal police". nyoooz.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "WEST BENGAL POLICE GAZETTE" (PDF). www.policewb.gov.in. West Bengal Police Authority. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2016.