|Western Dedicated Freight Corridor|
|Status||630 km - Operational 874 km - Under construction|
|Locale||Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra|
|Termini||North: Dadri, Uttar Pradesh|
South: JNPT, Navi Mumbai
|Line length||1,504 km (935 mi)|
|Track gauge||5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) Indian broad gauge|
Western Dedicated Freight Corridor or Western DFC is a 1,504 km long, under-construction broad gauge freight corridor in India. It will connect Dadri in Uttar Pradesh (near Delhi) with Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. This corridor is being built by the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL), a subsidiary of the Indian Railways, and would be electrified with double-line operation. Western DFC entails a new single-line branch from Prithla in Palwal to Tughlakabad in Delhi, running parallel to existing New Delhi–Faridabad–Palwal railway line.
Western DFC is exclusively for transporting freight at higher speed with increased load-carrying capacity. Main freight includes fertilizers, food grains, salt, coal, iron, steel and cement. It uses Flash Butt Welded head-hardened (HH) 250 metre long rails with axle load capacity of 25t on tracks and 32.5t on bridges compared to the existing 22.9t to 25t axle load used on Indian Railway tracks.
The Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (Eastern DFC) has a 46 km long branch line, that connects Khurja in Bulandshahr district on Eastern DFC with Dadri in Gautam Buddha Nagar district on the Western DFC. The Western DFC along with the Delhi–Mumbai Expressway, will be a vital backbone of the Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC).
The Government of India established the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) on 30 October 2006 to undertake construction of this project. India's first 2 DFCs, Western Dedicated Freight Corridor from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to Navi Mumbai in Maharashtra and Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (Eastern DFC) from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal, via Khurja are aimed at decongesting the railway network by moving 70% of India's goods train to these two corridors. As of August 2021, both DFCs are on track for completion by June 2022.
The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (Western DFC) will begin at Dadri in Uttar Pradesh (near Delhi) covering a new patch of railway line between Dadri - Rewari and then will run parallel to existing railway line via Narnaul, Sri Madhopur and Reengus (Sikar). The other important station will be Phulera and Marwar Junction in Rajasthan, Palanpur, Amli Road (Sabarmati), Makarpura (Vadodara), Gothangam/ Kosad in Gujarat and Vasai Road in Maharashtra before it terminates at JNPT (Nhava Sheva Port) in Maharashtra's Raigad district.
The DFCCIL has divided the construction work of the Western DFC into 5 section for contracting purposes. The 141 km long Dadri–Rewari section also includes Prithla–Tughlakabad branch line.
|Section||Distance||Route||Status||Project contractor||Completion Date|
|Dadri – Rewari||141||Dadri-Prithla-Sohna-Rewari (Branch line: Prithla-Tughlakabad)||Under construction||L&T-Sojitz consortium||2022 March|
|Rewari-Palanpur||630||Rewari-Phulera (near Jaipur)-Ajmer-Marwar-Palanpur||Operational||L&T-Sojitz consortium||2021 March|
|Palanpur-Vadodara||304||Palanpur-Mehsana-Amli Road (near Ahmedabad)-Vadodara||Under construction||L&T-Sojitz-Gayatri Projects consortium||2021 September|
|Vadodara – Sachin||163||Vadodara-Sachin (near Surat)||Under construction||Mitsui-IRCON-Tata Projects consortium||2022 June|
|Sachin – JNPT||265||Sachin (near Surat)-Valsad-Vasai Road-Jawaharlal Nehru Port||Under construction||Mitsui-IRCON-Tata Projects consortium||2022 June|