Western Khmer
Cardamom Khmer
Chanthaburi Khmer
Native toThailand, Cambodia
RegionCardamom Mountains
Austroasiatic
Language codes
ISO 639-3
khm-car
GlottologNone


Western Khmer, also known as Chanthaburi Khmer, is the dialect of the Khmer language spoken by the Khmer people native to the Cardamom Mountains on both sides of the border between western Cambodia and eastern Central Thailand (Chanthaburi Province). Developing in an historically isolated region, Western Khmer is the only dialect of modern Khmer to conserve the Middle Khmer phonation contrast of breathy voice versus modal voice that has been all but lost in the other dialects.[1][2]

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p (pʰ) t (tʰ) c (cʰ) k (kʰ) ʔ
Voiced plosive b d
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Liquid r
l
Fricative (f) s h
Approximant w j

(f) in loan words

Vowels

Clear Vowels[1]
Front Central Back
short long short long short long
Close
Close-mid e ə o
Open-mid ɛ ɛː
Open a ɒ ɒː
Breathy Vowels[1]
Front Central Back
short long short long short long
Close i̤ː ɨ̤ ɨ̤ː ṳː
Close-mid e̤ː ə̤ː o̤ː
Open-mid ɛ̤ː ɔ̤ː
Open

References

  1. ^ a b c Wayland & Jongman. Chanthaburi Vowels: Phonetic and Phonemic Analyses Mon-Khmer Studies 31:65-82
  2. ^ Acoustic correlates of breathy and clear vowels: the case of Khmer. Journal of Phonetics 31 (2003). pp 181-201