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Western Qin (西秦)

苑川 (387–388)
河南 (388–389, 394, 411–414)
金城 (389–394)
梁 (394–395)
秦 (395–400, 409–411, 414–431)
  • 385–400, 409–431
Western Qin and its neighbors in 391 AD
StatusVassal of Former Qin, Later Qin, Jin Dynasty (266–420), Northern Wei
CapitalYongshicheng (385–386)
Wanchuan (386–388, 400, 410–412)
Jincheng (388–395)
Xicheng (395–400)
Dujianshan (409–410)
Tanjiao (412)
Fuhan (412–429)
Dinglian (429–430)
Nan'an (430–431)
• 385–388
Qifu Guoren
• 388–400, 409–412
Qifu Gangui
• 412–428
Qifu Chipan
• 428–431
Qifu Mumo
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Former Qin
Southern Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Northern Liang
Today part ofChina

The Western Qin (Chinese: 西秦; pinyin: Xīqín; 385–400, 409–431) was a state ruled by the Xianbei during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.[1] Note that the Western Qin is entirely distinct from the ancient Qin Dynasty, the Former Qin, and the Later Qin.

All rulers of the Western Qin declared themselves "wang", translatable as either "king" or "prince." They ruled the area that is now southwest part of Gansu province in Northwest China.

Rulers of the Western Qin

Temple name Posthumous name Personal name Durations of reign Era names
Liezu Xuanlie Qifu Guoren 385–388 Jianyi (建義) 385–388
Gaozu Wuyuan Qifu Gangui 388–400, 409–412 Taichu (太初) 388–400
Gengshi (更始) 409–412
Taizu Wenzhao Qifu Chipan 412–428 Yongkang (永康) 412–419
Jianhong (建弘) 420–428
Qifu Mumo 428–431 Yonghong (永弘) 428–431

The family tree of Western Qin rulers

Western Qin
Qifu Sifan 乞伏司繁
(d. 376)
Qifu Guoren 乞伏国仁 (d. 388)
Xuanlie 宣烈
r. 385–388
Qifu Gangui 乞伏乾归 (d. 412)
Wuyuan 武元
r. 388–400; 409–412
Qifu Gongfu 乞伏公府Qifu Achai 乞伏阿柴Qifu Chipan 乞伏熾磐 (d. 428)
Wenzhao 文昭
r. 412–428
Qifu Yuanji 乞伏元基Qifu Mumo 乞伏暮末
d. 431; r. 428–431
Qifu Wanzai 乞伏万载

See also


  1. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.