Wheatland County
Wheatland County Courthouse in Harlowton
Wheatland County Courthouse in Harlowton
Map of Montana highlighting Wheatland County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°28′N 109°50′W / 46.47°N 109.84°W / 46.47; -109.84
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 22, 1917
Named forwheat growing
SeatHarlowton
Largest cityHarlowton
Area
 • Total1,428 sq mi (3,700 km2)
 • Land1,423 sq mi (3,690 km2)
 • Water5.0 sq mi (13 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,069
 • Density1.4/sq mi (0.56/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.harlowtonchamber.com
  • Montana county number 44

Wheatland County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 United States census, the population was 2,069.[1] Its county seat is Harlowton.[2] Wheatland County was established on February 22, 1917, with areas partitioned from Meagher and Sweet Grass counties. It was named for the abundant wheat-growing areas across the center portion of the new county's area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,428 square miles (3,700 km2), of which 1,423 square miles (3,690 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (0.4%) is water.[3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19205,619
19303,751−33.2%
19403,286−12.4%
19503,187−3.0%
19603,026−5.1%
19702,529−16.4%
19802,359−6.7%
19902,246−4.8%
20002,2590.6%
20102,168−4.0%
20202,069−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census,[8] there were 2,259 people, 853 households, and 540 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,154 housing units at an average density of 0.8/square mile (0.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.99% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.4% were of German, 11.6% Norwegian, 7.5% English, 7.4% Irish and 6.5% American ancestry. 87.4% spoke English and 12.2% German as their first language.

There were 853 households, out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were non-families. 34.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

The county population contained 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 22.00% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,492, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $14,185 versus $15,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,954. About 11.10% of families and 20.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 2,168 people, 887 households, and 538 families in the county.[9] The population density was 1.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.58/km2). There were 1,197 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.31/km2).[10] The racial makeup of the county was 95.8% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[9] In terms of ancestry, 35.2% were American, 22.7% were German, 14.1% were English, 11.5% were Irish, and 6.6% were Norwegian.[11]

Of the 887 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.3% were non-families, and 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 44.9 years.[9]

The median income for a household in the county was $30,321 and the median income for a family was $41,161. Males had a median income of $30,769 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,474. About 5.1% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 27.6% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Politics

Wheatland County voters have selected the Republican Party candidate in every national election since 1964 (as of 2016).

United States presidential election results for Wheatland County, Montana[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 823 77.06% 225 21.07% 20 1.87%
2016 702 74.21% 179 18.92% 65 6.87%
2012 693 69.86% 272 27.42% 27 2.72%
2008 657 66.84% 289 29.40% 37 3.76%
2004 706 72.11% 250 25.54% 23 2.35%
2000 708 70.87% 243 24.32% 48 4.80%
1996 563 51.75% 391 35.94% 134 12.32%
1992 478 41.57% 384 33.39% 288 25.04%
1988 667 59.03% 443 39.20% 20 1.77%
1984 753 64.19% 407 34.70% 13 1.11%
1980 742 60.33% 381 30.98% 107 8.70%
1976 755 57.20% 535 40.53% 30 2.27%
1972 761 57.39% 445 33.56% 120 9.05%
1968 673 51.77% 525 40.38% 102 7.85%
1964 583 42.46% 790 57.54% 0 0.00%
1960 793 52.24% 724 47.69% 1 0.07%
1956 932 61.72% 578 38.28% 0 0.00%
1952 1,026 63.85% 572 35.59% 9 0.56%
1948 780 50.88% 733 47.81% 20 1.30%
1944 767 50.59% 733 48.35% 16 1.06%
1940 786 45.12% 948 54.42% 8 0.46%
1936 602 36.29% 1,037 62.51% 20 1.21%
1932 828 45.10% 996 54.25% 12 0.65%
1928 1,207 68.81% 542 30.90% 5 0.29%
1924 723 44.22% 221 13.52% 691 42.26%
1920 1,250 68.79% 520 28.62% 47 2.59%


Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  4. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "United States Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  10. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau]]. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  11. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  14. ^ Hedgesville MT Google Maps (accessed January 7, 2019)
  15. ^ Living Springs MT Google Maps (accessed January 7, 2019)

Coordinates: 46°28′N 109°50′W / 46.47°N 109.84°W / 46.47; -109.84