Whitwell, Tennessee
View of Whitwell with the Cumberland Plateau in the background
View of Whitwell with the Cumberland Plateau in the background
Nickname(s): 
Home of the Children's Holocaust Memorial
Location of Whitwell in Marion County, Tennessee.
Location of Whitwell in Marion County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°11′51″N 85°31′9″W / 35.19750°N 85.51917°W / 35.19750; -85.51917Coordinates: 35°11′51″N 85°31′9″W / 35.19750°N 85.51917°W / 35.19750; -85.51917
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyMarion
Incorporated1956[1]
Named forThomas Whitwell, inventor and mining entrepreneur[2]
Area
 • Total3.51 sq mi (9.09 km2)
 • Land3.51 sq mi (9.09 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation679 ft (207 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,641
 • Density493.02/sq mi (190.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37397
Area code(s)423
FIPS code47-80620[5]
GNIS feature ID1304575[4]
Websitecityofwhitwell.com

Whitwell is a city in Marion County, Tennessee, United States, approximately 24 miles northwest of Chattanooga. The population was 1,641 at the 2020 census.[5] It is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The town that became Whitwell was originally known as Cheekville, but renamed "Whitwell" for Thomas Whitwell, a British metallurgist, inventor and co-founder of the Southern States Coal, Iron and Land Company, who was killed in an accident in his own ironworks in Thornaby in 1878.[7][8][9][2] Whitwell was incorporated as a city in 1956, having grown as a mining town due to the abundance of coal in the mountains near the town. In 1981 there was a major mining accident when 13 coal miners were killed in an explosion. A full list of the names of those killed in the mine explosion is on a monument at Whitwell High School. Whitwell also has an annual Labor Day celebration that has been celebrated for over 50 consecutive years.[10]

Geography

Whitwell is located at 35°11′51″N 85°31′9″W / 35.19750°N 85.51917°W / 35.19750; -85.51917 (35.197570, -85.519082).[11] It is situated in the southwestern Sequatchie Valley at the base of a relatively steep escarpment of the Cumberland Plateau. The Sequatchie River passes just east of the city, and forms a portion of its southeastern boundary.

Tennessee State Route 28 (Hudson Street), which forms part of the main north–south corridor in the valley, connects Whitwell with Dunlap to the north and Jasper to the south. State Route 283 connects Whitwell with Powells Crossroads across the Sequatchie river to the east, and State Route 108 (South Main Street) connects Whitwell with Grundy County atop the Plateau to the northwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), of which 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) is land and 0.30% is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890906
19601,857
19701,669−10.1%
19801,7836.8%
19901,622−9.0%
20001,6602.3%
20101,6992.3%
2019 (est.)1,730[6]1.8%
Sources:[12][13]

2020 census

Whitwell racial composition[14]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,489 90.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 20 1.22%
Native American 3 0.18%
Asian 6 0.37%
Other/Mixed 65 3.96%
Hispanic or Latino 58 3.53%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,641 people, 784 households, and 536 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 1,669 people, 714 households, and 469 families residing in the city. The population density was 514.8 people per square mile (197.5/km2). There were 825 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.[5]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 727 households, out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,458, and the median income for a family was $31,151. Males had a median income of $26,550 versus $21,532 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,249. About 13.2% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Further information: Marion County, Tennessee § Education

Whitwell has three schools: Whitwell Elementary School, Whitwell Middle School, and Whitwell High School.

In 2018, Whitwell High School's Football team, the Whitwell Tigers, finished the season 15–0, defeated Cornersville in the 1-A State Championship 7–6.

Paper Clips Project

Whitwell has become renowned for the Paper Clips Project, a Holocaust memorial and educational project, that was carried out by children of the local middle school starting in 1998. A subsequent documentary was made about the children's achievement. This project started because students at the local middle school wanted to visually grasp how much six million was. The students started collecting paper clips, one for every Jew who was murdered in the Holocaust during World War II. This project soon attracted media attention and international support. Many Jewish notables sent paper clips representing lost members of their families. The children collected well over the number of paper clips they wanted (11 million, representing all noncombatant prisoners---Jew and Gentile---killed by the Nazis). The total collected number of paper clips now stands between ten and fifty million. This number is approximately equal to the total number of war deaths between 1939 and 1945. The rail car that appears in the movie is original rolling stock, actually used to transport Jews to the concentration camps. This rail car is located at the Whitwell Middle School. The Middle School routinely hosts Holocaust survivors as well as other guest speakers on the subject of the Holocaust.

Notable persons

References

  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  2. ^ a b Armes, Ethel (2011). The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama. University of Alabama Press. pp. 385–386.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Whitwell, Tennessee
  5. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  7. ^ Adler, Dorothy (1970). British Investment in American Railways, 1834-1898. Charlottesville University Press. p. 124.
  8. ^ "Thomas Whitwell – Founder of the Cleveland Institution of Engineers". Stockton On Tees Borough Council Archive. Heritage Stockton. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  9. ^ Wilkins, Mira (1989). The History of Foreign Investment in the United States to 1914. Harvard University Press. p. 294.
  10. ^ Whitwell City website
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-25.