Wilcox County
Wilcox County Courthouse in Abbeville
Map of Georgia highlighting Wilcox County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°58′N 83°26′W / 31.97°N 83.44°W / 31.97; -83.44
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 22, 1857; 165 years ago (1857)
Named forMark Wilcox
SeatAbbeville
Largest cityAbbeville
Area
 • Total382 sq mi (990 km2)
 • Land378 sq mi (980 km2)
 • Water4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
8,812
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.wilcoxcountygeorgia.com

Wilcox County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,255.[1] The county seat is Abbeville.[2]

History

Wilcox County was formed on December 22, 1857, from parts of Irwin, Pulaski, and Dooly counties. The county was named for General Mark Wilcox, a Georgia state legislator and one of the founders of the Georgia Supreme Court.[3]

The first county courthouse was built in 1858; the present courthouse dates from 1903.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 382 square miles (990 km2), of which 378 square miles (980 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

The northern and eastern three-quarters of Wilcox County, from State Route 215 southeast to Rochelle, then due south, are located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The southwestern portion of the county, west of Rochelle, and roughly centered on Pitts, is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin.[6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,115
18702,43915.3%
18803,10927.5%
18907,980156.7%
190011,09739.1%
191013,48621.5%
192015,51115.0%
193013,439−13.4%
194012,755−5.1%
195010,167−20.3%
19607,905−22.2%
19706,998−11.5%
19807,6829.8%
19907,008−8.8%
20008,57722.4%
20109,2557.9%
2018 (est.)8,812[7]−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,577 people, 2,785 households, and 1,977 families living in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 3,320 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.61% White, 36.21% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 1.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,785 households, out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 123.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,483, and the median income for a family was $34,968. Males had a median income of $27,171 versus $20,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,014. About 16.80% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,255 people, 2,891 households, and 2,027 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 24.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.5/km2). There were 3,510 housing units at an average density of 9.3 per square mile (3.6/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% white, 35.1% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 11.1% were American, 10.1% were Irish, 9.2% were English, and 6.1% were German.[14]

Of the 2,891 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 39.7 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $30,784 and the median income for a family was $40,552. Males had a median income of $30,755 versus $26,641 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,692. About 18.4% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 24.9% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census

Wilcox County racial composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,185 59.15%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,096 35.32%
Native American 3 0.03%
Asian 49 0.56%
Pacific Islander 3 0.03%
Other/Mixed 158 1.8%
Hispanic or Latino 272 3.1%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,766 people, 2,575 households, and 1,807 families residing in the county.

Education

The county is served by Wilcox County Schools. The district headquarters are in Abbeville and the schools, including Wilcox County High School, are in Rochelle.

Notable event

The Ocmulgee Wild Hog Festival takes place in Abbeville annually on the Saturday before Mother's Day.[17]

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated place

Politics

United States presidential election results for Wilcox County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,402 73.25% 861 26.26% 16 0.49%
2016 2,096 70.43% 852 28.63% 28 0.94%
2012 2,053 65.55% 1,060 33.84% 19 0.61%
2008 2,159 68.24% 978 30.91% 27 0.85%
2004 1,705 65.18% 902 34.48% 9 0.34%
2000 1,381 58.39% 962 40.68% 22 0.93%
1996 882 41.56% 1,067 50.28% 173 8.15%
1992 916 33.64% 1,365 50.13% 442 16.23%
1988 1,235 53.26% 1,079 46.53% 5 0.22%
1984 1,218 50.12% 1,212 49.88% 0 0.00%
1980 827 31.44% 1,780 67.68% 23 0.87%
1976 346 13.85% 2,153 86.15% 0 0.00%
1972 1,863 85.54% 315 14.46% 0 0.00%
1968 381 14.28% 465 17.43% 1,822 68.29%
1964 1,794 66.59% 900 33.41% 0 0.00%
1960 306 15.15% 1,714 84.85% 0 0.00%
1956 232 12.10% 1,686 87.90% 0 0.00%
1952 301 13.81% 1,878 86.19% 0 0.00%
1948 75 6.73% 791 70.94% 249 22.33%
1944 206 13.12% 1,364 86.88% 0 0.00%
1940 118 11.60% 890 87.51% 9 0.88%
1936 195 15.44% 1,066 84.40% 2 0.16%
1932 25 3.88% 619 95.97% 1 0.16%
1928 216 32.00% 459 68.00% 0 0.00%
1924 21 4.29% 431 87.96% 38 7.76%
1920 106 18.06% 481 81.94% 0 0.00%
1916 58 8.79% 590 89.39% 12 1.82%
1912 29 5.10% 525 92.27% 15 2.64%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 253. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  17. ^ "Ocmulgee Wild Hog Festival". www.hogfestival.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 24, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°58′N 83°26′W / 31.97°N 83.44°W / 31.97; -83.44