William B. Kannel (December 13, 1923 in Brooklyn – August 20, 2011) was a former director of the Framingham Heart Study and a former head of the American Heart Association's Council of Epidemiology.[1][2] He was among the recipients of the 1976 Gairdner Foundation International Award.[3][4] He coined the term "risk factor", which first appeared in a 1961 article in Annals of Internal Medicine.[5]


  1. ^ Obituary at Boston University
  2. ^ "Kannel, renowned medical researcher, dead at 87". The Washington Post. 2011-08-22. Archived from the original on 2020-02-02.
  3. ^ Gairdner Foundation International Award page for William B. Kannel
  4. ^ "American Heart Association page on the William B. Kannel Memorial Lectureship Fund in Preventive Cardiology". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  5. ^ Husten, Larry (23 August 2011). "William Kannel, Former Director of the Framingham Heart Study, Dead at 87". Forbes.