William B. Spencer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 5th district
In office
June 8, 1876 – January 8, 1877
Preceded byFrank Morey
Succeeded byJohn E. Leonard
Personal details
Born(1835-02-05)February 5, 1835
Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, U.S.
DiedFebruary 12, 1882(1882-02-12) (aged 47)
Córdoba, Veracruz, Mexico
Political partyDemocratic Party
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Branch/service Confederate States Army
Confederate States of America Captain.png
UnitLouisiana 11th Battalion Louisiana Infantry, Company F[1]

William Brainerd Spencer (February 5, 1835 – February 12, 1882) was an attorney and politician of the planter class, elected as U.S. Representative from Louisiana in 1876, in a contested election decided in his favor and against the Republican Party candidate. That year the Democratic Party regained control of the Louisiana state legislature.

He resigned when appointed in 1877 as Associate Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court, serving until 1880. After that he resumed the practice of law.

Early life, education and marriage

Born on "Home Plantation," in Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, Spencer received his early schooling under private tutors. His parents were slaveholders. He was graduated from Centenary College, Jackson, Louisiana, in 1855 and from the law department of the University of Louisiana at New Orleans (now Tulane University) in 1857. He married Henrietta Elam, sister of Joseph Barton Elam, who would later serve in the United States Congress.


Spencer was admitted to the bar in 1857 and commenced practice in Harrisonburg, Louisiana. He served in the Confederate States Army, with the rank of captain, until 1863, when he was captured. He was held as a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island, Ohio, until the close of the Civil War.

After returning to Louisiana, Spencer resumed the practice of law in Vidalia, in 1866. He successfully contested as a Democrat a special election against Republican Frank Morey. He was elected to the Forty-fourth Congress and served from June 8, 1876, to January 8, 1877, when he resigned to accept a judicial appointment.

Spencer was appointed Associate Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court on January 9, 1877, which position he held until his resignation April 3, 1880. He again resumed the practice of law in New Orleans, Louisiana.

According to his tombstone, he died in Cordóba, Mexico, April 29, 1882. He was interred in Magnolia Cemetery, Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1882.


  1. ^ Booth, Andrew (1920). Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands. New Orleans, La. p. 661.
U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byFrank Morey Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 5th congressional district June 8, 1876 – January 8, 1877 Succeeded byJohn E. Leonard