The Viscount Bridgeman
William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman.png
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
6 November 1924 – 4 June 1929
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterStanley Baldwin
Preceded byThe Viscount Chelmsford
Succeeded byA. V. Alexander
Home Secretary
In office
25 October 1922 – 22 January 1924
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterBonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded byEdward Shortt
Succeeded byArthur Henderson
Secretary for Mines
In office
22 August 1920 – 25 October 1922
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byGeorge Lane-Fox
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
In office
10 January 1919 – 22 August 1920
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Preceded byGeorge Wardle
Succeeded bySir Philip Lloyd-Greame
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour
In office
22 December 1916 – 10 January 1919
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byGeorge Wardle
Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
In office
30 May 1915 – 5 December 1916
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byCecil Beck
Succeeded byJames Hope
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
18 June 1929 – 14 August 1935
Hereditary peerage
Preceded byPeerage created
Succeeded byThe 2nd Viscount Bridgeman
Member of Parliament
for Oswestry
In office
8 February 1906 – 30 May 1929
Preceded byAllan Heywood Bright
Succeeded byBertie Leighton
Personal details
Born31 December 1864 (1864-12-31)
London
Died14 August 1935(1935-08-14) (aged 70)
Leigh Manor, Shropshire
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Caroline Parker (d. 1961)
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

William Clive Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman, PC, JP, DL (31 December 1864 – 14 August 1935) was a British Conservative politician and peer. He notably served as Home Secretary between 1922 and 1924. He was also an active cricketer.

Background and education

Bridgeman was born in London, UK, the son of Reverend Hon. John Robert Orlando Bridgeman, third son of the 2nd Earl of Bradford, and Marianne Caroline Clive. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] While there he was secretary of the Pitt Club.[2]

Cricketing

While at Cambridge, he played first-class cricket for the Cambridge University Cricket Club.[3] Below first-class he played at county level for Shropshire, appearing 31 times between 1884 and 1903, achieving a century in one match with 159 runs, while playing at club level for Worthen and for Blymhill in Staffordshire. In 1931 he served as President of the Marylebone Cricket Club.[4]

Political career

Bridgeman entered a career in politics early, becoming assistant private secretary to Lord Knutsford, the Colonial Secretary (1889–1892), and then to Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, the Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1895 to 1897. In 1897 he became a member of the London School Board, and in 1904 he was elected to the London County Council. In 1906 he was elected as a member of parliament (MP) for Oswestry, staying in this seat until his retirement in 1929. In 1909 he was appointed a member of a Royal Commission on the selection of Justices of the Peace.[5]

In 1911, Bridgeman became an opposition whip, and became a government whip in the Asquith coalition government in 1915. From 1915 to 1916, he was Lord of the Treasury[6] and Assistant Director of the War Trade Department. With the creation of Lloyd George's coalition in 1916, Bridgeman became Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour until 1919, and then Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade in 1919 and 1920, and then served as Secretary for Mines from 1920 to 1922. In these roles, Bridgeman became a devoted opponent of strikes and socialism, although he came to admire more moderate trade unionists. He was appointed to the Privy Council on 13 October 1920.[7]

In October 1922, Bridgeman was one of the leaders of the Conservative revolt against the coalition's leadership, and he became Home Secretary in the new Conservative governments of Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin from 1922 until January 1924. He developed here a reputation for harshness and resolve, which continued in his time as First Lord of the Admiralty from November 1924[8][9] to June 1929. Throughout, he was one of Conservative leader Stanley Baldwin's closest allies. Bridgeman retired from the Commons in 1929, and on 18 June that year was created Viscount Bridgeman, of Leigh in the County of Shropshire.[10]

Later life

In his later years, he served as chairman of various commissions and committees, as well as, briefly, Chairman of the BBC. He became Justice of Peace and Deputy Lieutenant of Shropshire, and received an Honorary Doctor of Law from the University of Cambridge in 1930.

Family

Arms of Viscount Bridgeman
Arms of Viscount Bridgeman

Lord Bridgeman married Caroline Beatrix Parker, daughter of Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker and Rosamond Esther Harriet Longley, daughter of the Most Rev. Charles Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Eccleston, Chester, on 30 April 1895. They had four children:

Lord Bridgeman died in Leigh Manor, Shropshire, on 14 August 1935, aged 70, and was buried in the churchyard at Hope near Minsterley three days later. The Viscountess Bridgeman died in December 1961.

References

  1. ^ "Bridgeman, William Clive (BRGN884WC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ Fletcher, Walter Morley (2011) [1935]. The University Pitt Club: 1835–1935 (First Paperback ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-107-60006-5.
  3. ^ CricketArchive: William Bridgeman
  4. ^ Percival, Tony (1999). Shropshire Cricketers 1844-1998. A.C.S. Publications, Nottingham. pp. 8, 41. ISBN 1-902171-17-9.Published under Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians.
  5. ^ "No. 28307". The London Gazette. 12 November 1909. pp. 8344–5.
  6. ^ "No. 29189". The London Gazette. 11 June 1915. p. 5630.
  7. ^ "No. 32759". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 October 1922. p. 7528.
  8. ^ "No. 32989". The London Gazette. 7 November 1924. p. 8042.
  9. ^ "No. 32992". The London Gazette. 14 November 1924. p. 8245.
  10. ^ "No. 33508". The London Gazette. 21 June 1929. p. 4118.

Sources

Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byAllan Heywood Bright Member of Parliament for Oswestry 19061929 Succeeded byBertie Leighton Political offices Preceded byEdward Shortt Home Secretary 1922–1924 Succeeded byArthur Henderson Preceded byThe Viscount Chelmsford First Lord of the Admiralty 1924–1929 Succeeded byA. V. Alexander Media offices Preceded byJohn Henry Whitley Chairman of the BBC Board of Governors 1935 Succeeded byRonald Collet Norman Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Viscount Bridgeman 1929–1935 Succeeded byRobert Clive Bridgeman