William C. deMille
De Mille c. 1904
Born
William Churchill deMille

(1878-07-25)July 25, 1878
DiedMarch 5, 1955(1955-03-05) (aged 76)
OccupationScreenwriter, film director
Spouse(s)
(m. 1903; div. 1927)

(m. 1928; his death 1955)
ChildrenAgnes de Mille
Peggy George
Parent(s)Henry Churchill de Mille
Beatrice deMille
RelativesCecil B. DeMille (brother)
Katherine DeMille (niece)
Richard de Mille (nephew)

William Churchill deMille (July 25, 1878 – March 5, 1955), also spelled de Mille or De Mille, was an American screenwriter and film director from the silent film era through the early 1930s.[1] He was also a noted playwright prior to moving into film. Once he was established in film he specialized in adapting Broadway plays into silent films.[2]

Biography

De Mille was born in Washington, North Carolina, to Henry Churchill de Mille, an actor and playwright from North Carolina, and Matilda Beatrice Samuel, who was also a play and screenwriter. His father was a Christian whilst his mother was born to a German-Jewish family in Liverpool but converted to her husband's faith.[citation needed]

William was the elder brother of Cecil B. DeMille, who altered the capitalization of his last name when he went to Hollywood, claiming that it fit better on marquees. (William continued to be known as "de Mille",[citation needed] and his daughter Agnes also chose "de Mille".) William received a bachelor's degree from Columbia University followed by graduate studies at the Academy of Dramatic Arts, at schools in Germany, and a second stint at Columbia studying under Brander Matthews.

De Mille directing a scene using a "Magna Vox" voice amplification device
De Mille directing a scene using a "Magna Vox" voice amplification device

In 1903, he married Anna Angela George, the daughter of notable economist Henry George. Anna and William had two children, Agnes de Mille – named after a younger sister who died in childhood – who became a noted choreographer and Peggy George, who became an actress.

Professionally, their life was stable. In 1905, he became successful Broadway playwright,[3][4] following its development in 1904.[5]

William had nine plays he wrote or co-wrote – one of them with Cecil – produced on Broadway between 1905 and 1913, and another two productions mounted in 1929 and 1936,[6] the latter of which he produced and directed as well.[7]

His first play, Strongheart was eventually released as a movie by his brother as Braveheart (1925). Two of William's works, The Warrens of Virginia (1907)[8] and The Woman (1911)[9] were produced by the flamboyant impresario David Belasco. The former featured future film star Mary Pickford and Cecil, both struggling actors playing minor roles.[8]

He wrote a number of vaudeville sketches including In 1999, Food, Poor Old Jim, The Squealer, The Martyrs, and The Deceivers.[10]

Cecil eventually moved to Hollywood, and William followed. His directorial debut was The Only Son (1914).

Personal life

William C. deMille and Anna Angela George divorced in 1927.[11] One of the writers of Miss Lulu Bett was Clara Beranger, whom deMille married in 1929.[1]

At about this time, he met Lorna Moon, an established New York author from Scotland, who also wrote sophisticated Hollywood comedies.[citation needed]

In 1998, Richard de Mille, who had grown up in Cecil's household, revealed in the memoir My Secret Mother, Lorna Moon that William C. deMille was his father and screenwriter Moon his biological mother. Richard had been adopted by Cecil B. and Constance DeMille to avoid a family scandal.[citation needed]

In addition to his filmmaking fame, William deMille was an early member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. (His brother was a founding member.)[citation needed]

With Douglas Fairbanks, he co-hosted the 1st Academy Awards in 1929, and he solely hosted the 2nd Academy Awards the following year. He served as President of the Academy briefly. DeMille helped found the USC Film School in 1929, and after his East Coast theatrical career failed to revive in the early 1930s, he was active on the faculty there until his death.[citation needed]

Death

Tombs of Cecil Blount DeMille (right), Constance DeMille (left), William DeMille (urn in front), Clara DeMille (stone below urn in front)
Tombs of Cecil Blount DeMille (right), Constance DeMille (left), William DeMille (urn in front), Clara DeMille (stone below urn in front)

DeMille died on March 5, 1955 in Playa del Rey, California.[1] He is interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.

Partial filmography

Books

References

  1. ^ a b c "W.C. De Mille, 76, Playwright, Dies. Author Of 'The Warrens Of Virginia' Was Brother Of Noted Film Producer". New York Times. March 6, 1955.
  2. ^ William C. deMille bio by Hal Erickson at allrovi.com
  3. ^ Hischak, Thomas S. (May 6, 2004). The Oxford Companion to American Theatre. Oxford University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-19-516986-7.
  4. ^ Michael Schwartz (2007). A Matter for Experts: Broadway 1900--1920 and the Rise of the Professional Managerial Class. ProQuest. pp. 107–114. ISBN 978-0-549-45115-0.
  5. ^ "The new play…". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago, IL. October 2, 1904. p. 1. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  6. ^ William C. deMille at the Internet Broadway Database
  7. ^ "Hallowe'en (1936)", Internet Broadway Database; accessed December 28, 2017.
  8. ^ a b "The Warrens of Virginia (1907)" on the Internet Broadway Database; accessed December 29, 2017.
  9. ^ "The Woman (1911)", IBDB.com; accessed December 29, 2017.
  10. ^ Powell, William S. (ed.) Dictionary of North Carolina Biography: Vol. 2, D-G, pg. 52 (1986); accessed December 29, 2017.
  11. ^ "Wife Divorces William C. DeMille". New York Times. August 6, 1927.
  12. ^ deMille, William C. (2007). "24: The Excitements of Celluloid: The Camel's Nose". In Peter Wild (ed.). The Grumbling Gods: a Palm Springs Reader. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press. ISBN 978-0-87480-899-5. OCLC 122974473, 608203796, 608020250 (print and on-line), quoting deMille in Hollywood Saga. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton. 1939. pp. 319. OCLC 1353346. (Rouben Mamoulian Collection (Library of Congress) First edition OCLC 655475937) (Also catalogued at OCLC 494267566, 475574309; and OCLC 591194207 (eBook)); and see The Heir to the Hoorah at the American Film Institute Catalog
Non-profit organization positions Preceded byDouglas Fairbanks President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences1929–1931 Succeeded byM. C. Levee