Wind power in Scania, Sweden
Wind power in Scania, Sweden
Lillgrund Wind Farm in Sweden

Sweden consumes about 150 terawatt hours of electricity per year,[1] of which about 19.8 TW·h (14.2%) was generated from domestic wind power resources in 2019, up from 2.4% in 2010 and 0.3% in 2000.[2][3]

In its official forecast as of February 2019, the Swedish Wind Energy Association (SWEA) projects that cumulative wind power capacity in the country will rise to 12.8 GW by the end of 2022 - 91% higher than 2017's 6.7 GW.[4] Such an expansion could increase the share of Sweden's electricity use met by wind power to over 20%.

Statistics

Main article: Wind power in the European Union

Wind power in Sweden[5][6]
Year Capacity
(MW)
Generation
(GWh)
Generation
(% of usage)1
2000 241 447 0.3%
2001 295 482 0.3%
2002 345 608 0.4%
2003 404 679 0.5%
2004 452 850 0.6%
2005 493 949 0.6%
2006 583 988 0.7%
2007 832 1,432 1.0%
2008 1,085 1,996 1.4%
2009 1,444 2,485 1.8%
2010 2,004 3,502 2.4%
2011 2,769 6,101 4.3%
2012 3,582 7,165 5.0%
2013 4,469 9,842 7.1%
2014 5,519 11,234 8.4%
2015 6,025 16,268 11.9%
2016 6,519 15,479 11.0%
2017 6,691 17,609 12.4%
2018 7,407 16,623 11.7%
2019 8,985 19,847 14.2%
2020 9,992 27,526 20.3%

1 Excluding exports

Future developments

This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: All future projects outdated by 10 years. All links dead in section.. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2019)

Swedish package and paper products company Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget and Norwegian power company Statkraft planned in 2009 to invest 16 billion kronor (€1.73 billion; US$2.4 billion) in a project which would consist of around 400 wind turbines in seven wind farms in Jämtland and Västernorrland counties. Statkraft will provide financing and SCA the land.[7]

"... the wind power venture would involve production of 2,800 gigawatt hours, or GWh, of wind power electricity a year, accounting for between two to three percent of Sweden's electricity production."[7]

The Markbygden Wind Farm is a series of wind farms in Norrbotten County, with a future capacity of up to 4 GW.[8] If built out, the 55 billion kronor (€5.1 billion, US$6.9 billion) project would be the largest wind farm in Europe.[9] The wind farm would cover some 450 square kilometres, comprising about 1,100 wind turbines, and is expected to produce up to 12 TW·h of electricity per year (i.e. an average power of up to 1.4 GW).[10] As of 2021, about 1.1 GW had been installed.

In 2021, the Swedish government ordered new transmission to be planned for offshore wind connections.[11]

Controversy

The Association for Swedish Landscape Protection is in opposition to wind power.[12] Their chairman says:

It is beginning to get through, I think, that with the existing nuclear and hydro power available in Sweden, the role for intermittent wind power is marginal and primarily as an exercise in the following of ”fashion”. It has little to contribute to either generation capacity or transmission security. And it is expensive.

— Elisabeth von Brömsen, Public radio SR, March 2011

At the time of making the statement in 2011, wind power accounted for 4.3% of the electricity in Sweden as listed above. As of 2017 it accounted for 12.4%. Comparing the levelized cost of energy, as of November 2019 wind power was estimated at 28 to 54 USD per MWh, compared to 118 to 192 USD per MWh for nuclear power.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Electricity supply, district heating and supply of natural and gasworks gas 2010" (PDF). Statistics Sweden (SCB) & Swedish Energy Agency page 5. Statistics for year 2010. March 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  2. ^ Swedish Energy Agency
  3. ^ Energiläget i siffror 2014 18: Sveriges elproduktion per kraftslag och total elanvändning 1970–2012
  4. ^ Svensk Vindenergi (2019-02-12). "Statistics and forecast - Q4 2018" (PDF). p. 12/15. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  5. ^ Energy in Sweden
  6. ^ Statistics Sweden (2021-10-28). "Electricity supply and use 2001–2020 (GWh)". Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  7. ^ a b Sweden's SCA, Norway's Statkraft in $2.4 billion wind power venture
  8. ^ "Svevind and Enercon Team up for 4GW Wind Plan". Clean Edge (from New Energy Finance). June 26, 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
  9. ^ "Europe's biggest wind farm planned in Sweden". Agence France-Presse (AFP). April 6, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
  10. ^ "Sweden looks to build world's largest wind farm". InTech. International Society of Automation (ISA). April 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
  11. ^ "Swedish Government to Instruct State-Owned TSO to Build Offshore Grid Infrastructure". Offshore Wind. 15 October 2021. Archived from the original on 15 October 2021.
  12. ^ http://www.nyteknik.se/nyheter/energi_miljo/vindkraft/article2498154.ece
  13. ^ "Lazard's Levelized Cost of Energy" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved November 29, 2019.