Winfried Kretschmann
Kretschmann in 2018
Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg
Assumed office
12 May 2011
DeputyNils Schmid
Thomas Strobl
Preceded byStefan Mappus
President of the Bundesrat
In office
1 November 2012 – 31 October 2013
DeputyHorst Seehofer
Preceded byHorst Seehofer
Succeeded byStephan Weil
Member of the
Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
for Nürtingen
Assumed office
13 March 2016
Preceded byThaddäus Kunzmann
ConstituencyFirst Mandate
In office
20 March 1988 – 13 March 2016
ConstituencySecond Mandate
In office
16 March 1980 – 25 March 1984
ConstituencySecond Mandate
Personal details
Born (1948-05-17) 17 May 1948 (age 75)
Spaichingen, Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Allied-occupied Germany
Political partyAlliance '90/Greens
SpouseGerlinde Kretschmann (since 1975)
Alma materUniversity of Hohenheim
Military service
Allegiance Germany
Branch/service Bundeswehr
Years of service1968–1970

Winfried Kretschmann (born 17 May 1948) is a German politician serving as Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg since 2011. A member of the Alliance '90/Greens, he was President of the Bundesrat and ex officio deputy to the President of Germany from 2012 to 2013. He is the first member of the Greens to serve in these offices. Identifying himself as a green conservative, Kretschmann has been associated with both culturally and economically liberal policies.

Kretschmann has been a member of the state parliament, the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg, since 1980, in the constituency of Nürtingen. In 2006 he was the frontrunner in the Baden-Württemberg state election for his party, as he was in the state election on 27 March 2011. He was also the chairman of his party's parliamentary group.[1]

Following the state election of 2011,[2] Kretschmann was elected on 12 May 2011 by the combined Green-SPD majority in the Landtag to succeed Stefan Mappus as Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg, becoming the first ever Green Minister-President of any German state. Kretschmann has wide personal popularity; if it were possible to elect the Minister-President directly during the Baden-Württemberg election of March 2016, Kretschmann would have won an outright majority according to polls; he was even favored by 45% of CDU supporters.[3] Kretschmann was re-elected in May 2016 as Minister-President while leading a new coalition with the Christian Democrats.[4]

On 12 October 2012 he was elected President of the German Bundesrat for the term from 1 November 2012 to 31 October 2013.[5] This was the first time since 1953, and only the second time ever, that the President was not drawn from the ranks of either the CDU/CSU or the SPD, until November 1, 2021, when Bodo Ramelow of The Left was elected president of the Bundesrat.

Early life and education

Kretschmann was born at Spaichingen in Baden-Württemberg. His parents were expellees from the mostly Roman Catholic region of Ermland (East Prussia) after World War II.[6] He grew up on the rural Swabian Alb (southern Baden-Württemberg). Kretschmann attended a Catholic boarding school in Sigmaringen and passed his Abitur in Riedlingen. Following his military service, he studied to be a teacher of biology and chemistry (later ethics) at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, graduating in 1977.

Political career

Early beginnings

From 1973 to 1975 Kretschmann was active in the Communist League of West Germany.[7] He later denounced this orientation towards the revolutionary positions of the German student movement as a "political misapprehension"; today he is more ecologically oriented and counted among the members of the more conservative wing of the Greens.

After three years as a school teacher at Sigmaringen, Kretschmann went into politics. He is one of the founding members of the Baden-Württemberg section of the German Green Party (at Sindelfingen on 30 September 1979).

In 1980, Kretschmann was for the first time elected into the Landtag, the state parliament, and a first stint of his chairmanship of his party's parliamentary group followed from 1983 to 1985. In 1985 he left Stuttgart to work in Hessen at the ministry of environment, then run by party colleague Joschka Fischer for two years.

In 1988, Kretschmann returned to Baden-Württemberg, being re-elected into the Landtag in 1988. He lost his seat in 1992, but returned – after four years back as a teacher – in 1996 and held his seat in 2001 and 2006. In 2002, he was again elected chairman of his party's parliamentary group.[8]

Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg, 2011–present

See also: Cabinet Kretschmann I, Cabinet Kretschmann II, and Cabinet Kretschmann III

In the 2011 state elections, amid a surge in support for the anti-nuclear Greens following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in Japan,[9] a coalition government of Greens and Social Democrats won over the former predominating conservative CDU; Kretschmann was elected as the new state Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg.[10] He ran on a platform that called for shutting down nuclear power plants, overhauling a public school system the Greens see as elitist, and imposing speed limits on Autobahns.[11] Also, Kretschmann is widely regarded as having benefited from his party's opposition to Stuttgart 21, a massive development project in Baden-Württemberg's capital.[12] Kretschmann's election ended 58 years of uninterrupted rule in Baden-Württemberg by the Christian Democratic Union party.[9]

As Minister-President, Kretschmann is a member of the German-French Friendship Group set up by the German Bundesrat and the French Senate as well as of the German-Russian Friendship Group set up in cooperation with the Russian Federation Council.

When German Chancellor Angela Merkel held preliminary talks to sound out possible common ground with both the Green Party in an attempt to form a coalition government following the 2013 elections, Kretschmann was part of the Greens’ delegation.[13]

In the 2016 state elections, Kretschmann led the Green Party to a historic 30%, thus coming three points ahead of the Christian Democrats.[14] For the first time in any German regional election, the Greens emerged the strongest single party in the state.[15] Kretschmann was confirmed as leader of a coalition government of Greens and Christian Democrats in May 2016.[4] As the Green Party's only Minister-President, Kretschmann plays a crucial role to organize the party's informal coordination committee for the Bundesrat.[16]

In July 2020, Kretschmann-led government of Baden-Württemberg banned full-face coverings burqas, niqabs for all school children. The rule will apply to primary and secondary education. Kretschmann said that full-face veiling did not belong in a free society.[17][18]

Following the ongoing success of the Greens in the 2021 state elections, Kretschmann was subsequently re-elected for serving a third term as minister president on May 12, 2021.[19]

Political positions

Kretschmann belongs to the more Realpolitik-oriented, centrist wing of the Green Party, and has been characterised as holding economically liberal, pro-business views.[20] He identifies as a green conservative.[21] His business-friendly approach to policy has caused him to clash with his party on more than one occasion. While he shared his party's official position of favoring an alliance with the SPD after the 2013 federal elections, he repeatedly criticized its campaign.[9] He objected to the Greens’ election platform of tax increases, warning the leadership in a public letter to avoid any move that would be detrimental to business.[22]

When Bavaria filed a lawsuit in the Federal Constitutional Court in 2012, asking the judges to back their call for an overhaul of the German system of financial transfers from wealthier states (such as Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg) to the country's weaker economies, Kretschmann decided that his state would not back the lawsuit and instead urged reform via negotiations between all the states.[23]

Kretschmann has in the past been vocal about climate change policies. In May 2015, he joined Governor Jerry Brown of California and other international leaders from various states and provinces in signing the Under2 MOU, a non-binding climate change agreement in Sacramento, California. At the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, Kretschmann and Brown convened in Paris during the talks to attract more supporters among governors, mayors and other leaders of “subnational” governments for stronger commitments to reducing emissions.[24] During the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany, Kretschmann clashed with environmentalists, as he supported stimulus subsidies for the purchase of cars with relatively efficient combustion engines.[25]

Kretschmann stated that he wants to keep refugees who commit crimes in groups away from major cities and distribute them in the country, saying that the idea of sending some of them "into the pampas" was "not wrong", and adding, "To put it bluntly, the most dangerous thing that human evolution has produced is hordes of young men." He claimed that the 2018 Freiburg gang rape was a "terrible example" of this.[26]

Other activities

Personal life

Kretschmann is a Catholic. He is married with Gerlinde, has three children and lives in Sigmaringen.


See also


  1. ^ "Winfried Kretschmann, Fraktionschef der Grünen im baden-württembergischen Landtag". Südwestrundfunk. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Germany: Greens celebrate Merkel election defeat". BBC News. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Landtagswahlen: Grüne liegen in Baden-Württemberg vor CDU". 3 March 2016 – via Die Zeit.
  4. ^ a b "Baden-Württemberg debuts Green-led coalition with Merkel's conservative party – News – DW – 02.05.2016". DW.COM.
  5. ^ "Winfried Kretschmann neuer Bundesratspräsident". Bundesrat of Germany. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Landtagswahl Baden-Württemberg: Erst war er im katholischen Internat, dann im Kommunistischen Bund". 24 March 2011 – via Die Zeit.
  7. ^ Biography at
  8. ^ "Winfried Kretschmann personal website".
  9. ^ a b c Stefan Nicola (August 23, 2013), Porsche Home’s Green Car Reversal Opens Road to Merkel Bloomberg News.
  10. ^ "First Green State Governor 'I Want a Quiet Revolution'". SPIEGEL ONLINE. May 19, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  11. ^ Jack Ewing (April 1, 2011), Germany's Greens Prepare for Power, and Major Tests International Herald Tribune.
  12. ^ Flying High: Germany's Green Party Eyes Two State Premierships Spiegel Online, October 21, 2010.
  13. ^ Florian Gathmann (October 1, 2013), Coalition Talks: Merkel to Meet Greens Next Week Spiegel Online.
  14. ^ Philip Oltermann (March 14, 2016), German elections: the candidates who backed Merkel's refugee stance – and won The Guardian.
  15. ^ Greens to form coalition with Merkel's conservatives in southern German state Deutsche Welle, May 1, 2016.
  16. ^ Jungjohann, Arne (2017). German Greens in Coalition Governments. A Political Analysis (PDF). Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and Green European Foundation. pp. 42–55.
  17. ^ "German state bans burqas, niqabs in schools | DW | 21.07.2020". Deutsche Welle.
  18. ^ "Children banned from wearing burkas at school in German state". 23 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Dritte Amtszeit: Landtag von Baden-Württemberg wählt Winfried Kretschmann zum Ministerpräsidenten". Südwestrundfunk. 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  20. ^ Solletty, Marion (4 June 2017). "Europe's Greens search for life after death". Politico. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  21. ^ Stucke, Julius (2 October 2018). "Konservative streben nach notwendigen Reformen". Deutschlandfunk Kultur. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  22. ^ Brian Parkin (April 29, 2013), Merkel’s Party Shuns 'Stone Age' Greens Amid Tax-Rise Pledge Bloomberg News.
  23. ^ Christian Kraemer (July 17, 2012), Bavaria seeks to trump Merkel with anti-bailout card Reuters.
  24. ^ Sewell Chan and Melissa Eddy (December 13, 2015), Leaders Move to Convert Paris Climate Pledges Into Action New York Times.
  25. ^ [1] "Wer am lautesten schreit", Süddeutsche Zeitung, 5 May 2020
  26. ^ Kretschmann will Straftäter von Städten fernhalten, "'Salopp gesagt ist das Gefährlichste, was die menschliche Evolution hervorgebracht hat, junge Männerhorden. Solche testosterongesteuerten Gruppen können immer Böses anrichten', so Kretschmann. Die Vergewaltigung in Freiburg sei ein schlimmes Beispiel, sagte Kretschmann mit Blick auf die Gruppenvergewaltigung einer 18-Jährigen.
  27. ^ [Board of Trustees] Academy of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.
  28. ^ Deutschlandradio Kultur vom 11. Mai 2011: Oberschwabe mit ostpreußischem Migrationshintergrund, Buchrezension von Pieke Biermann