Vinni pukh by fjodor khitruk.jpg
Image from the film.
Directed byFyodor Khitruk
Screenplay byBoris Zakhoder
Fyodor Khitruk
StarringYevgeny Leonov
Iya Savvina
Narrated byVladimir Osenev
Music byMieczysław Weinberg
Release date
  • 1969 (1969)
Running time
63 minutes[1]
CountrySoviet Union

Winnie-the-Pooh (Russian: Винни-Пух, romanizedVinni-Pukh, IPA: [ˈvʲinʲːɪ ˈpux] (listen)) is a 1969 Soviet animated film by Soyuzmultfilm directed by Fyodor Khitruk.[2] The film is based on chapter one in the book series by A. A. Milne. It is the first part of a trilogy,[3] along with two sequels: Winnie-the-Pooh Pays a Visit (Винни-Пух идёт в гости, 1971) and Winnie-the-Pooh and a Busy Day (Винни-Пух и день забот, 1972).[1]


Khitruk studied the original book by Milne first in English and only later in Russian, translated by Boris Zakhoder who became a co-writer of the first two parts of the trilogy. Khitruk had not seen the Disney adaptations while working on his own. He created the prototype drawings of the characters together with Vladimir Zuikov, a fellow animator from Film, Film, Film.[4]

Khitruk followed the original book by A. A. Milne and based his first two parts of the trilogy on the Pooh's love for honey. However, while Milne accentuated the relationships between a boy (Christopher Robin) and his favorite toy Pooh, Khitruk removed Christopher Robin and made Pooh the leading character; his narrator is a "true" narrator who has no relation to the story whatsoever. Pooh is balanced by the Piglet; they are best friends and are present in all parts of the story. While Pooh always takes the initiative, he often seeks advice and help from the Piglet.[5] The main reason to remove Robin was to exclude a vastly superior character (a human), and put all others at an equal level.[4]

Khitruk followed his style and drew all scenes in two dimensions. His animation was relatively simple and slowly paced compared to other Milne adaptations. Instead, Khitruk put much emphasis on the dialogues and timing – every move of his characters and every character line are intended to bring hidden details and irony to viewers of all ages.[5]


Legacy and awards

In 1976, Khitruk was awarded the USSR State Prize for the Winnie-the-Pooh trilogy.[8] The animation characters, as designed by Khitruk's team, are featured on the 1988 Soviet and 2012 Russian postal stamps; they are permanently painted on a public streetcar running through the Sokolniki Park, and their sculptures are installed in Ramenki District in Moscow.[9]

When Khitruk visited the Disney Studios, Wolfgang Reitherman, the director of Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day that won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film, told him that he liked the Soviet version better than his own.[8][10]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Винни Пух (1969)". Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  2. ^ Kevin Scott Collier (17 November 2018). "Russia's "Winnie-the-Pooh"". Animated Series-Cartoon Research.
  3. ^ Marissa Fessenden (1 December 2014). "Russia Has Its Own Classic Version of an Animated Winnie-the-Pooh". Smithsonian Smart News.
  4. ^ a b Mikhailin, Yurii (2005). "О зарождении идеи фильма". Киноведческие записки [Cinema history notes].
  5. ^ a b Iten, Oswald (8 August 2011). "Pooh vs. Pukh, a character analysis". Colorful Animation Expressions.
  6. ^ a b c Kapkov, Segey (2006). "Мастера дураковаляния". Киноведческие записки [Cinema history notes].
  7. ^ a b САВВИНА Ия Сергеевна.
  8. ^ a b "Фёдор Хитрук". Russian Animated Film Association.
  9. ^ Винни-Пуху и всем-всем-всем.
  10. ^ Moritz, William (1999). "The Spirit Of Genius: Feodor Khitruk". Animation World Magazine. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019.

Further reading

Kevin Scott Collier. Fyodor Khitruk's Vinni-Pukh: Russia's Animated Winnie-the-Pooh. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2018. ISBN 1731277113