Wise, Virginia
Wise County Courthouse
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Coordinates: 36°58′41″N 82°34′37″W / 36.97806°N 82.57694°W / 36.97806; -82.57694Coordinates: 36°58′41″N 82°34′37″W / 36.97806°N 82.57694°W / 36.97806; -82.57694
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyWise
Founded1874
Incorporated1924
Government
 • MayorCaynor Smith, Jr.
Area
 • Total3.04 sq mi (7.87 km2)
 • Land3.03 sq mi (7.85 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
2,451 ft (747 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,286
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,906
 • Density959.39/sq mi (370.41/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
24293
Area code(s)276
FIPS code51-87072[3]
GNIS feature ID1498553[4]
Websitetownofwise.net

Wise is a town in Wise County, Virginia, United States. The population was 3,286 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Wise County.[6] It was originally incorporated as the town of Gladeville in 1874. The town's name was changed to Wise in 1924.[7] Wise is named after Henry A. Wise, the last Virginia governor before the American Civil War and the first governor to hail from the Eastern Shore of Virginia.

The town is also the home of the University of Virginia's College at Wise.

Geography

Wise is located in the middle of the county of Wise. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by mild, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wise has a subtropical highland climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps. The Trewartha climate classification is temperate oceanic due to five months of winter chill (monthly means below 10 °C (50 °F)), abbreviated "Do" on climate maps.[8]

Climate data for Wise, Virginia (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1955–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
80
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
95
(35)
93
(34)
94
(34)
93
(34)
92
(33)
79
(26)
73
(23)
95
(35)
Average high °F (°C) 42.6
(5.9)
46.5
(8.1)
55.2
(12.9)
65.5
(18.6)
72.0
(22.2)
78.0
(25.6)
80.6
(27.0)
79.8
(26.6)
75.5
(24.2)
66.2
(19.0)
55.0
(12.8)
46.0
(7.8)
63.6
(17.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.6
(0.9)
36.9
(2.7)
44.4
(6.9)
54.1
(12.3)
61.4
(16.3)
67.8
(19.9)
70.9
(21.6)
69.8
(21.0)
64.8
(18.2)
55.0
(12.8)
44.7
(7.1)
37.2
(2.9)
53.4
(11.9)
Average low °F (°C) 24.6
(−4.1)
27.3
(−2.6)
33.6
(0.9)
42.7
(5.9)
50.7
(10.4)
57.7
(14.3)
61.2
(16.2)
59.8
(15.4)
54.1
(12.3)
43.7
(6.5)
34.3
(1.3)
28.5
(−1.9)
43.2
(6.2)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−15
(−26)
−8
(−22)
16
(−9)
24
(−4)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
38
(3)
31
(−1)
14
(−10)
4
(−16)
−17
(−27)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.34
(110)
4.37
(111)
4.74
(120)
4.78
(121)
4.60
(117)
4.86
(123)
5.77
(147)
4.13
(105)
3.55
(90)
2.87
(73)
3.26
(83)
4.36
(111)
51.63
(1,311)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.8
(33)
11.6
(29)
8.6
(22)
1.7
(4.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(2.3)
1.9
(4.8)
9.6
(24)
47.1
(120)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.4 14.6 14.7 13.1 14.5 14.0 15.7 12.9 10.6 10.6 11.2 14.7 162.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 7.8 7.0 4.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 2.0 5.8 28.6
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880128
189018645.3%
1900511174.7%
191080657.7%
19201,07132.9%
19301,1123.8%
19401,22610.3%
19501,57428.4%
19602,61466.1%
19702,89110.6%
19803,89434.7%
19903,193−18.0%
20003,2551.9%
20103,2861.0%
2019 (est.)2,906[2]−11.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,255 people, 1,424 households, and 868 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,059.4 people per square mile (409.4/km2). There were 1,594 housing units at an average density of 518.8 per square mile (200.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.24% White, 1.94% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.77% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

Buildings in Wise
Buildings in Wise

There were 1,424 households, out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 19.7% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,531, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $30,170 versus $21,389 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,760. About 12.6% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Wise features five public schools of the Wise County Public School System, one private school, and one college.

Wise County School System public schools

Private schools

Higher education

Transportation

The largest highway in Wise is Orby Cantrell Highway (US 23) a north–south highway that runs through the west end of the town. Wise is also home to the Lonesome Pine Airport (LNP). The airport is located approximately three miles northeast of the central business district.

Theater and the arts

Notable people

Sister cities

The Town of Wise has one sister city:

Historic downtown

Historic E. M. Fulton House on West Main Street
Historic E. M. Fulton House on West Main Street

In early 1862, Gladeville served as the headquarters of Confederate General Humphrey Marshall, who had been assigned to defend southwest Virginia. Union forces raided the town on June 1, 1862, and captured the town clerk, Rev. Morgan T. Lipps, who reportedly insulted them. He was released, but the raiders burned half the town. The event is commemorated by a historical marker,[13] and re-enactors engaged in a Civil War Living History Presentation and Re-Enactment on the second weekend of July each year.[14]

Three buildings on Main Street in the town of Wise are on the National Register of Historic Places.[15] The Colonial Hotel, now known as the Inn at Wise Court House, was added to the Register in 1991. The Wise County Courthouse was added to the Register ten years earlier, in 1981. In February 2006, the Register listed the E. M. Fulton House.[16]

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Weldon Cooper Center 2010 Census totals by towns in Virginia". coopercenter.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ http://www.webworxinc.com, WebWorx, Inc. "County of Wise, Virginia – Wise County History". www.wisecounty.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Wise, Virginia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  10. ^ "Station: Wise 1SE, VA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Appalachian Children's Theater". actshine.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Gladeville in the Civil War Historical Marker". hmdb.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Town of Wise". Town of Wise. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  16. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Official Website--Part of the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior". www.cr.nps.gov. Retrieved 12 April 2018.