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Witchcraft when associated with feminism, also called feminist witchcraft or Dianic Witchcraft, centers on the idea of the witch as an archetype addressing female empowerment. It is a reaction to various forces including feminist interpretations of witch trials in the early modern period.
Some forms of feminist witchcraft may make use of spells either as magic or as a form of ritual engaged for psychological effect. Feminist witchcraft is often interested in forms of traditional knowledge – especially in times and places where midwifery, birth control, abortion, gynaecology, and other aspects of health, especially women's health, are illegal or under-valued.
Dianic Wicca, a modern pagan goddess tradition, is one of the best-known types of organized feminist witchcraft. Religious beliefs tied to feminist witchcraft typically focuses on feminist theology or thealogy. However, feminist witchcraft practice may not be integrated into a practitioner's religion.