Woisika, also known as Kamang, is a Papuan language of Alor Island of Indonesia. The three main dialects are Western Kamang, Lowland Kamang, and Upland Kamang. Dialects also include Lembur, Sibo, Kamang, Tiayai, Watang, Kamana-Kamang. They may constitute more than one language. Kamang is an endangered language, since children usually only have passive competence of the language, and instead are shifting to Malay.
Speakers may prefer the term Kamang to refer to the speech community as a whole; Woisika is a village name.
/h/ and /ʔ/ are marginal. /r/ is rare in initial and final position. Word-final /s/ is only in loan words.
The consonant /ŋ/ is not found word-initially, and /f/ is not found word-finally.
|Close||i||iː ⟨ii⟩||u||uː ⟨uu⟩|
|Mid||e||eː ⟨ee⟩||o||oː ⟨oo⟩|
Kamang has serial verb constructions.
Mooi bong nok kok silang dii
banana tree one fall.down descend lie
'A banana tree came falling down.': 345
Afunaa yakii me noowaai.
a-funaa ga-kii me noo-waai.
3.PAT-face 3.PAT-turn come 3.AST-face
Examples with avalent, monovalent, bivalent, and trivalent verbs are shown below.
'It's late afternoon.': 300
'Markus is thirsty already.': 301
Na Markus gatakma.
na Markus ga-tak-ma
1SG.AGT Markus 3.PAT-see-PFV
'I have seen Markus': 301
Woisika riddles relate to animals, the human body, human artifacts, natural phenomena, crops and other foods, among others.