|Director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office|
|Assumed office |
February 13, 2020
|Preceded by||Zhang Xiaoming|
|Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference|
|Assumed office |
|Communist Party Secretary of Zhejiang|
December 2012 – April 2017
|Deputy||Li Qiang (Governor)|
|General secretary||Xi Jinping|
|Preceded by||Zhao Hongzhu|
|Succeeded by||Che Jun|
|Governor of Zhejiang Province|
August 2011 – December 2012
|Party Secretary||Zhao Hongzhu|
|Preceded by||Lü Zushan|
|Succeeded by||Li Qiang|
|Born||2 December 1952|
|Political party||Chinese Communist Party|
Xia Baolong (Chinese: 夏宝龙; pinyin: Xià Bǎolóng; born 2 December 1952) is a Chinese politician. Originally from Tianjin, Xia began his political career in the Communist Youth League. He served as the vice mayor of Tianjin, governor and Communist Party Secretary of Zhejiang province. Since 2018, he has served as a vice chairman of the 13th Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and secretary general. He has a doctoral degree in Economics. Xia was appointed director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office in February 2020.
Xia Baolong was born in Tianjin. In his youth, Xia was an elementary and high school teacher in Hebei and Tianjin, and a grassroots level official of the Communist Youth League. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in November 1973. He received a degree in Chinese from Hexi District Workers' University (天津市河西区职工大学), an adult-education college, in 1980. Later he rose to the positions of Party Secretary and governor of Hexi District, and then Vice Mayor of Tianjin. Between 1999 and 2003 he studied political economics at Peking University.
In November 2003, Xia was transferred to Zhejiang to become a Deputy Party Secretary of the province. Xia served under then-Zhejiang Party Secretary Xi Jinping. In August 2011, he became the acting governor of Zhejiang, succeeding Lü Zushan, and was officially elected as governor in January 2012. On 18 December 2012, he was promoted to Communist Party Secretary of Zhejiang, the top political office of the province.
Xia is alleged to have issued orders for the removal of thousands of crosses from churches, including the Sanjiang Church in the Wenzhou area. Wenzhou is considered a centre of Christianity in China.
Under Xia, Zhejiang hosted the 2016 G20 Summit in Hangzhou. He also attempted to attract Zhejiang businesspeople from abroad. In April 2017 he became a member of the National People's Congress Environment Protection and Resources Conservation Committee.
Xia Baolong was an alternate member of the 15th, 16th, and 17th Central Committees, and a full member of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.
In February 2020, Xia was appointed director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office.
In August 2020, Xia and ten other officials were sanctioned by the United States Department of the Treasury under Executive Order 13936 by President Trump for undermining Hong Kong's autonomy.
On October 14, 2020, the United States Department of State released a report on 10 individuals who materially contributed to the failure of the China to meet its obligations under the Sino–British Joint Declaration and Hong Kong's Basic Law. Xia was on the list. 
In February 2021, Xia said that only "patriots" could govern Hong Kong, and that positions in the executive, legislature and judiciary must follow the order. Xia also claimed that "In terms of those rioters who are anti-China and who instigate riots with extremely notorious acts, for example, Jimmy Lai, Benny Tai and Joshua Wong, they are not only prohibited from interfering in any public power of the HKSAR, they also need to be punished severely in accordance with the law." Additionally, Xia said that principle of "patriots" governing Hong Kong should also extend towards the education system.
In December 2021, Xia said that the people of Hong Kong would soon get "real" democracy under the new electoral system, where only "patriots" are allowed to serve.