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Xiaojin County
小金县 · བཙན་ལྷ་རྫོང་།
Tsanlha, Xiaojinchuan, Maogong
A hydroelectric dam in Xiaojin County
A hydroelectric dam in Xiaojin County
Location of Xiaojin County (light red) in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Location of Xiaojin County (light red)
in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Xiaojin is located in Sichuan
Xiaojin
Xiaojin
Location in Sichuan
Xiaojin is located in China
Xiaojin
Xiaojin
Xiaojin (China)
Coordinates: 30°59′56″N 102°21′50″E / 30.999°N 102.364°E / 30.999; 102.364
CountryChina
ProvinceSichuan
Autonomous prefectureNgawa
SeatMeixing (Mêxin)
Area
 • Total5,524 km2 (2,133 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total64,813
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.xiaojin.gov.cn
Xiaojin County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese小金县
Traditional Chinese小金縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanབཙན་ལྷ་རྫོང་།

Xiaojin County (Chinese: 小金县), also known as Tsanlha from its Tibetan name (Tibetan: བཙན་ལྷ་རྫོང་།), is a county in the northwest of Sichuan Province, China. It is the southernmost county-level division of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.

History

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Prior to the 18th century, Lesser Jinchuan was ruled by the Gyalrong Tibetan Chiefdom of Tsanlha. From 1747 to 1776, the Qing dynasty launched the Jinchuan campaigns to suppress the Jinchuan chiefdoms.

Administrative divisions

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Xiaojin County contains 7 towns and 11 townships:

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Administrative division code
Towns
Meixing Town
(Mêxin)
美兴镇 Měixīnɡ Zhèn མེ་ཞིན་གྲོང་རྡལ། me zhin grong rdal 513227100
Gularipo
(Siguniangshan)
四姑娘山镇 Sìgūniángshān Zhèn སྐུ་བླ་རི་བོ་གྲོང་རྡལ། sku bla ri bo grong rdal 513227101
Qukar Town
(Lianghekou)
两河口镇 Liǎnghékǒu Zhèn ཆུ་གར་གྲོང་རྡལ། chu gar grong rdal 513227102
Dayung Town
(Dawei)
达维镇 Dáwéi Zhèn ཏ་ཡུང་གྲོང་རྡལ། ta yung grong rdal 513227103
Wangxing Town
(Wori)
沃日镇 Wòrì Zhèn དབང་ཞིང་གྲོང་རྡལ། dbang zhing grong rdal 513227104
Qêlung Town
(Zhailong)
宅垄镇 Zháilǒng Zhèn ཆེ་ལུང་་གྲོང་རྡལ། che lung grong rdal 513227106
Bajêo Town
(Bajiao)
八角镇 Bājiǎo Zhèn པ་ཅེའོ་གྲོང་རྡལ། pa cevo grong rdal 513227107
Townships
Chongde Township
(Chungdê)
崇德乡 Chóngdé Xiāng ཁྲུང་ཏེ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། khrung te yul tsho 513227201
Xinqiao Township
(Xinqao)
新桥乡 Xīnqiáo Xiāng ཞིན་ཆའོ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། zhin chavo yul tsho 513227202
Meiwo Township
(Mêyao)
美沃乡 Měiwò Xiāng མེ་ཡའོ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། me yavo yul tsho 513227203
Shalung Township
(Shalong)
沙龙乡 Shālóng Xiāng ཧྲ་ལུང་ཡུལ་ཚོ། hra lung yul tsho 513227204
Sur Township
(Ri'er)
日尔乡 Rì'ěr Xiāng ཟུར་ཡུལ་ཚོ། zur yul tsho 513227208
Gyomai Township
(Jiesi)
结斯乡 Jiésī Xiāng ཀྱོ་སྨད་ཡུལ་ཚོ། kyo smad yul tsho 513227209
Mipam Township
(Mupo)
木坡乡 Mùpō Xiāng མི་ཕམ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། mi pham yul tsho 513227211
Fubian Township
(Fubên)
抚边乡 Fǔbiān Xiāng ཧྥུ་པེན་ཡུལ་ཚོ། hphu pen yul tsho 513227213
Ogdu Township
(Wodi)
窝底乡 Wōdǐ Xiāng འོག་ཏུ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། vog tu yul tsho 513227216
Haxung Township
(Hanniu)
汗牛乡 Hànniú Xiāng ཧ་ཤུང་ཡུལ་ཚོ། ha shung yul tsho 513227217
Parnga Township
(Pan'an)
潘安乡 Pān'ān Xiāng ཕར་རྔ་ཡུལ་ཚོ། phar rnga yul tsho 513227218

Climate

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Climate data for Xiaojin, elevation 2,438 m (7,999 ft), (1991–2011 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
25.8
(78.4)
31.5
(88.7)
32.5
(90.5)
36.3
(97.3)
35.5
(95.9)
35.5
(95.9)
35.6
(96.1)
33.8
(92.8)
30.6
(87.1)
23.5
(74.3)
18.6
(65.5)
36.3
(97.3)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
19.0
(66.2)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
24.7
(76.5)
20.4
(68.7)
15.8
(60.4)
11.3
(52.3)
20.4
(68.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
6.4
(43.5)
10.2
(50.4)
13.7
(56.7)
16.3
(61.3)
18.1
(64.6)
20.0
(68.0)
19.9
(67.8)
17.3
(63.1)
12.9
(55.2)
8.0
(46.4)
3.4
(38.1)
12.4
(54.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
0.0
(32.0)
4.0
(39.2)
7.6
(45.7)
10.7
(51.3)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59.0)
12.5
(54.5)
8.2
(46.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−7.9
(17.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.8
(33.4)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
8.6
(47.5)
7.6
(45.7)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
−10.2
(13.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.08)
6.8
(0.27)
22.4
(0.88)
55.2
(2.17)
88.7
(3.49)
136.9
(5.39)
95.2
(3.75)
74.5
(2.93)
93.6
(3.69)
55.5
(2.19)
8.4
(0.33)
1.6
(0.06)
640.8
(25.23)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 3.9 9.1 14.9 18.7 22.2 17.5 15.0 17.3 14.2 4.3 1.3 140.6
Average snowy days 2.6 3.2 2.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 1.5 10.6
Average relative humidity (%) 39 38 42 47 53 63 63 60 63 60 49 43 52
Mean monthly sunshine hours 131.0 160.5 201.9 212.7 214.0 170.2 176.4 188.6 172.0 175.3 144.0 104.1 2,050.7
Percent possible sunshine 41 51 54 55 50 40 41 46 47 50 46 33 46
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2][3]

References

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  1. ^ "阿坝州第七次全国人口普查公报第二号——县(市)人口情况" [Aba Prefecture Seventh National Census Bulletin No. 2 - County (City) Population Situation] (in Chinese). Government of Ngawa Prefecture. 2021-06-11.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 [China Meteorological Data Network]. WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 13 April 2023.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 [China Meteorological Data Network] (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 13 April 2023.