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Xinhui
新会区
Sunwui; Hsinhui
Xinhui 新會城 仁壽路 Renshou Lu Motorcycles Old buildings Bikes 小肥羊 Little Sheep restaurant 06.JPG
Motto(s): 
Realistic, innovative
Xinhui District (red) within Guangdong
Xinhui District (red) within Guangdong
Coordinates: Coordinates: 22°31′41″N 113°01′52″E / 22.5281°N 113.031°E / 22.5281; 113.031
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Prefecture-level cityJiangmen
Area
 • District1,354.7149 km2 (523.0583 sq mi)
 • Land1,075.24 km2 (415.15 sq mi)
 • Water279.48 km2 (107.91 sq mi)
 • Urban
143.8698 km2 (55.5484 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length54.5 km (33.9 mi)
 • Width48.8 km (30.3 mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • District757,988
 • Density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
757,988
 • Urban density5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
529100-529159
Area code(0)750
Vehicle registration粤JK
粤JL
粤JM
粤JN
粤JO
Websitewww.xinhui.gov.cn
Xinhui
Simplified Chinese新会
Traditional Chinese新會
PostalSunwui
Former names
Kuixiang
Traditional Chinese葵鄉
Simplified Chinese葵乡
Gugangzhou
Traditional Chinese古岡州
Simplified Chinese古冈州
Literal meaningOld Ridge Prefecture

Xinhui, alternately romanized as Sunwui[a] and also known as Kuixiang, is an urban district of Jiangmen in Guangdong, China. It grew from a separate city founded at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers. It has a population of about 735,500,[when?] 98% of whom are Han Chinese but many of whom speak a dialect of Cantonese as their first language. Xinhui is best known in China for its chenpi, a kind of dried Mandarin orange peel.

Geography

Xinhui is situated at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers in the southwestern area of the Pearl River Delta.[5] It borders the South China Sea and adjoins Macao and Hong Kong. It comprises a total areashown that Xinhui originated as a shallow bay at the mouth of the Pearl River about 5000 years ago, with its southeastern portion consisting of a chain of islands. The movement of the Tan and West Rivers eventually formed a delta that became the present alluvial plain over the course of the last nine hundred years.

History

Most of the present area of the Xinhui district formed during the historical period from silt deposited by the Tan and West Rivers. Some Neolithic artifacts, however, have been found in the district's territory over the last ten years,[when?] including shell mounds and pottery shards.

The former Gugang Prefecture was located in the area.[citation needed] Xinhui County administered the area of Jiangmen Town before being placed under Jiangmen's administration. It was later promoted to an urban district.

Administration

Xinhui District now forms a part of downtown Jiangmen. It comprises 10 towns, 239 village commissions, 25 community residents' committees, and 4 agencies.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[6]
Huicheng Subdistrict 会城街道 Huìchéng Jiēdào 385,177
Daze town 大泽镇 Dàzé Zhèn 37,677
Siqian town 司前镇 Sīqián Zhèn 69,935
Luokeng town 罗坑镇 Luōkēng Zhèn 31,527
Shuangshui town 双水镇 Shuāngshuǐ Zhèn 87,295
Yamen town 崖门镇 Yámén Zhèn 37,963
Shadui town 沙堆镇 Shāduī Zhèn 36,957
Gujing town 古井镇 Gǔjǐng Zhèn 42,027
Sanjiang town 三江镇 Sānjiāng Zhèn 43,113
Muzhou town 睦洲镇 Mùzhōu Zhèn 42,117
Da'ao town 大鳌镇 Dà'áo Zhèn 35,367

Demographics

Xinhui people are part of the greater Siyi people, in the Greater Siyi Region. Over the last two centuries, more than 600,000 people from Xinhui have migrated overseas (mostly to the Americas, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong), making it one of the largest representative Chinese districts of overseas Chinese.

Economy

The paper company Vinda International has its headquarters in the Donghou Industrial Development Zone (东侯工业区) in Huicheng Town in the district.[7]

Agriculture

Xinhui food exports include rice and fruits, especially oranges. Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is also used in traditional Chinese cooking.

Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is world-renowned. It has been used for hundreds years in Chinese cooking and traditional Chinese cooking, adding a pleasant aroma and flavor to food.

Port development

Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖), or Yamen Channel (崖门水道; 崖門水道), has an area of 65 km2 (25 sq mi). The average 8–13 m deep river channel and the gentle water current can accommodate vessels up to 10,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT), and is an advantage for port development and in-river transport.

The Yinzhou Lake Economic Area (银州湖经济区; 銀州湖經濟區), which is the key development area, is one of the four main economic areas in Jiangmen city. The Tianma port (天马港; 天馬港), which is located in Yinzhou Lake inside Yamenkou (崖门口; 崖門口), is in a strategic location and is in excellent natural condition for port development in the western Pearl River Delta. Tianma port has designated as a regional hub port, similar to the status of Nansha (南沙港) in Shunde, by the governments of Guangdong, Jiangmen and Xinhui. Harbour industries and logistics services will be developed in the surrounding areas of the port.

Attractions

Mount Chishi is a famous scenic spot and tourist destination.

Notable residents

Historical figures

Entertainers

Athletes

Politicians

Businessmen

Engineering

Authors

Engineering

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Other former romanizations of Xinhui include Sin-hwuy,[1][2] Sin-hwuy-heën,[3] Sin Whee,[2] San Wui,[2] and Sin-hwang.[4]

References

Citations

  1. ^ Gutzlaff (1838), p. 442.
  2. ^ a b c Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
  3. ^ Gutzlaff (1838), p. 565.
  4. ^ Baynes, T. S., ed. (1878), "China" , Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  5. ^ Official map. (in Chinese)
  6. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  7. ^ "Contact Us Archived July 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine." Vinda International. Retrieved on April 10, 2014. "Donghou Industrial Development Zone, Huicheng Town, Xinhui District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong" – Address in Simplified Chinese Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine: "江门市新会区东侯工业区" – Address in Traditional Chinese Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine: "江門市新會區東侯工業區"
  8. ^ NOTES ON CHEUNG PAO TSAI by ANTHONY SIU KWOK-KIN
  9. ^ "Chapter News". Default. Retrieved 2021-12-10.

Bibliography