Xiuning
休宁县
Siuning
Xiuning-Zhuangyuan-Square-night.jpg
Xiuning is the southernmost division in this map of Huangshan
Xiuning is the southernmost division in this map of Huangshan
Huangshan in Anhui
Huangshan in Anhui
Coordinates: 29°47′02″N 118°11′38″E / 29.784°N 118.194°E / 29.784; 118.194Coordinates: 29°47′02″N 118°11′38″E / 29.784°N 118.194°E / 29.784; 118.194
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceAnhui
Prefecture-level cityHuangshan
Area
 • Total2,151 km2 (831 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total268,300
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
245400

Xiuning County (simplified Chinese: 休宁县; traditional Chinese: 休寧縣; pinyin: Xiūníng Xiàn) is a county in the south of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Huangshan City. The southernmost county-level division in the province, it has a population of 270,000[when?] and an area of 2,125 square kilometres (820 sq mi). The government of Xiuning County is located in Haiyang Town (海阳镇).

Xiuning County has jurisdiction over nine towns and twelve townships.

Administrative divisions

Xiuning County is divided to 10 towns and 11 townships.[1]

Towns
  • Haiyang (海阳镇)
  • Qiyunshan (齐云山镇)
  • Wan'an (万安镇)
  • Wucheng (五城镇)
  • Lantian (兰田镇)
  • Donglinxi (东临溪镇)
  • Xikou (溪口镇)
  • Liukou (流口镇)
  • Wangcun (汪村镇)
  • Shangshan (商山镇)
Townships
  • Weiqiao Township (渭桥乡)
  • Shandou Township (山斗乡)
  • Lingnan Township (岭南乡)
  • Yuanfang Township (源芳乡)
  • Yucun Township (榆村乡)
  • Huangjian Township (璜尖乡)
  • Longtian Township (龙田乡)
  • Baiji Township (白际乡)
  • Chenxia Township (陈霞乡)
  • Banqiao Township (板桥乡)
  • Hecheng Township (鹤城乡)

History and culture

Xiuning County is historically renowned for producing more zhuàngyuán (状元: the scholar with the highest score in the national Imperial examination), than any other place in China. Accordingly, the large public space in Haiyang Town is called Zhuangyuan Square (状元广场).

In 2009, the Xiuning County People's Government unveiled a monument commemorating the 1800th anniversary of Xiuning (208-2008).

Climate

Climate data for Xiuning County (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.2
(52.2)
15.4
(59.7)
21.7
(71.1)
26.8
(80.2)
29.3
(84.7)
33.0
(91.4)
32.7
(90.9)
28.7
(83.7)
23.7
(74.7)
17.5
(63.5)
11.5
(52.7)
21.7
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
3.0
(37.4)
6.6
(43.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.0
(62.6)
20.9
(69.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
13.6
(56.5)
7.3
(45.1)
1.7
(35.1)
12.5
(54.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 86.0
(3.39)
107.2
(4.22)
176.4
(6.94)
205.6
(8.09)
216.6
(8.53)
324.0
(12.76)
209.7
(8.26)
138.9
(5.47)
84.4
(3.32)
74.0
(2.91)
77.0
(3.03)
48.2
(1.90)
1,748
(68.82)
Source: National Meteorological Center of CMA[2]

Western attention

In 2003, the Peabody Essex Museum, in Salem, Massachusetts, completed a 200 million dollar renovation and expansion, designed by architect Moshe Safdie, moving a 200-year-old 16-room Chinese house from Xiuning County to the grounds of the Museum. While in China this house was home to many generations who made a living in traveling to Shanghai and running a pawn brokers business (as stated by the movie shown at the Peabody Essex Museum after exiting Yin Yu Tang House).

In early 2008, the BBC broadcast a series of 5 documentaries on the life of pupils at schools in China. Called "Chinese School", the three schools documented were all located in Xiuning County: Xiuning High School, the top school in the county; Haiyang Middle/High School; and Ping Min Elementary School. This series was shown on BBC 4 and was received with mixed reactions, most of which were positive.[3]

Transportation

Rail

Xiuning is served by the Anhui–Jiangxi Railway.

References

  1. ^ "南京市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  2. ^ "休宁天气预报" (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  3. ^ "Chinese School opens its doors". HERO. 20 March 2008. Archived from the original on 19 April 2008.