de Meijere, 1913
Xylomyidae is a family of flies known commonly as the wood soldier flies. They are xylophagous and are associated with dead or dying wood.
For terms see Morphology of Diptera.
These flies are 4 to 14 millimeters long. Their coloration is variable. They have spurs on the mid and hind tibiae. The antennae are conical.
As of 2011 there were 138 described species in four genera. These include: