State of Yang

1020 BC [1][2]–677 BC [3]
• Established
1020 BC [1][2]
• Conquered by Jin.
677 BC [3]

Yang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) was a state established during the Western Zhou dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.[4][5][6]


Yang Boqiao
Yang Boqiao

King Wu of Zhou granted Shu Yu of Tang a state named Tang. He was the son of King Wu of Zhou and the younger brother of King Cheng of Zhou. The State of Tang would later be renamed Jin by Shu Yu's son and successor, Xie.[7]

The Yang state was conquered by the Jin state during the reign of Duke Wu of Jin, and ancient lands of the Yang state were given to one of his sons named Boqiao (伯僑) at 13th years old.[8] With the conquest of the Yang state, many people of Yang and descendants of Boqiao eventually took the name of their former country as their family name, and account for the majority of Chinese people with the family name Yang today.[9][10]


  1. ^, retrieved 16 Jul 2017
  2. ^, retrieved 16 Jul 2017
  3. ^, retrieved 16 Jul 2017,
  4. ^ Bamboo Annals, "Annals of Wei".
  5. ^ Schirokauer, Conrad; Brown, Miranda (2006). A Brief History of Chinese Civilization (Second ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.
  6. ^ The Discourses of the States (國語) Chapter Discourses of Zheng (鄭語)
  7. ^ Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "House of Jin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 3093–3094. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
  8. ^ 《新唐书·宰相世系表》
  9. ^ "Yang Family History". Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  10. ^ New Book of Tang