Yanling County
鄢陵县
Yenling
Yanling in Xuchang
Xuchang in Henan
Coordinates: 34°06′07″N 114°10′37″E / 34.102°N 114.177°E / 34.102; 114.177Coordinates: 34°06′07″N 114°10′37″E / 34.102°N 114.177°E / 34.102; 114.177
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityXuchang
Towns12
Area
 • Total866 km2 (334 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[4]
 • Total574,100
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
461200
Websitewww.yanling.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Yanling County (simplified Chinese: 鄢陵; traditional Chinese: 鄢陵; pinyin: Yānlíng Xiàn) is a county in the central part of Henan province, China. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Xuchang.

History

Historical map including Yanling (labeled as YEN-LING 鄢陵) and surrounding region (AMS, 1954)
Historical map including Yanling (labeled as YEN-LING 鄢陵) and surrounding region (AMS, 1954)

Human habitation of the area began around 6000 BC.[1][better source needed]

In the early Zhou Dynasty, the area became the state of Yan (鄢國).[1][2]

In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, the area became known as Yan Yi (鄢邑) after the destruction of the state of Yan under Duke Wu of Zheng (鄭武公)[1][2] in the early part of the reign of King Ping of Zhou (after 770 BC).[5]

In the fifth month of 722 BC, Duke Zhuang of Zheng defeated his younger brother Gongshu Duan (共叔段) north of present-day Yanling County.[1][2][6][7]

The famous Battle of Yanling (575 BC) took place in Yanling County.

Yanling County was established during the Western Han dynasty in the year 201 BC.[1][2][8]

In 2014, six men in Yanling County were fined 2,000 yuan each for their roles in catching 1,689 wild geckos in Zhangqiao.[9]

Administrative divisions

The county is made up of twelve towns:[8][10][11]

Towns:

Economy

The county's primary agricultural products include wheat, beans, sweet potatoes, cotton and tobacco among others.[2] The county is known for growing flowers which began during the Tang Dynasty and flourished during the Song Dynasty.[1][14] The county is therefore known as 'Flower County' (花县, or also 花都 and 花乡).[1][2] Industries in the county include machinery manufacturing, fertilizer, concrete and wine making among others.[2]

In 2017, the value of the county's output in the flower and plant industry reached 7.1 billion yuan (1.03 billion U.S. dollars).[15][better source needed]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000564,477—    
2010551,611−0.23%
[3][8]

The population of the county decreased between the 2000 Census and 2010 Census.

Transportation

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h 鄢陵概况 [Yanling Overview]. 鄢陵人民政府网 (in Simplified Chinese). 2 May 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2019. 鄢陵县隶属河南省许昌市,现辖12个镇,386个行政村(社区),总人口66.7万人,总面积866平方公里(耕地99.6万亩)。{...}早在8000年前,先民们便开始在此繁衍生息,周初封为鄢国,东周改称鄢邑,汉初置县。郑伯克段于鄢、晋楚鄢陵之战、唐雎不辱使命等事件均发生于此。{...}鄢陵是“南花北移、北花南迁”的天然驯化基地,花木栽培始于唐、兴于宋,素有“花都”“花乡”的美称,享有“鄢陵蜡梅冠天下”的盛誉。
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h 夏征农; 陈至立, eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本 [Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). 上海. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 2632. ISBN 9787532628599. 鄢(yān)1古国名、邑名。西周封国。妘姓,在今河南鄢陵西北。春秋初被郑武公灭后为郑邑。《春秋》隐公元年(公元前722年):“郑伯克段于鄢。”即此。后改称鄢陵。{...}面积866平方千米。{...}西汉置县。{...}农产以小麦、大豆、甘薯、棉花、烟草等为主,并产花卉,有“花县”之称。工业有机械、化肥、水泥、酿酒等。
  3. ^ a b 许昌市历史沿革 [Xuchang City Historical Evolution] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH.org. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2020. 1996年,鄢陵县面积871.6平方千米{...}2000年第五次人口普查,许昌市常住总人口4124086人,其中,魏都区373387人,许昌县737384人,鄢陵县564477人,襄城县679863人,禹州市1122669人,长葛市646306人。{...}2010年第六次人口普查,许昌市常住总人口4307488人,其中,魏都区498087人,许昌县767449人,鄢陵县551611人,襄城县671315人,禹州市1131896人,长葛市687130人。
  4. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  5. ^ 靳蓉鏡, ed. (1936). File:鄢陵縣志 - 民國二十五年 (1936) - 卷00-15.pdf [File: Yanling County Annals - 25th year of the Republic (1936) Chapter 00-15.pdf] (in Traditional Chinese). p. 37 – via Wikimedia Commons. 平王初鄭武功滅鄢
  6. ^ 新譯古文觀止(增訂五版) [New Translation of Guwen Guanzhi (Expanded and Revised, 5th edition)] (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Translated by Hsieh Ping-ying, Hsiao-yu Chang (張孝裕) (5 ed.). Taipei: San Min Book Co., Ltd. 2012. pp. 1, 2. ISBN 978-957-14-5607-2. 鄭伯克段于鄢{...}鄢,鄭國邑名,在今河南鄢陵北。
  7. ^ Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, David Schaberg (2016). Zuo Tradition / Zuozhuan: Commentary on the "Spring and Autumn Annals". University of Washington Press. pp. 6, 7. ISBN 9780295806730 – via Google Books. 6 Yan was located north of present-day Yanling County 鄢陵縣, Henan.{...}LORD YIN 1 (722 BCE) ANNALS{...}In summer, in the fifth month, the Liege of Zheng overcame Duan (Gongshu Duan) at Yan.6((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b c 鄢陵县历史沿革 [Yanling County Historical Evolution] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH.org. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2020. 西汉高祖六年(公元前201)置鄢陵县。{...}2000年第五次人口普查,鄢陵县总人口564477人,{...}2012年,大马乡、陶城乡、张桥乡撤乡设镇。调整后,全县辖8个镇、4个乡:安陵镇、马栏镇、柏梁镇、陈化店镇、望田镇、大马镇、陶城镇、张桥镇、南坞乡、只乐乡、彭店乡、马坊乡。
  9. ^ Zhuang Pinghui (22 December 2014). "Chinese men fined for catching almost 1,700 protected wild geckos in one night". South China Morning Post. Beijing. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  10. ^ 乡镇政府 [Township-level Division Governments]. 鄢陵人民政府网 (in Simplified Chinese). Retrieved 4 January 2020. 大马镇{...}马坊镇{...}只乐镇{...}安陵镇{...}望田镇{...}陶城镇{...}陈化店镇{...}彭店镇{...}柏梁镇{...}南坞镇{...}张桥镇{...}马栏镇
  11. ^ 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:鄢陵县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Yanling County] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2020. 统计用区划代码 名称 411024100000 安陵镇 411024101000 马栏镇 411024102000 柏梁镇 411024103000 陈化店镇 411024104000 望田镇 411024105000 大马镇 411024106000 陶城镇 411024107000 张桥镇 411024108000 彭店镇 411024109000 只乐镇 411024110000 南坞镇 411024111000 马坊镇
  12. ^ "NI 50-5 K'AI-FENG" (in English and Chinese). Washington, D. C.: Army Map Service. July 1958 – via Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection. Ma-lan-chen
  13. ^ a b "NI 50-9 HUAI-YANG" (in English and Chinese). Washington, D. C.: Army Map Service. January 1965 – via Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection. Chih-lo-chi{...}Chang-ch'iao 張橋{...}T'ao-ch'eng 陶城
  14. ^ 王玉燕 (15 August 2019). 美都鄢陵縣 美哉花博園 [Beautiful City Yanling County Beautiful Flower Expo Park]. United Daily News (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved 4 January 2020. 許昌是大陸花木之鄉,有1千多年的種花歷史;其轄下鄢陵縣,素有「花都」美譽,花木產業歷史悠久,古有「鄢陵蠟梅冠天下」,今有「江北花卉數鄢陵」。
  15. ^ Liangyu, ed. (5 October 2018). "Flower and plant industry boosts rural economy in China's Henan". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 4 January 2020.

Further reading