The Yardliyawara otherwise known as the Jadliaura[1] were an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

Language

The Yardliyawara language is classified as one of the Karnic languages, though this has been disputed, and is now classified as a dialect of Yarli.[2]

Country

Norman Tindale describes their tribal lands as extending over some 7,400 square miles (19,000 km2), from east of the northern sector of the Flinders Ranges, from Wertaloona south to Carrieton and Cradock. In an easterly direction the boundaries ran to Frome Downs and Holowilena Station on Siccus River. To the west the boundaries extended to Arkaba and Hawker.[3]

People

The Yardliyawara are often subsumed under a collective tribal grouping as one of the Adnyamathanha ('Hill People'), which embraces also several other distinct groups such as the Wailpi, Kuyani, Pilatapa and Barngarla tribes.[4] Their territory around Wertaloona had a variety of sandstone that could be used to manufacture millstones, and northern tribes would come down to trade for it.[5]

Culture

The Yardliyawara imposed circumcision on young males undergoing initiation but refused to adopt the rite of subincision practiced by some of their neighbours.[5]

Alternative names

Some words

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ Round 2014, pp. 93, ix, 383–384.
  2. ^ Austin & Hercus 2004.
  3. ^ Tindale 1974, p. 211.
  4. ^ Rawlings-Way et al. 2009, p. 126.
  5. ^ a b c Tindale 1974.
  6. ^ Green 1886, p. 124.

Sources

  • Austin, Peter; Hercus, Luise (2004). "The Yarli Languages". In Bowern, Claire; Koch, Harold (eds.). Australian Languages: Classification and the comparative method. John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 207–222. ISBN 978-9-027-29511-8.
  • Green, W. M. (1886). "Wonoka". In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent (PDF). Vol. 2. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 124–125.
  • Rawlings-Way, Charles; Worby, Meg; Brown, Lindsay; Harding, Paul (2009). Central Australia. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-741-04663-2.
  • Round, Erich (2014). "Prestopping of nasals and laterals is only partly parallel". In Pensalfini, Rob; Turpin, Myfany; Guillemin, Diana (eds.). Language Description Informed by Theory. John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 81–98. ISBN 978-9-027-27091-7.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Jadliaura (SA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.