This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Yashwantrao Martandrao Mukne" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (June 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)


Yashwantraoji Mukne
Maharajah of Jawhar State
Chamber of Princes 17-03-1941 detail.png
Maharaja Yashwant Raoji seating at fourth chair in second row in the meeting of Chamber of Princes in Delhi, India, 1941.
Coronation26 May 1938
SuccessorNone
BornYashwant Rao
11 December 1917
Jawhar, British India
Died4 June 1978(1978-06-04) (aged 60)
Jawhar, Maharashtra, India
SpousePriyamwande Mukne, (Princess Kamala Bai Dafle of Jath State)
IssueYuvraj Digvijaysingh Rao Mukne, Princess Asharaje Sahiba, Princess Premaraje Sahba
Regnal name
Dada Saheb
Posthumous name
Godharma Pratipalak
HouseMukne Dynasty
FatherMaharaja Martand Rao Mukne (Bhau Saheb)
MotherMaharani Saguna Bai Mukne
ReligionHindu
OccupationFlight Lieutenant in Royal Indian Air Force

Maharaja Shrimant Yashwantraoji Martandraoji Mukne or Maharaja Patang Shahji Mukne (V) (Dada Saheb) (11 December 1917 – 4 June 1978) was the last Koli ruler of Jawhar State in India and later became a politician. He was born in Jawhar.[1][2]

Flag Of Jawhar State
Flag Of Jawhar State

H.H Yashwantrao supported the revolutionaries directly or indirectly against British Rule in India. He attempted to established a factory to manufacture pistols and other firearms in Nepal Kingdom in 1907.[3]

History

Front View Of Jai Vilas Palace Built By Yashwant Raoji
Front View Of Jai Vilas Palace Built By Yashwant Raoji

Maharaja Mukne's father, Vikramshah Pantangshah, was Raja of Jawhar, a princely state in the Thane district of what was then Bombay Presidency. A benevolent ruler who served in World War I and was granted a nine-gun salute, he died at the age of 42, around 1928, having succeeded his father as ruler in 1917. He had a son and a daughter,[4] the former of whom succeeded him.

Yashwantrao Martandrao Mukne was too young to assume control at the time of his accession, so his mother, Rajmata Saguna Bai Mukne, acted as regent. When he came of age in 1938, he assumed full ruling powers.[citation needed]

He did good works such as by expanding development activities, encouraging the chemical, paper, textile, dyeing and printing liquor and starch industries. He provided free primary education and medical relief, He ran both middle and high schools, a central library and museum, hospital and maternity home. He provided touring dispensaries for rural areas of state. At the outbreak of World War II, He volunteered for services and served as Flight lieutenant for four years in Royal Indian Air Force.[citation needed]

Jawhar State acceded to the newly independent India in 1947, after which Mukne was no longer ruler and entered politics.[citation needed] As a member of the Indian National Congress, he was elected to the 1st Lok Sabha from the Thane, which was a seat reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Tribes. He was subsequently elected to the 3rd Lok Sabha from Bhiwandi and to the 4th Lok Sabha from Dahanu, which was also a reserved constituency.[5]

Education

Born on 11 December 1917, Mukne was educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot, and at Old Blundell's School and the Middle Temple in England. He was married to Her Highness Priyamvada Raje, a princess of Jath State, and had one son and two daughters. He lived at Jai Vilas Palace, Jawhar, in Thane district.[5]

References

  1. ^ Lethbridge, Sir Roper (2005). The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the Ruling Princes, Chiefs, Nobles, and Other Personages, Titled Or Decorated of the Indian Empire. Aakar Books. ISBN 9788187879541.
  2. ^ Burman, J.J. Roy (1996). "A comparison of sacred groves among the Mahadeo Kolis and Kunbis of Maharashtra". Indian Anthropologist. 26 (1): 37–45. ISSN 0970-0927. JSTOR 41919791.
  3. ^ Sampath, Vikram (16 August 2019). Savarkar: Echoes from a Forgotten Past, 1883–1924. Penguin Random House India Private Limited. ISBN 978-93-5305-614-8.
  4. ^ "The Rajah of Jawhar". The Times. 11 January 1928. p. 17.
  5. ^ a b "Official biographical sketch". Parliament of India website. Retrieved 22 February 2012.