Ying River
ShayingRiver Zhoukou.jpg
The Shaying River at Zhoukou
Native name颍河  (Chinese)
Location
CountryChina
Physical characteristics
SourceHenan
MouthHuai River (淮河)
 • location
Zhengyang County, Henan, China
Length557 km (346 mi)[1]

The Ying River (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Yǐng Hé) is the largest tributary of the Huai River with its origin in Henan Province, People's Republic of China.[2] From Zhoukou City in Henan the river flows through Fuyang City in Anhui Province then empties into the Huai River at Zhengyang.[3]

Seriously polluted along its entire length, in 2007 the Ying River's water quality was rated as below Grade 5 by the Chinese Environmental Protection Agency.[4]

Tributaries

The Sha River (沙河) is the largest tributary and from the confluence onward, the Ying River is often referred to as the Shaying River (沙颍河).[3]

The Shaying river at Fuyang, Anhui province.
The Shaying river at Fuyang, Anhui province.

The main tributaries on the Ying river with a drainage area of more than 1,000 square kilometers (listed from upstream to downstream) are as follows:[5][circular reference]

North bank South bank
Jialu River (贾鲁河) Sha River (沙河)
Xin Canal (新运河) Quan River (泉河)
Xin Cai River (新蔡河)
Ci River (茨河)

See also

References

  1. ^ 辞海第六版 Cihai Ed. 6. (in Chinese) Shanghai. 2009. pp. 2754. "颍河(...)长557千米" (translation: Ying River(...)is 557 km long)
  2. ^ Jing,Zhengshu (2012). Encyclopedia of Rivers and Lakes in China (Huaihe River Basin Volume) (M) (in Chinese) (1 ed.). Beijing: China Water Conservancy and Hydropower Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-7517005636.
  3. ^ a b "Anhui Water Conservancy Bureau: Huai River Drainage System – Ying River (安徽省水利廳. 淮河水系-潁河.)" (in Chinese). Anhui Water Conservatory Portal (安徽水利信息網). December 22, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  4. ^ "Grade Five Polluted Ying River Covered with White Foam (潁河全線水質劣五類 河面被白色泡沫覆蓋)" (in Chinese). ChinaFotoPress. March 11, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  5. ^ "潁河". Wikipedia. Retrieved 10 October 2020.