Yueyang
岳阳市
Yuehyang; Yoyang
Yueyang Tower
Location of Yueyang City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Yueyang City jurisdiction in Hunan
Yueyang is located in Hunan
Yueyang
Yueyang
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates (Yueyang municipal government): 29°21′23″N 113°07′44″E / 29.3564°N 113.1289°E / 29.3564; 113.1289
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Municipal seatYueyanglou District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city14,896 km2 (5,751 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,344.00 km2 (518.92 sq mi)
 • Metro
721.0 km2 (278.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city5,051,922
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,335,692
 • Urban density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,134,058
 • Metro density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
GDP[2]
 • Prefecture-level cityCN¥ 471.1 billion
US$ 69.9 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 93,895
US$ 13,962
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-06
Websiteyueyang.gov.cn
Yueyang
Traditional Chinese岳陽
Simplified Chinese岳阳
PostalYuehyang
Yuezhou
Chinese岳州
PostalYochow
Literal meaning[Seat of] Yue Prefecture

Yueyang, formerly known as Yuezhou or Yochow, is a prefecture-level city on the eastern shores of Dongting Lake and Yangtze in the northeastern corner of Hunan Province in the People's Republic of China.

Yueyang has an administrative area of 14,896 km2 (5,751 sq mi) and the city proper, 304 km2 (117 sq mi). The population was 5,051,922 at the 2020 Chinese census whom 1,134,058 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yueyanglou District and Yunxi District, Junshan District not being conurbated. Yueyang is the only international trade port city in Hunan and a famous port city in China, at the same time, Yueyang's comprehensive economic strength ranks of Hunan second only to Changsha, the provincial capital.

The city's most famous attractions are the Yueyang Tower and Dongting Lake. The most famous food is Dongting lake silver fish (洞庭银鱼).[citation needed]

In 2021, the city's permanent resident population was 5,051,922, a decrease of 424,162 from the end of last year.

Administration

The Yueyang prefecture is made up of six outlying districts, two special districts and the city proper. The six city districts are Huarong, Linxiang, Xiangyin, Pingjiang, Miluo and Yueyang County. The two special (smaller) districts are Junshan and Yunxi, which used to be part of Yueyang city proper but were separated into their own special districts for administrative purposes.


Districts:

County-level City:

Counties:

Administrative divisions of Yueyang

Climate

Climate data for Yueyang (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
28.0
(82.4)
32.6
(90.7)
33.4
(92.1)
35.4
(95.7)
36.6
(97.9)
39.2
(102.6)
37.5
(99.5)
37.2
(99.0)
32.5
(90.5)
29.5
(85.1)
23.1
(73.6)
39.2
(102.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
11.1
(52.0)
15.5
(59.9)
21.7
(71.1)
26.2
(79.2)
29.3
(84.7)
32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
27.9
(82.2)
22.6
(72.7)
16.7
(62.1)
10.8
(51.4)
21.2
(70.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.9
(46.2)
12.0
(53.6)
18.0
(64.4)
22.6
(72.7)
26.1
(79.0)
29.1
(84.4)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
19.0
(66.2)
13.3
(55.9)
7.7
(45.9)
17.8
(64.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.4
(41.7)
9.4
(48.9)
15.1
(59.2)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
21.7
(71.1)
16.4
(61.5)
10.7
(51.3)
5.3
(41.5)
15.3
(59.5)
Record low °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.3
(36.1)
10.3
(50.5)
14.3
(57.7)
20.0
(68.0)
16.7
(62.1)
11.1
(52.0)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.1
(2.64)
82.6
(3.25)
118.4
(4.66)
175.5
(6.91)
188.4
(7.42)
202.9
(7.99)
192.1
(7.56)
106.4
(4.19)
69.4
(2.73)
73.3
(2.89)
77.0
(3.03)
40.2
(1.58)
1,393.3
(54.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.7 12.0 14.6 14.2 14.2 12.9 10.8 9.0 8.0 9.7 9.6 9.0 135.7
Average snowy days 4.5 2.5 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.9 9.8
Average relative humidity (%) 76 76 76 76 76 80 77 78 78 76 75 73 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.8 81.5 99.8 133.3 155.6 151.7 224.7 219.0 166.1 140.8 120.7 107.4 1,680.4
Percent possible sunshine 25 26 27 34 37 36 53 54 45 40 38 34 37
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

History

The area now called Yueyang has been inhabited for over 3,000 years. It was originally established as a prefecture called Hanchang (Hanchang) by Sun Wu in 210 AD during the Three Kingdoms period. It was called Ximi during the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period under the Chu state.[5]

Under the Song Dynasty (AD 960-AD 1279) it was heavily fortified, with walls 4 miles (6.4 km) in circumference, and became the seat of the military prefecture of Yueyang, whence its present name. During the Taiping Rebellion, its capture by the rebels in AD 1852 was an important stage in their advance up the Yangtze River valley to Nanjing. At the time of the foundation of the Republic of China in AD 1911, it became a county, taking the name Yueyang.

Yueyang Tower

Yueyang Tower is an ancient Chinese tower in Yueyang, Hunan Province, on the shore of Lake Dongting. Alongside the Pavilion of Prince Teng and Yellow Crane Tower, it is one of the Three Great Towers of Jiangnan, and attracts many tourists.[5] It is a famous place for tourism.

Government

Main article: Politics of Yueyang

The current CPC Party Secretary of Yueyang is Wang Yi'ou and the current Mayor is Li Aiwu.[6]

Transportation

Yueyang has two Yangtze River crossings, the Jingyue Yangtze River Bridge and Dongting Lake Bridge.

The city is served by Yueyang Sanhe Airport.

Education

There are a total of six colleges and polytechnic schools and several medical schools, the largest of which is Hunan Institute of Science and Technology.[7]

Other colleges include:

Schools:

The No.1 Middle School of Huarong (key provincial)

Secondary Vocational Schools

Primary Schools

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China

Twin towns — sister cities

Yueyang is twinned with:[8]

References

  1. ^ "China: Húnán (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "2022年湖南省各市州地区生产总值(三季度".
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 11 June 2023.
  4. ^ "Experience Template" 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Yueyang | China". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  6. ^ "李爱武任岳阳市代市长 刘和生辞去市长职务(图|简历)_中国经济网——国家经济门户". district.ce.cn. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  7. ^ "学校简介-湖南理工学院". www.hnist.cn. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  8. ^ "友好城市缔结统计表". www.yueyang.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-06-09.