AbodeWorld of Light
Jewish equivalentJophiel (Metatron)

In Mandaeism, Yufin-Yufafin or Yupin-Yupapin (Classical Mandaic: ࡉࡅࡐࡉࡍ ࡅࡉࡅࡐࡀࡐࡉࡍ, romanized: iupin u-iupapin) is an uthra (angel or guardian) in the World of Light.[1] In the Ginza Rabba, Yufin-Yufafin is mentioned in Books 3 and 5.4 of the Right Ginza and Book 1 of the Left Ginza, whereas "Yufin-Uthra" is mentioned in Book 4 of the Right Ginza.[2] He is also mentioned in many Qolasta prayers, including prayers 5, 9, 22, 28, 46, 77, 105, and 171, in which he is often mentioned along with uthras such as Sam Mana Smira and Nbaṭ.[3]


Nathaniel Deutsch (2000) links Yufin-Yufafin with Yophiel, one of the names of the angel Metatron in Jewish mysticism. Deutsch also observes many parallels between Metatron and Abatur.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash (2019). "Glossary". Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book (2 ed.). Drabsha.
  2. ^ Gelbert, Carlos (2011). Ginza Rba. Sydney: Living Water Books. ISBN 9780958034630.
  3. ^ Drower, E. S. (1959). Canonical Prayerbook of the Mandaeans. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  4. ^ Deutsch, Nathaniel (2000). "The Date Palm and the Wellspring: Mandaeism and Jewish Mysticism". ARAM Periodical. 11 (2): 209-223. doi:10.2143/ARAM.11.2.504462.