Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park
Ruins of a sugar mill at the park
Map showing the location of Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park
Location of the park in Florida
LocationCitrus County, Florida, United States
Nearest cityHomosassa, Florida
Coordinates28°47.0′N 82°36.4′W / 28.7833°N 82.6067°W / 28.7833; -82.6067Coordinates: 28°47.0′N 82°36.4′W / 28.7833°N 82.6067°W / 28.7833; -82.6067
EstablishedAugust 12, 1970
Governing bodyFlorida Department of Environmental Protection
Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park
NRHP reference No.70000179[1]

Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park is a Florida State Park located in Homosassa, off U.S. 19. It contains the ruins of a forced-labor farm owned by David Levy Yulee.[2] Yulee was an enslaver and a delegate of the Florida Territorial Legislative Council. After Florida became a state, he was elected by the legislature in 1845 to the United States Senate, becoming the first American of Jewish heritage to serve there. After Florida seceded from the Union, Yulee served in the Confederate Congress. He is credited with having developed a network of railroads that tremendously boosted the state's economy.

At Homosassa, Yulee established a farm of some 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) worked by about 1,000 enslaved African Americans. They raised sugarcane, citrus, and cotton. The large mill (which was steam-driven) ran from 1851 to 1864. It produced sugar, syrup and molasses, the latter used in making rum.[3] The farm was largely destroyed during the American Civil War.

At the park, the stonework (foundation, well and 40-foot chimney) of the mill, iron gears, a cane press, and some of the other machinery remain.[3] The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 12, 1970.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park Archived June 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Florida State Parks
  3. ^ a b Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park, Absolutely Florida