Yuli County
尉犁县 (Chinese)
لوپنۇر ناھىيىسى (Uyghur)
ᠯᠣᠪ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Mongolian)
Yülihsien, Lopnur
Yuli County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yuli County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yuli is located in Bayingolin
Yuli
Yuli
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Yuli is located in Xinjiang
Yuli
Yuli
Yuli (Xinjiang)
Yuli is located in China
Yuli
Yuli
Yuli (China)
Coordinates: 41°20′38″N 86°15′40″E / 41.344°N 86.261°E / 41.344; 86.261
CountryChina
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBayingolin
County seatYuli (Lopnur)
Area
 • Total59,401.78 km2 (22,935.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[3]
 • Total101,866
 • Density1.7/km2 (4.4/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • Major ethnic groupsHan Chinese, Uyghur[4]
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard[a])
Postal code
841500
Websiteyuli.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Yuli County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese尉犁
Traditional Chinese尉犁
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese罗布淖尔县
Traditional Chinese羅布淖爾縣
Second alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese罗布泊县
Traditional Chinese羅布泊縣
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠯᠣᠪ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
Uyghur name
Uyghurلوپنۇر ناھىيىسى

Yuli County as the official Romanized name, also transliterated from Mongolian as Lopnur County (Lop Nur), is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. It contains an area of 59,399 km2 (22,934 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 100,000.

Etymology

The etymology was discussed in detail in the article On the Place Name Yuli and Rouran (尉犁地名和柔然源流考) by Li Shuhui (李树辉).

The name Yuli was postulated to have come from Turkic (J)yrægir ("one who is stationed; one who stays"), the name of a Turkic clan, and derived from yræ-(verb form yryk, "to be stationed in") + -gir (adjectival suffix).

Both (J)yrægir and yryk were said to be recorded in the ancient dictionary Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk, although the exact Arabic-script forms are unknown, perhaps اُرَكِرْ Üregir, يُرَكِرْ Yüregir, the 15th clan of the Oghuz.[citation needed]

History

In 2016, Tuanjie was upgraded from a township to a town.[5]

In 2018, Xingping was upgraded from a township to a town.[6]

Geography

The county is bordered to the northeast by Toksun County.

Climate

Climate data for Yuli, elevation 885 m (2,904 ft), (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
6.6
(43.9)
15.5
(59.9)
23.9
(75.0)
28.9
(84.0)
32.6
(90.7)
33.9
(93.0)
32.9
(91.2)
28.3
(82.9)
20.6
(69.1)
10.5
(50.9)
0.8
(33.4)
19.5
(67.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−1.6
(29.1)
7.5
(45.5)
16.0
(60.8)
21.2
(70.2)
25.2
(77.4)
26.4
(79.5)
24.9
(76.8)
19.4
(66.9)
10.7
(51.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−6.4
(20.5)
11.4
(52.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.1
(46.6)
13.4
(56.1)
18.1
(64.6)
19.6
(67.3)
17.9
(64.2)
12.0
(53.6)
3.1
(37.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−12.0
(10.4)
4.2
(39.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.05)
0.7
(0.03)
0.9
(0.04)
2.6
(0.10)
6.8
(0.27)
10.3
(0.41)
9.4
(0.37)
7.6
(0.30)
4.0
(0.16)
2.0
(0.08)
1.0
(0.04)
1.1
(0.04)
47.6
(1.89)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.6 0.7 0.5 1.4 2.3 3.7 4.9 3.1 1.8 1.1 0.6 1.6 23.3
Average snowy days 4.9 1.2 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.6 4.8 12
Average relative humidity (%) 67 51 36 33 34 40 45 48 51 54 58 68 49
Mean monthly sunshine hours 191.9 204.4 240.6 259.9 301.9 304.8 306.8 297.4 282.8 269.1 216.4 176.4 3,052.4
Percent possible sunshine 64 67 64 64 67 67 68 71 77 80 75 62 69
Source: China Meteorological Administration[7][8]

Administrative divisions

Yuli County includes three towns and five townships:[1][2][6]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian (traditional) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Administrative division code Notes
Towns
Yuli Town
(Lopnur Town)
尉犁镇 Yùlí Zhèn لوپنۇر بازىرى lopnur baziri 652823100
Tuanjie Town 团结镇 Tuánjié Zhèn ئىتتىپاق بازىرى Ittipaq baziri 652823110 formerly Tuanjie Township (团结乡)
Xingping Town 兴平镇 Xīngpíng Zhèn شىڭپىڭ بازىرى shingping baziri 652823120 formerly Xingping Township (兴平乡)
Townships
Tarim Township[9] 塔里木乡 Tǎlǐmù Xiāng تارىم يېزىسى[10] tarim yëzisi 652823200
Dongkotan Township 墩阔坦乡 Dūnkuòtǎn Xiāng دۆڭقوتان يېزىسى döngqotan yëzisi 652823203
Karquga Township 喀尔曲尕乡 Kā'ěrqūgǎ Xiāng قارچۇغا يېزىسى qarchugha yëzisi 652823204
Aksopi Township[11] 阿克苏普乡
(阿克苏甫乡[11])
Ākèsūpǔ Xiāng
(Ākèsūfǔ Xiāng)
ئاقسوپى يېزىسى Aqsopi yëzisi 652823205
Gülbag Township 古勒巴格乡 Gǔlèbāgé Xiāng گۈلباغ يېزىسى gülbagh yëzisi 652823206

Others:

Economy

As of 1885, there was about 2,960 acres (19,564 mu) of cultivated land in Yuli.[12]

Demographics

As of 2015, 68,281 (66.20%) of the 103,143 residents of the county were Han Chinese, 33,752 (32.72%) were Uyghur and 1,110 were from other ethnic groups.[13]

As of 1999, 70.54% of the population of Yuli (Lopnur) County was Han Chinese and 28.68% of the population was Uyghur.[14]

As of 1997, several townships had a majority of Uyghur residents including Ka'erquga Township (98.6%), Donghetan Township (98.5%), Akesufu/Akesupu Township (90.1%), Gulebage Township (65.3%), Xingping Township (61.6%) and others.[4]

The proportion of nationalities in Yuli (Lopnur) County, 2018
Nationality Percentage
Han People
66.9%
Uyghurs
32.0%
Hui People
0.5%
Others
0.6%
Source of the population statistics :[15]

Transportation

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Locals in Xinjiang frequently observe UTC+6 (Xinjiang Time), 2 hours behind Beijing.

References

  1. ^ a b 行政区划. 尉犁县政府网 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved 28 November 2019. 尉犁县行政区域面积6万平方公里,县辖5乡3镇,为尉犁镇、团结镇、兴平镇、塔里木乡、墩阔坦乡、喀尔曲尕乡、阿克苏甫乡、古勒巴格乡,另有肖唐管委会、尉北管委会。有生产建设兵团农二师驻县团场及州直驻县单位7个,县域总人口10.33万人。
  2. ^ a b 尉犁县历史沿革 [Yuli County Historical Development] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2019. 2003年,尉犁县总面积59401.78平方千米,总人口109431人,{...}2010年第六次人口普查,尉犁县常住总人口96068人,其中:尉犁镇22474人,塔里木乡6713人,兴平乡10871人,团结乡7258人,墩阔坦乡4163人,喀尔曲尕乡3590人,阿克苏普乡2765人,古勒巴格乡5530人,兵团三十一团9291人,农二师三十三团12320人,兵团三十四团11093人。【注:阿克苏甫乡为民政部门的写法,阿克苏普乡为统计部门的写法】
  3. ^ Xinjiang: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  4. ^ a b 1997年尉犁县行政区划 [1997 Yuli County Administrative Divisions]. XZQH.org. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2020. 面积59760.8平方千米,人口9万,有汉、维吾尔、蒙古、满等民族,其中汉族占70.2%{...}其中维吾尔族占90.1%
  5. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:尉犁县 [2016 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Yuli County] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2020. 统计用区划代码 名称 652823100000 尉犁镇 652823110000 团结镇 652823200000 塔里木乡 652823201000 兴平乡 652823203000 墩阔坦乡 652823204000 喀尔曲尕乡 652823205000 阿克苏普乡 652823206000 古勒巴格乡 652823501000 兵团三十一团 652823502000 兵团三十三团 652823503000 兵团三十四团
  6. ^ a b 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:尉犁县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Yuli County] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2019. 统计用区划代码 名称 652823100000 尉犁镇 652823110000 团结镇 652823120000 兴平镇 652823200000 塔里木乡 652823203000 墩阔坦乡 652823204000 喀尔曲尕乡 652823205000 阿克苏普乡 652823206000 古勒巴格乡 652823501000 兵团三十一团 652823502000 兵团三十三团 652823503000 兵团三十四团
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  8. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  9. ^ Tarim (Approved - N) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  10. ^ تارىم (Variant Non-Roman Script - VS) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  11. ^ a b Xie Yuzhong 解玉忠 (2003). 地名中的新疆 (in Simplified Chinese). Ürümqi: 新疆人民出版社. p. 143. ISBN 7-228-08004-1. 阿克苏甫 Aksopi {...}
  12. ^ Herold J. Wiens (November 1966). "Cultivation Development and Expansion in China's Colonial Realm in Central Asia". The Journal of Asian Studies. 26 (1): 75. doi:10.2307/2051832. JSTOR 2051832. S2CID 162339064.
  13. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 (in Simplified Chinese). شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى 新疆维吾尔自治区统计局 Statistic Bureau of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. 15 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  14. ^ Morris Rossabi, ed. (2004). Governing China's Multiethnic Frontiers (PDF). University of Washington Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-295-98390-6.
  15. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.