Zakariya Khan Bahadur
Died1745[1]
FatherAbd al-Samad Khan
Military career
AllegianceMughal Empire
Service/branchSubedar of Punjab
RankWali, Faujdar, Ispahsalar, Subedar
Battles/warsMughal-Sikh Wars, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire

Zakariya Khan(d.1745) was the Mughal Empire's viceroy of Lahore from 1726, succeeding his father, Abd al-Samad Khan, in the post. He was descended from the Ansari family of Panipat.[2] He continued and extended his father's policy of severe persecution of Sikhs, and thousands of Sikhs were killed during his period in the post, especially during the Chhota Ghallughara.[3][4]

Mughal Army commander Abd al-Samad Khan (father of Zakariya Khan Bahadur) being received by emperor Jahandar Shah.
Mughal Army commander Abd al-Samad Khan (father of Zakariya Khan Bahadur) being received by emperor Jahandar Shah.

Khan was given control of Lahore by Persian Emperor Nader Shah during his invasion of the Mughal Empire in 1738 in return for annual tribute payments to the Persian crown.[5] He continued the prosecution of Sikhs and appointed Salabat Khan to block Amritsar and not allowing Sikhs to worship there.According to prominent early Sikh historian Ratan Singh Bhangu, in response to having his scalp torn off, Taru Singh cursed Zakaria Khan, saying he would be killed by his shoes.[9] According to Sikh sources, after cutting Bhai Taru Singh's scalp, Zakaria Khan was stricken with unbearable pain and the inability to urinate. As a last resort, Khan sent an apology to the Khalsa Panth for his persecution of Sikhs and begged for forgiveness. It was suggested that if Khan hit himself with Singh's shoes, his condition might be lifted. Although it would cure Khan of his condition, he died 22 days later from having hit himself with the shoes, just as Singh predicted. Salabat Khan was killed in an encounter with Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and Sikhs liberated Amritsar in March 1748.[6]

In popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ Singha, H.S. (1 January 2005), Sikh Studies, Book 6, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 978-81-7010-258-8
  2. ^ Charles Francis Massy (1890). Chiefs and Families of Note in the Delhi, Jalandhar, Peshawar and Derajat Divisions of the Panjab. Pioneer Press.
  3. ^ The advanced study in history of the Punjab: Volume 1; G. S. Chhabra (1968), p 346
  4. ^ Punjab district gazetteers, Volume 9, 1987, p 72
  5. ^ bahādur.), Muḥammad Laṭīf (Saiyid, khān (1891). History of the Panjáb from the Remotest Antiquity to the Present Time. Calcutta Central Press Company, limited.
  6. ^ Singha, Dr H. S. (2005). Sikh Studies. Hemkunt Press. ISBN 9788170102588.
  7. ^ Singha, Dr H. S. (2005). Sikh Studies. Hemkunt Press. ISBN 9788170102588.