|Political position||Right-wing to far-right|
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Zehut (Hebrew: זֶהוּת, lit. 'identity') was a right-libertarian and nationalist political party in Israel founded in 2015 by Moshe Feiglin. Its platform was centered around promoting individual liberty, including economic freedom, and annexing the West Bank. The party also advocated for legalization of cannabis.
The roots of Zehut lie in the Manhigut Yehudit (Jewish Leadership) movement within the Likud party, established in 1995 by Moshe Feiglin in order to attain the country's leadership through it, eventually receiving 23% of the votes in the 2012 Likud leadership election. In the 2013 elections, Feiglin was elected to the 19th Knesset, and served as its Deputy Speaker.
After Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu took active steps to block Feiglin's advancement in the party, he reached the conclusion that it would be impossible to affect any political changes while acting within the Likud. In 2015, he left it to form the Zehut party, which was officially registered later that year.
Zehut's first conference, held in 2017 at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port, had over 2,000 attendees.
Idan Mor, a prominent stand-up comedian and cannabis legalization activist known by his pseudonym "Gadi Wilcherski", joined the party in December 2018, and has appeared in most of its rallies since.
Prior to 2019, Zehut had never been listed in a poll by media outlets, but internal polling in April 2017 showed that the party could win up to 12 Knesset seats if voters were confident that it would pass the 3.25% threshold. Many pollsters kept excluding Zehut as a pre-written selectable option as late as 11 March 2019. Since then, every poll conducted by various organizations have showed that Zehut would pass the threshold, receiving 4–8 seats.
In July 2018, Zehut announced it would be holding Israel's first open primaries. They were held on 29 January 2019 at voting booths as well as online. About 12,000 people voted in these primaries, which determined the order of the candidates who won in the party's internal primaries in September 2017. One out of every 10 candidates is represented by Zehut International, the party's Jewish diaspora branch.
In late March 2019, a major poll conducted by the National Union of Students found that Zehut was the 2nd-most popular party (after Blue and White) among Israeli college and university students.
During the campaign for the April 2019 election, Feiglin stated that he did not have a preference between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his main election rival Benny Gantz.
Zehut made cannabis legalization a condition for joining any government after the April elections, and would pursue the finance and education ministries. Feiglin also stated that the party will not join a government that is willing to sell out the Land of Israel.
After narrowly missing the Knesset threshold in the April 2019 election, Feiglin announced on 30 May that Zehut will run in the September snap election. He expressed openness to run as part of an alliance on the right, and urged "all political figures who see themselves as part of the freedom camp" to join it. Feiglin and New Right leader Naftali Bennett discussed a potential electoral alliance (whose leader Feiglin preferred be elected in open primaries) in a meeting that was described as "long and positive".
Feiglin also said that while Zehut's platform and principles had not changed, it would make a number of strategic changes, including clearly emphasizing that it is a right-wing party, and no longer make cannabis legalization a condition for joining any government coalition.
Upon taking the leadership of the New Right and merging with the Union of Right-Wing Parties to form Yamina, Ayelet Shaked expressed openness towards bringing Zehut and Otzma Yehudit into the alliance. Zehut also engaged in direct talks with Otzma Yehudit for a joint list, with backing from Netanyahu after Likud internal polling showed that the two parties together would pass the electoral threshold. Ultimately, however, Feiglin announced that Zehut would be running alone, accusing Shaked of ignoring overtures by his party.
Netanyahu later sent messengers to urge Zehut to drop out of the election, offering to help pay the party’s debts and merge the party into the Likud. However, Feiglin initially declined the offer, claiming that his voter base would support Benny Gantz, Avigdor Lieberman or stay home if that took place. Netanyahu subsequently met with Feiglin to offer him a senior position in the Ministry of Finance, the adoption of some of Zehut's economic policies, and ease access to medical cannabis providing he drop his election bid. Feiglin then declared that if he received an agreeable proposal, he would put it to a vote by Zehut supporters.
On 29 August 2019, Feiglin announced an agreement with Netanyahu had been reached and that Zehut would withdraw from the election, pending approval by the Zehut membership. According to the terms of the agreement, the parties would not merge, but Feiglin would serve as a minister in the next government, and the next government would implement some of Zehut's economic and cannabis reforms.
On 1 September, the Zehut membership approved the deal and consequently the party withdrew from the election
The party did not contest the 2020 or 2021 elections.
In July 2021, Feiglin announced that he was rejoining Likud.
The party platform of Zehut consisted of the following positions:
The following order of Knesset candidates was chosen in Israel's first open primaries:
|Leader||Took office||Left office|
|Election year||Party Leader||No. of votes||% of vote||No. of seats
|April 2019||Moshe Feiglin||118,031||2.7 (13th)||
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|September 2019||Moshe Feiglin||N/A (withdrew from election)||N/A||
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...a far-right nationalist libertarian who advocates small government, legalizing marijuana and a free-market economy.
...Zehut (Identity), the new libertarian party whose poll surge has surprised everyone...pushing for various far-right nationalist policies
The leader of the rising Zehut Party is attracting more than just young potheads to his libertarian platform
...and personal liberty. Its platform includes libertarian economic positions...
Now you have two special-interest groups. What pulls them together is the strong libertarian, anti-state agenda that works well for both.