Zhaba
[dʐa35 ʂka55]
Native toChina
Native speakers
7,800 (2008)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3zhb
Glottologzhab1238
ELPZhaba

Zhaba, also known as Bazi, Bozi, Draba, nDrapa, Zaba, Zha (Chinese: 扎坝语 or 扎巴语), is a Qiangic language of Sichuan, China spoken by about 8,000 people in Daofu County and Yajiang County. The Zhaba, who are officially classified by the Chinese government as ethnic Tibetan people, refer to themselves as [ndʐa55 pɪ31] and to the Zhaba language as [ndʐa35 ʂka55].[2] Neighboring Khams Tibetan speakers refer to the Zhaba people as [ndʐa55 pa55]. Zhaba speakers live primarily in the Xianshui River 鲜水河 valley.[2]

Descriptions of Zhaba include Huang (1991)[3] and Gong (2007).[2] Huang & Dai (1992)[4] document the Queyu dialect spoken in Zhatuo Village 扎拖村, Zhatuo Township 扎拖乡, Daofu County, Sichuan.

Phonology

Zhaba consonants[5]
Labial Alveolar (Alveolo-)palatal Retroflex Velar Uvular Glottal
plain appr. plain sibilant
Nasal voiced m n ɲ ŋ
voiceless ɲ̥ ŋ̥
Plosive voiceless p t ts ʈʂ k q
aspirated pʰʳ tsʰ tɕʰ ʈʂʰ
voiced b d dz ɖʐ ɡ
prenasalized ᵐb ⁿd ⁿdz ᶮdʑ ᶯɖʐ ᵑɡ
Fricative voiceless (f) ɬ s ɕ ʂ x h
voiced z ʑ ʐ ɣ ɦ
Approximant w l j
Trill r

Dialects

Ethnologue (21st edition) lists two dialects of Zhaba:

Distribution

A total of 8,319 Zhaba people are distributed in the following townships of Zhaba District 扎坝区 of Daofu County (Upper Zha 上扎 area), and Zhamai District 扎麦区 of Yajiang County (Lower Zha 下扎 area) (Gong 2007:2-3).[2] Zhaba people from the two districts speak the same mutually intelligible language.

References

  1. ^ Zhaba at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d Gong Qunhu [龚群虎]. 2007. Zhabayu yanjiu [扎巴语研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
  3. ^ Huang Bufan (黄布凡), 1991: 扎坝语 [Zhaba language]. In Dai Qingxia, Huang Bufan, Fu Ailan, Renzeng-Wangmu, and Liu Juhuang (戴庆厦、黄布凡、傅爱 兰、仁增旺姆、刘菊黄) Zangmianyu Shiwu-zhong (藏缅语十五种: Fifteen Tibeto-Burman languages). Beijing: Beijing Yanshan Chubanshe, pp. 64-97.
  4. ^ Huang Bufan and Dai Qingxia, eds. 1992. Zangmianyuzu yuyan cihui 《藏緬語族語言詞匯》[A Tibeto-Burman Lexicon]. Beijing: Central Institute of Minorities.
  5. ^ Namkung, Ju. 1996. Phonological Inventories of Tibeto-Burman Languages. (STEDT Monograph Series, 3.) In Namkung, Ju (ed.) Berkeley: Center for Southeast Asia Studies. xxvii+507pp.