Zhongshan Min
中山闽语 / 中山閩語
Native toChina
RegionZhongshan, Guangdong Province; California; Hawaii
Native speakers
140,000 (2005)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Glottologzhon1238  Zhongshan Min
Min dialect islands in Zhongshan: (1) Longdu, (2) Nanlang, (3) Sanxiang

Zhongshan Min (simplified Chinese: 中山闽语; traditional Chinese: 中山閩語), known as Cunhua (村话; 村話) by its speakers,[2] are three Min Chinese dialect islands in the Zhongshan region of the southern Chinese province of Guangdong. The Zhongshan Min people settled in the region from Fujian Province as early as the Northern Song dynasty period (1023–1031).[2] The three dialects are:[1][2]

According to Nicholas Bodman, the Longdu and Nanlang dialects belong to the Eastern Min group, while the Sanxiang dialect belongs to Southern Min.[3][4] All three have been heavily influenced by the Shiqi dialect, the local variety of Yue Chinese.[5]

As the dialect with the most speakers, the Longdu dialect may be taken as the representative dialect of Zhongshan Min.[6]


  1. ^ a b EBGZC 2012, p. 1532.
  2. ^ a b c Gao 2002, p. 115.
  3. ^ Bodman 1984, pp. 1–2.
  4. ^ Bodman 1985, pp. 5–6.
  5. ^ Bodman 1984, p. 3.
  6. ^ EBGZC 2012, p. 1534.


See also