Programme for the original 1967 production of Zigger Zagger by the National Youth Theatre
Programme for the original 1967 production of Zigger Zagger by the National Youth Theatre

Zigger Zagger is a 1967 play by Peter Terson which was the first work to be commissioned by the National Youth Theatre who revived it at Wilton's Music Hall in 2017 for its 50th anniversary.[1] Described as a "football opera"[2] in which the cast sing and chant like a Greek chorus,[3] the play was an instant success.[4][5] The production was directed by Michael Croft while the musical director was Colin Farrell.

A chant sung in the play, Zigger Zagger, Zigger Zagger, oi, oi, oi!, a variant of the Oggie Oggie Oggie chant, was adopted by fans of several football clubs in England.[6][7]

History

During its first years, the National Youth Theatre (NYT) under its founder Michael Croft had mainly performed the plays of Shakespeare and the Classics but on a visit to the Victoria Theatre in Stoke-on-Trent Croft saw Peter Terson's musical adaptation of Arnold Bennett's short story Jock-on-the-Go. Impressed by Terson's non-patronising writing for young performers, Croft immediately commissioned him to pen the first play to be specially written for the NYT, stating only that the new work would have to include a large cast. Two months later Terson sent Croft the first draft of Zigger Zagger and with it included a note that read: "At first I thought it was great, but then I was struck with the thought, 'Who's interested in football nowadays – it's square!' But if you are interested in the idea and put your own schemes forward, I am still keen to work on it." Croft himself was a football fan and was keen to put on the work which explored the themes of football hooliganism and tribalism and the hopelessness of life for many teenagers in 1960s society. Croft wrote of the play: "Zigger Zagger showed the dismal prospect awaiting the average lad, the narrow limits of his opportunity, the tiredness and cynicism of the adults in authority over him." [2]

Croft set the action in a specially constructed football stand upstage with a constantly present crowd of football fans who acted as a Greek chorus - shouting at the audience, singing between scenes and taking part in the action.[8] The whole cast was on stage throughout the performance, with performers stepping out from the crowd to perform their scenes and then returning to it when not involved in the action.[2]

The play, with its cast of 90 and an average age of 17, was gradually formed during the four-week rehearsal period of improvisation and workshopping with Terson rewriting the dialogue "where he felt lines could be improved to suit the actor, and sometimes adding [lines] where the actor's own personality sparked off fresh ideas about the part he was playing."[2] The original script was modified right up until opening night.

The National Youth Theatre's original production of Zigger Zagger opened at the Jeanetta Cochrane Theatre in August 1967 and was broadcast on television by the BBC in the same year.[9][10] The play opened at the Strand Theatre in the West End in March 1968 with a professional cast which included Anthony May, Michael Cashman, Alun Lewis, Peter Denyer[11][12] and Esta Charkham but closed after two weeks.[13] The play received eight revivals and tours over the next 20 years[14] including in 1975 when it was revived at the Shaw Theatre again directed by Michael Croft. A studio production was filmed by BBC Schools and featured Michael Tarn in the title role, Cheryl Murray as Edna while sisters Gillian Taylforth and Kim Taylforth played Sandra and Glennis, and Peter Turner playing Harry.[15]

Synopsis

Zigger Zagger is an early play about football hooliganism and tribalism and charts the emptiness and futility faced by many youngsters when they leave school at 16 only to find themselves in a series of dead-end jobs, if they manage to find employment at all. The play follows the story of Harry Philton, an ardent fan of his local football team who struggles between the life of sex, violence and drink that football offers contrasted with a stable future offered by an apprenticeship.[1]

Harry is about to leave school at 16 with no qualifications and no interest in anything – except football. His stout-drinking mother wants him out of the house while she entertains a succession of truck-driver "uncles". His friend Zigger Zagger is a football hooligan who goes with him to the Saturday match with the intention of starting a riot. As much as Harry wants to be Zigger Zagger's friend he is unsure that he wants to go down the route of trouble, violence and hooliganism with him.

Other forces from contemporary urban society – including the teacher, the vicar, the youth careers officer, the family, the girls, the magistrate and the army recruiting soldier – also exert their influence on Harry to get him to make something better of his life, and Harry starts to wrestle with his conscience. When his girlfriend runs off with his team's centre-forward when he is transferred to a bigger and richer club, Harry realises that football is an empty sham and he takes up an apprenticeship.[4]

The action takes place in the shadow of a football stadium which serves as a dominating presence throughout the play.

Original 1967 cast

Football crowd, supporters, etc.:
Elizabeth Adare, Stephen Amiel, Robert Bailey, Stephen Boxer, Martin Chamberlain, Henry Chambers, Richard Cleveland, Derek Coates, Roderick Culbertson, Russell Dixon, Thomas Dmochowski, Sydney Dunn, Pearl England, Linda Fitzsimmons, Natalie Fleischer, Michael Ford, Michael Hadley, Peter Hall, Alan Hart, Stephen Hewitt, Peter Jones, Christopher Lacey, Kathleen Lee, Roderick Leyland, Kim Lewis-Lavender, Fergus Logan, Kathleen Lyall, Brian Marcus, James Milne, Barry McCarthy, Brian Payne, Timothy Pembridge, Joan Rees, Judith Riley, Michael Roberts, Nicholas Roth, Sally Sagoe, Lee Simmonds, Paul Spencer, Charles Sturridge, John Sweet, Alan Swift, Robert Thompson, Geoffrey Thorpe, Russell Thorpe, Albert Welling, Brian Wheeler, Stephen Yates.

References

  1. ^ a b Zigger Zagger - National Youth Theatre website
  2. ^ a b c d Zigger Zagger! Oi! Oi! Oi! How football's first musical kicked off - The Stage, 1 September 2017
  3. ^ Review: Zigger Zagger at Wilton's Music Hall - A Younger Theatre, 17 September 2017
  4. ^ a b September 1967: A new playwright scores with a tale of the terraces - The Guardian
  5. ^ Martin Banham and James R. Brandon (editors), The Cambridge Guide to Theatre, Cambridge University Press (1995) - Google Books pg. 1073
  6. ^ Hattenstone, Simon. "Bigoted Chelsea chants give me the blues". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  7. ^ "Barrow: The Beautiful History". The Beautiful History. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  8. ^ Robert Leach, An Illustrated History of British Theatre and Performance: Volume Two - From the Industrial Revolution to the Digital Age, Routledge (2019) - Google Books]
  9. ^ Zigger Zagger (1967), bufvc.ac.uk; accessed 22 March 2018.
  10. ^ Zigger Zagger - Christopher Cameron's Archive on the BBC Plays Department: Single Drama 1965 - 1987
  11. ^ Peter Denyer: actor and scriptwriter - The Times, 2 October 2009
  12. ^ Obituaries - Peter Denyer: Actor who played the slow but lovable Dennis in 'Please Sir! - The Independent
  13. ^ Peter Jobin, Beyond Walls: Theatre Passe Muraille 1968 - 1975, The Porcupine's Quill (2018)- Google Books pg. 101
  14. ^ Zigger Zagger, Zigger Zagger, Oi, Oi, Oi! - Wilton's Music Hall Productions
  15. ^ Zigger Zagger (1975) - BBC School Broadcasting - British Film Institute database