|Abductor digiti minimi muscle of foot|
|Insertion||Fifth toe or phalanges|
|Artery||Lateral plantar artery|
|Nerve||Lateral plantar nerve|
|Actions||Flexion and abduction of the fifth toe|
|Antagonist||Flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle|
|Latin||Musculus abductor digiti minimi pedis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The abductor digiti minimi (abductor minimi digiti, abductor digiti quinti) is a muscle which lies along the lateral (outer) border of the foot, and is in relation by its medial margin with the lateral plantar artery, vein and nerves.
Its homolog in the arm is the abductor digiti minimi muscle in the hand.
It arises, by a broad origin, from the lateral process of the tuberosity of the calcaneus, from the under surface of the calcaneus between the two processes of the tuberosity, from the forepart of the medial process, from the plantar aponeurosis, and from the intermuscular septum between it and the flexor digitorum brevis.
Its tendon, after gliding over a smooth facet on the under surface of the base of the fifth metatarsal bone, is inserted, with the flexor digiti quinti brevis, into the fibular side of the base of the first phalanx of the fifth toe.
The abductor digiti minimi is innervated by the lateral plantar nerve, a branch of the tibial nerve.
Its function is flexion and abduction of the fifth (little) toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint.
Due to its role in posture during all physical activity while in an upright position, the abductor digiti minimi is often the target of injury.
In case of polydactyly it may insert to the sixth toe instead, if there is one.
The Latin name abductor digiti minimi translates to abductor of the small digit while the alternative name abductor digiti quinti means abductor of fifth digit.
Bones of the right foot seen from below.