There are two grading systems used in Italy:

To someone familiar with both the Italian and the U.S. college systems, Italian grades are best translated into American grades (and vice versa) according to the following table:

## Scuola primaria, scuola secondaria di primo e secondo grado

In Italian primary and secondary school a 10-point scale is used, 6 being the minimum grade for passing.

Traditionally in the most prestigious high schools (Liceo Classico, Liceo Scientifico, Liceo Linguistico and Liceo delle Scienze Umane), grades vary within a limited range, between 2 and 8, often with each professor applying his/her own custom. When a professor wants to apply a more precise scale, instead of using the full 1–10 scale (which would have made their scale not comparable with that of other professors) they would often insert a plethora of symbols and decimals: the range between 5 and 6 would then be covered, in sequence, by 5+, 5½ and 6−. Sufficiency starts at 6. The "+" symbol stands for "+0.25" (5+=5.25) and the "-" symbol stands for "-0.25" (6-=5.75). Some professors, however, also use symbols such as 5++, 5/6 and 6--, which have no precise value. There has been a push in recent years to uniform the system to the 0–10 scale. A grade below 6 is considered insufficient, while a grade below 4 is considered to be extremely insufficient.

In high school, if a student, at the end of the year, reports an insufficient grade average in a certain subject (5 or below), he or she has to take a reparatory exam in September, before school begins; if the result of the reparatory exam is again not sufficient, the student cannot pass to the next year and will have to repeat it. A student who, at the end of the year, has more than 3 insufficient subjected will not pass to following class and will have to repeat the year. This is anyway subject to the judgment of professors, who can evaluate what to do according to the case.

A-A+ 95%-100% 9,5-10
A- 90%-95% 9-9,5
B+ 80%-90% 8-9
C 60%-80% 6-8
E 50%-60% 5-6
F-Fx 0%-50% 1-5

## University

For ordinary exams, universities in Italy use a 30-point scale that can be divided into failing (0 to 17) and passing (18 to 30 cum laude) grades. For final assessment of the entire degree, a 110-point scale is used, which is divided into two as well, with 66 being the minimum for a degree to be awarded. The 110-point scale incorporates scores both on course exams and for the final thesis. For outstanding results, lode, "praise" or "cum laude," is added to the maximum grade. Some Universities in Italy used a 100-point scale instead of 110.

The table is purely indicative: there are significant differences between different universities and above all between bachelor's and master's degrees. The grades received by master's degree students are statistically higher than those received by bachelor's degrees.

26-30, 30 con Lode A Excellent 5%
• 30, 30 con Lode: A+
• 28-29: A
• 26-27: A−
Excellent
21-25 B Very Good 10%
• 24-25: B+
• 22-23: B
• 21: B-
Good
19-21 C Good 20%
• 21: C+
• 20: C
• 19: C-
Satisfactory
18 D Satisfactory 40% D Passing
14-17 Fx Fail E or F Fail
0-13 F

## Italian grade conversion tables for Erasmus

### Belgium

 Italy Belgium 30 cum laude over 16 30 15-16 29 14 28 13 27 12 26 11,5 25 24 11 23 22 10,5 21 20 19 18 10

### Denmark

 Italy Denmark 30 cum laude 12 30 29 11,9-10 28 27 26 9,9-7 25 24 23 6,9-4 22 21 20 3,9-2 19 18

### Finland

 Italy Finland 30 cum laude 90-100 or 5 30 29 80-89 or 4 28 27 26 70-79  or 3 25 24 23 60-69 or 2 22 21 20 50-59 or 1 19 18

### France

 Italy France 30 cum laude over 16 30 15-16 29 14 28 13 27 12 26 11,5 25 24 11 23 22 10,5 21 20 19 18 10

### Germany

 Italy Germany 30 cum laude < 1.0 30 1.0 29 1.3 28 1.5 27 1.7 26 2.0 25 2.3 24 2.5 23 2.7 22 3.0 21 3.3 20 3.5 19 3.7 18 4.0

### Hungary

 Italy Hungary 30 5 29 28 27 26 4 25 24 23 22 3 21 20 19 2 18 18> 1

### Ireland

 Italy Ireland 30 cum laude A 30 29 B+ 28 B 27 B- 26 C+ 25 C 24 C- 23 D+ 22 D 21 20 D- 19 18

### Romania

 Italy Romania 30 cum laude 10 30 9 29 28 8 27 26 7 25 24 6 23 22 21 5 20 19 18

### The Netherlands

 Italy The Netherlands 30 cum laude 10+ 30 9.3-10 29 28 27 8.3-9 26 25 24 6-8 23 22 21 20 19 18

### Portugal

 Italy Portugal 30 cum laude 19-20 30 17-18 29 14-16 28 27 26 12-13 25 24 23 10-11 22 21 20 19 18

### Spain

 Italy Spain 30 cum laude Matricula de honor 10 30 Sobre saliente 9 29 28 Notable 8-7 27 26 25 24 23 Aprobado 6-5 22 21 20 19 18

### United Kingdom

 Italy United Kingdom 30 cum laude A 30 29 B1 28 B2 27 B3 26 C1 25 C2 24 C3 23 D1 22 D2 21 20 D3 19 18

## References

• "Grading System in Italy". ClassBase. Retrieved 22 February 2014.