Russian Orthodox nun wearing apostolnik.

An apostolnik or epimandylion is an item of clerical clothing worn by Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic nuns. It is a cloth veil that covers the head, neck, and shoulders[1] similar to a khimār form of hijab worn by Muslim women, usually black,[2] but sometimes white.[3] It is sometimes worn with a skufia.[4]

The nun typically receives the apostolnik when she becomes a novice. While it is usually replaced with the epanokamelavkion[citation needed] when the nun becomes a rassophor, many nuns will continue to wear the apostolnik for the sake of convenience, much as a monk will continue to wear a skufia instead of a klobuk when not attending the Divine Liturgy.

In some practices, a novice will wear a black scarf covering the head and tied under the chin. She will then receive the apostolnik at her tonsure. In this practice, the epanokamelavkion may be reserved for the abbess and for nuns of the Great Schema.

See also


  1. ^ "Photographic image". Archived from the original (JPG) on 20 December 2005. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Photographic image". Archived from the original (JPG) on 16 April 2005. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-22. Retrieved 2005-06-16.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)