St. Theophan the Recluse wearing a klobuk.
St. Theophan the Recluse wearing a klobuk.
Judson Procyk, an Eastern Catholic Metropolitan, wearing a white klobuk.
Judson Procyk, an Eastern Catholic Metropolitan, wearing a white klobuk.
Klobuk of Patriarch Philaret of Moscow (1619-33), Kremlin museum
Klobuk of Patriarch Philaret of Moscow (1619-33), Kremlin museum

A klobuk is an item of monastic clothing worn by monks and, in the Russian tradition, also by nuns, in the Byzantine Rite, composed of a kamilavka (stiffened round black headcovering) with an epanokamelavkion, a veil which completely covers the kamilavka and hangs down over the shoulders and back.

Overview

In the Greek tradition, the epanokamelavkion is simply laid over the kamilavka and allowed to hang freely,[note 1][note 2] but in the Russian tradition they are permanently attached.

Tonsured monastics always wear a klobuk in church and the refectory and whenever else formally dressed. During the services, there are specified times when monks are to remove the klobuk and lay it on their left shoulder to denote reverence for the sacred , e.g., when the deacon brings the chalice out through the holy doors for Holy Communion. Nuns do not normally remove the klobuk at any time during services.[note 3]

In the Russian tradition Archbishops and Metropolitans usually wear a small jewelled cross on the front of their klobuk as a mark of their rank.[photo 1] Metropolitans wear a klobuk that is white rather than black.[photo 2]

The patriarchs of Romania and Serbia also wear a white klobuk.

The patriarchs of Moscow and Georgia wear an archaic form of klobuk that is rounded on top, and the former's is white, embroidered, and surmounted with a cross.[photo 3]

Patriarchs and bishops of the Coptic Catholic[photo 4] and Armenian Catholic[photo 5] churches wear klobuks as well, although it is not a headgear worn by their Oriental Orthodox counterparts. Red klobuks have been worn by a Coptic Catholic patriarch,[photo 6] an Armenian Catholic catholicos,[photo 7] and a Ukrainian Catholic major archbishop[photo 8] after being elevated to the cardinalate. A purple klobuk has been used by a Ukrainian Catholic bishop.[photo 9]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Athonite Typicon calls for the veil to be removed at certain points during the services.
  2. ^ A deacon's epanokamelavkion is normally removable because he serves wearing only the kamilavka when he vests.
  3. ^ Even when nuns are to be anointed on the forehead, they do not remove the klobuk, only pushing it back on their heads enough for the priest or bishop to anoint them.

References


Sources

External photos

  1. ^ . 2006-02-22 https://web.archive.org/web/20060222073606/http://ocaphoto.oca.org/filetmp/2005/May/1001/Detail/DSC_0002.jpg. Archived from the original on 2006-02-22. Retrieved 2020-03-22. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ . 2005-05-02 https://web.archive.org/web/20050502135421/http://www.oca.org/Images/HolySynod/portraits/met.theo.jpg. Archived from the original on 2005-05-02. Retrieved 2020-03-22. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Library of Congress https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/reflections/images/ref0026s.jpg. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ https://www.absolutviajes.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/IMG_017637.jpg. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "big5.jpg (358x450 pixels)". archive.is. 2013-04-14. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  6. ^ http://i265.photobucket.com/albums/ii232/TERESA7_album/STEPHANOS-COPT.jpg. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "√ Joker123 Login | Joker123 Slot | Joker388 Online". 2004-04-15. Archived from the original on 2004-04-15. Retrieved 2020-03-22.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. ^ . 2007-01-28 https://web.archive.org/web/20070128145658/http://danielmitsui.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/slipyj2.jpg. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2020-03-22. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Bishop Basil Losten in the purple headdress". www.brama.com. Retrieved 2020-03-22.