The Sindhi cap, also known as the Sindhī ṭopī (Sindhi: سنڌي ٽوپي) rarely known as the Sindhi Kufi[1] (Sindhi: سنڌي ڪفي), is a skullcap worn predominantly by Sindhis in Sindh, Pakistan. Together with Ajrak, the Sindhi cap is regarded as an essential part of Sindhi, Saraiki and Balochi culture.[2][3][4][5]


Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Jr wearing a Sindhi cap
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Jr wearing a Sindhi cap
The Sindhi cap
The Sindhi cap

The Sindhi cap originated during the time of the Kalhoras, but came into general use under the Talpurs.[6] It was widely worn in Sindh by all except religious persons, who wore the turban.[6] It was primarily associated with the higher classes, both Sindhi Muslims and Sindhi Hindus, specially the Amil caste.[7]

In Sindhi culture, the Sindhi cap is often given as a gift or as a sign of respect, along with the traditional Ajrak.[8] Hand-woven Sindhi caps are a product of hard labour, and are primarily produced in Tharparkar, Umerkot, Sanghar and other districts of the Mirpurkhas division of Sindh.[9]

Ajrak detail on handmade Sindhi cap
Ajrak detail on handmade Sindhi cap

The Sindhi cap, along with Ajrak, is specially celebrated on Sindhi Cultural Day, which was originally named Sindhi Topi Day.[10] In December 2009, for the first time Sindhi Topi Day was celebrated in Pakistan’s Sindh province to celebrate the Sindhi cap, and Sindhi culture in general, where the following year the day was renamed to Sindhi Cultural Day.



The hat is a cylindrical skullcap with an arch shaped cut-out on the frontal side. Often worn with the Ajrak, the hat is embroidered with intricate geometrical designs with small pieces of mirrors or gemstones sewed into it.[11]

See also


  1. ^ "Buy Sindhi / Nagina Cap / Kufi / Topi MK#46 - Online in Pakistan | Cultural crafts, Hand weaving, Sindhi people".
  2. ^ "History of Sindhi Topi (Cap) (سنڌي ٽوپي جي تاريخ)". 7 December 2009.
  3. ^ Ring, Laura A. (2006). Zenana: Everyday Peace in a Karachi Apartment Building. Indiana University Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-253-21884-1.
  4. ^ "'Sindhi topi and Ajrak Day' the culture of Sindh". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-11-01. Origins of Sindhi Topi
  5. ^ Ross (C.I.E.), David (1883). The land of the five rivers and Sindh. Chapman and Hall. p. 3.
  6. ^ a b Burton, Sir Richard Francis (1851). Sindh, and the Races that Inhabit the Valley of the Indus. W. H. Allen. p. 285. The peculiar Sindhi cap, which has been compared, not inaptly, to a European hat inverted, was known in the time of the Kalhoras, but came into general use under the Talpurs. It is now worn by all but religious characters, who prefer the turban.
  7. ^ Hughes, Albert William (1874). A Gazetteer of the Province of Sindh. G. Bell and Sons. p. 585.
  8. ^ "Sindh celebrates Sindh Culture Day". The Express Tribune. 2010-12-04. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  9. ^ a b "Sindh celebrates first ever 'Sindhi Topi Day'". DAWN.COM. 2009-12-06.
  10. ^ a b "How Celebrations Of Sindhi Culture Day Started?| Daily Outcome". 2021-12-05.
  11. ^ Web Desk (2022-02-24). "Pakistan wears many hats, literally".