Jama, worn by the Nawab of Carnatic and his son.
Maratha ruler Rajaram I wearing a Jama.

The term jama (Hindustani: जामा, جام ; Bengali: জামা; Odia: ଜାମା ) refers to a long coat which was popular in South Asia during the early modern era.


Maharaja Ranjit Singh wearing in 1829. the Sikh version of the Jama was shorter.
A Deccan version of the Jama. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Some styles of the jama were tight around the torso but flared out like a skirt to below the knees or the ankles.

Nimjama (Neema or Nima) was an undergarment for the upper body. The courtiers wore it underneath the costumes, such as Jama (coat). The style was similar to a vest half sleeves garment. Nimajama was aided with strings to tie in front; the length was up to the knees only, shorter than the Jama. It was an indispensable part of the Mughal attire.[12]

Photo gallery

Modern use

In Gujarat, the jama began to lose popularity by the end of the 19th century A.D.[13] However, men in parts of Kutch still wear the jama also known as the angarkha[14] which has an asymmetric opening with the skirt flaring out to around the hips.[15] However, some styles fall to below the knees.

See also


  1. ^ Lewandowski, E.J. (2011). The Complete Costume Dictionary. Scarecrow Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780810877856. Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  2. ^ Goverdhan Panchal (1983) Bhavāī and Its Typical Āhārya: Costume, Make-up, and Props in Bhavāī, the Traditional Dramatic Form of Gujarāt [1]
  3. ^ Sumathi, G.J. (2007). Elements of Fashion and Apparel Design. New Age International. p. 139. ISBN 9788122413717. Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  4. ^ Cohn, Bernard S. (1996) Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India [2]
  5. ^ Condra, Jill (2008) The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Clothing Through World History: 1501–1800 [3]
  6. ^ Krishna Chaitanya (1992) History of Indian Painting: Rajasthani Traditions [4]
  7. ^ Kumar, Raj (2006) Paintings and Lifestyles of Jammu Region: From 17th to 19th Century A.D. [5]
  8. ^ "ਚੋਲਾ ਗੁਰੂ ਕਾ - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਪੀਡੀਆ" [Cholas of the Gurus]. punjabipedia.org (in Punjabi). Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  9. ^ Miller, Daniel (2001) Consumption: The history and regional development of consumption [6]
  10. ^ Kumar, Ritu (2006). Costumes and Textiles of Royal India. Antique Collectors' Club. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-85149-509-2.
  11. ^ The India Magazine of Her People and Culture. A. H. Advani. 1992. p. 21.
  12. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India. Published for the proprietors, Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1969. p. 8.
  13. ^ Ghurye, G.S. (1966). Indian Costume. Popular Prakashan. p. 154. ISBN 9788171544035. Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  14. ^ Tierney, T. (2013). Fashions from India. Dover Publications. p. 4. ISBN 9780486430409. Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  15. ^ "The Tribune - Windows - Featured story". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2021-01-30.