Sindhi Mojari

Sindhi Mojari (or simply Mojari) is a type of handcrafted footwear produced in the Indian subcontinent. They are traditionally made by artisans mostly using tanned leather. The uppers are made of one piece of leather or textile embroidered and embellished with brass nails, cowry shells, mirrors, bells and ceramic beads. The bonding from the upper to the sole is done by cotton thread that is eco-friendly and enmeshes the leather fibers to strengthen the bonds. Some product range also uses bright and ornate threads.[1]

As it evolved through the centuries and is being produced by individual artisans, products vary in designs and colours. It encapsules cultural diversity, local ethos and ethnicity.[2]


It is believed that one of the earliest examples of footwear worn on the Indian subcontinent is a sandal of wood, datable to circa 200 BC. During the 3rd and 4th Centuries in the Buddhist period, it was quite common to wear strapped sandals, and Indian kings wore sandals ornamented with precious jewels. Jain literature shows that leather was used for the making of shoes, which protected the toes from getting injured. Hides of cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep and other wild animals were used.[3]


The Mojari originated under the Muslim rule in the Mughal Empire where it was decorated with colours, gems, and other ornaments as part of the Mughal Clothing. They are said to have been popularized under the Mughal King Saleem Shah as a result.[4] In Pakistan, they are also commonly worn with Pakistan's national dress Shalwar Kameez.

See also


  1. ^ Jutta Jain-Neubauer; Bata Shoe Museum (2000). Feet & footwear in Indian culture. Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd. pp. 126, 175. ISBN 81-85822-69-7.
  2. ^ Ishraqi Designs. "Khussa shoes-symbol of the traditional culture of sindh/". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
  3. ^ Feet and Footwear in Indian Culture, Jutta Jain-Neubauer, Bata Shoe Museum Foundation, Toronto, Canada, in association with Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., p.171.
  4. ^ Shazia Hasan (21 September 2014), The shoe fits, Dawn, archived from the original on 4 March 2016, retrieved 12 November 2015