Bhutanese boys wearing gho at a festival in Punakha, November 2006
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan, wearing a gho and royal saffron kabney

The gho or g'ô (Dzongkha: བགོ, IPA: [ɡ̊hoː˨])[1] is the traditional and national dress for men in Bhutan. Introduced in the 17th century by Ngawang Namgyal, 1st Zhabdrung Rinpoche, to give the Ngalop people a more distinctive identity, it is a knee-length robe tied at the waist by a cloth belt known as the kera (Dzongkha: སྐེད་རགས་, romanizedsked rags).[2][3][4] On festive occasions, it is worn with a kabney.

The government of Bhutan requires all men to wear the gho if they work in a government office or school. Men are also required to wear the gho on formal occasions. In its modern form, the law dates from 1989, but the driglam namzha dress code is much older.

The traditional dress for men is the gho, a knee-length robe tied with a handwoven belt, known as kera. Under the gho, men wear a tego, a white jacket with long, folded-back cuffs.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Driem, George van (1998). Dzongkha = Rdoṅ-kha. Leiden: Research School, CNWS. p. 74. ISBN 978-9057890024.
  2. ^ Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen (2002). Encyclopedia of Modern Asia: China-India relations to Hyogo. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Vol. 2. Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-684-31243-3. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  3. ^ Brown, Lindsay; Armington, Stan (2007). Bhutan. Country Guides (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 49–52, 80. ISBN 978-1-74059-529-2. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  4. ^ Bartholomew, Mark (1985). Thunder Dragon Textiles from Bhutan: the Bartholomew Collection. Shikōsha. p. 38. ISBN 9784879400147. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  5. ^ Daily Bhutan