Somali man wearing an Izaar.

An izaar, also izar or ʾizār (Arabic: إِزَار),[1] also known as futah (فُوطَة),[1][2][3][4] maʿawaz (Macawis) (مَعَوَز),[5][1][6][7] wizarah (وِزَرَة),[8][9] maqtab (مَقْطَب)[5][10][11][6] is a traditional Somali and Yemeni clothing worn in Yemen especially by Hadhrami people who call it "saroun صارون" in their local dialect. It is a lower garment typically worn by men in Yemen, also known in the UAE, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, and the Horn of Africa (Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Eritrea). Omani people typically wear a white izaar underneath the Thawb instead of sirwar pyjamas. Izaar-like clothing is also worn in countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and countries in some parts of East Africa and in India. It is commonly worn by Yemenis at home, and work.[12] In some parts of Arabia such as Yemen and the Jizan and ʿAsir regions of Saudi Arabia, it is known as futah instead. It is also worn in the city of Aqaba. Some of these may feature tassels.

Similar garments

The izaar may be considered synonymous with the lungi in the Indian subcontinent and with the macawiis (معويس) in the Horn of Africa. It may also be considered a type of sarong (spelt saroun صارون in Arabic).

It is similar to a kilt, except it is lighter and thinner. It is usually striped or patterned with bold colours (often with rectangular shapes), but it can also be found plain. An izaar is usually folded around the lower body, then wrapped tightly around the waist.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Ayman Al Arabi (2010). "Methods of Weaving and Embroidering the Yemenite Fouta: A Descriptive, Analytic Study". Jordan Journal of Arts. 3 (1).
  2. ^ Category: Yemen. "Yemeni traditional dress. Yemen is a country with a remarkably diverse fashion". Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  3. ^ "Fūṭah | clothing".
  4. ^ Marshall Cavendish (1 September 2006). World and Its Peoples. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2.
  5. ^ a b "26 September News". Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b "毕业后开始独自生活:这份手册为平安再上一把锁-金人三缄网".
  7. ^ "تعز ثالث أهم محافظات الجمهورية". Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  8. ^ "Exploring Saudi Arabia: Tihama and Faifa".
  9. ^ "Chriss Pivey's Blog - Most useful blog for chemicals information". Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  10. ^ Moshe Piamenta (1991). Dictionary of Post-Classical Yemeni Arabic Part: 2. BRILL. pp. 404–. ISBN 90-04-09293-5.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ ICharacter and Morals By Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman