Arkhi
TypeMilk brandy, distilled from kefir[1]
Country of originMongolia[citation needed]
Alcohol by volumeUp 10%, depending on distillation cycle[1]
ColourClear-white
IngredientsFermented milk
VariantsAirag, kefir

Arkhi (Mongolian: Архи, ᠠᠷᠢᠬᠢ, lit. "alcohol," sometimes translated as vodka) is a liquor made from airag, fermented milk brandy, or isgelen tarag (Mongolian: исгэлэн тараг, ᠢᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ
ᠲᠠᠷᠠᠭ
, or kefir)[1] which then gets distilled. Isgelen tarag often uses the milk of a mare, donkeys, sheep, cows, the yak, camels[2] (specifically, khormog (ингэний хормог) or of reindeer, depending on local traditions or availability.[3] It holds special status in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, both as the prime spirit of choice among pastoral units[1] and served to esteemed guests.

It is often reserved for the family and never sold in Mongolia, slowly being replaced by vodka, also referred to as arkhi.[4]

In and around Inner Mongolia, it is more regularly produced and sold. Industrial production and bottling occurs in locations such as Chifeng.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Mongol Arkhi - Монгол Архи. mongolfood.info.
  2. ^ Klein-Lecat & Le Jaquen 1979, p. 181.
  3. ^ "Le koumys, koumis ou aïrag". cfaitmaison.com.
  4. ^ Ruhlmann 2006, pp. 111–113, 217.

Bibliography